Political Science (POLS)

POLS 1000. Political Science at Northeastern. 1 Hour.

Introduces first-year political science majors to the discipline, the department, and the University as a whole; familiarizes students with the skills needed for success as a university student.

POLS 1140. Exploring Politics and Political Science. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to basic concepts and principles in politics and political science. Combines a study of contemporary political events with appropriate readings that provide a conceptual and theoretical context for understanding the political world.

POLS 1150. American Government. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the system of politics and government in the United States. Topics include the philosophical basis, historical origins, design, and functioning of the Constitution as well as formal government institutions. Examines the influence of public opinion, political behavior and participation, parties, and interest groups.

POLS 1151. Recitation for POLS 1150. 0 Hours.

Provides small-group discussion format to cover material in POLS 1150.

POLS 1155. Comparative Politics. 4 Hours.

Presents a comparative study of political organization and behavior in a range of countries beyond the United States. Topics includes political culture, political economy, governing institutions, leadership, and political participation.

POLS 1156. Recitation for POLS 1155. 0 Hours.

Provides small-group discussion format to cover material in POLS 1155.

POLS 1160. International Relations. 4 Hours.

Introduces a broad study of international relations, encompassing both theoretical perspectives and empirical knowledge. Reviews the role of states as well as international and nongovernmental organizations in dealing with security and war, terrorism, human rights, trade, globalization, and environmental protection, among other important contemporary issues.

POLS 1161. Recitation for POLS 1160. 0 Hours.

Provides small-group discussion format to cover material in POLS 1160.

POLS 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

POLS 2325. Ancient Philosophy and Political Thought. 4 Hours.

Examines the philosophers of classical Greece, primarily Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These philosophers examined the nature of the material world, of the city, and of the person. The course takes up both the moral and political writings as well as the metaphysical writings. Devotes considerable attention to major works such as Plato’s Republic. Some time is given to early Greek philosophers, to the Sophists, and to later developments. Requires written analysis of philosophical texts. Prereq. ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102. Cross-listed with PHIL 2325.

POLS 2326. Premodern Political Thought. 4 Hours.

Presents an analytical and historical examination of the great political thinkers and the main trends of political thought from classical Greece to the Renaissance.

POLS 2328. Modern Political Thought. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to a range of authors who are considered to be most influential in shaping Western political thought and who remain highly relevant in informing contemporary political debate. Offers students an opportunity to think critically about some of the fundamental questions pertaining to political practice—the nature of ideas, institutions, and processes and how to understand and evaluate them.

POLS 2330. American Political Thought. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the fundamental ideas in U.S. political thought that have shaped U.S. political institutions and policies, including liberalism, neoliberalism, conservatism, and nationalism. Examines the historic roots of each viewpoint and their impact. Major topics may include Locke and the liberal tradition, republicanism, Puritan political thought, the American Revolution, the writing of the Constitution, the growth of federal power, executive power, judicial review, and the debate over slavery. Explores the ongoing interaction of political thought and the political process in contemporary U.S. society.

POLS 2332. Contemporary Political Thought. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to a range of positions in contemporary political theory, familiarizing them with key texts, authors, and debates, such as those concerning critiques of power, global justice, and pluralism. Explores a range of methodological and theoretical approaches associated with these texts and examines some of their implications in the assessment of modern societies, their values, and institutional arrangements. Offers students an opportunity to develop the ability to critically reflect on the nature and scope of political discourse.

POLS 2333. Politics and Film. 4 Hours.

Analyzes interconnections between politics and film. Considering film as a political tool, includes such topics as political satire, propaganda, war, censorship, and nationalism. Case examples emphasize current events and contemporary issues.

POLS 2334. Bureaucracy and Government Organizations. 4 Hours.

Examines the general principles underlying the structures, processes, and operation of public organizations. Examines the role of bureaucracies within the larger political system as well as how public agencies develop and change over time. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 2335. Budgeting and Taxation. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the politics of budgeting and taxation in the United States, with a particular emphasis on the federal government. Analyzes budgetary processes, participants, and outcomes as well as policy reforms. State, local, and comparative budgeting are also discussed. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 2336. Politics and the Arts. 4 Hours.

Explores the various ways in which the visual (painting, sculpture, architecture, design, etc.) and performing (music, theater, film, etc.) arts relate to, and interact with, political and governing actors, institutions, and systems. Topics covered in this broad-based multimedia course include policy and administrative issues related to government patronage of the arts, how different political ideologies view art and artists, the arts and political legitimacy, propaganda and “official art,” censorship, issues in civil liberties and artistic freedom, art and political dissent, political and ethnic minorities in the arts, and feminist art. Many of the specific cases examined come from the United States, but the overall focus of the course is global and historical.

POLS 2340. Business and Government. 4 Hours.

Surveys the relationship between economics and politics in the United States. Considers the role of government in a market economy including the efforts to manage economic growth, prevent monopoly, promote social welfare, and balance the power of business with the demands of democracy. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 2345. Urban Policies and Politics. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the political, administrative, economic, and social dynamics of urban areas. Highlights the diversity of political institutions and practices in American cities. Introduces key policy areas at the city level such as land use, economic development, and education. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 2350. State and Local Politics. 4 Hours.

Examines the political and administrative context of the state and local government in the United States; surveys the structure, function, and politics of states and localities within the context of the U.S. federal system; and highlights the diversity of political institutions and practices at the state and local levels. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 2355. Intergovernmental Relations. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the relationship among national, state, and local levels of government in the United States and the changing patterns of those relationships. Highlights the political, legal, and fiscal nature of intergovernmental relations. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 2357. Growth and Decline of Cities and Suburbs. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to the field of urban studies. Focuses on these central issues: how cities and suburbs evolve, what makes a city or suburb a good place to live, and how cities and suburbs are (or are not) planned. Students review the ways in which urban scholars and practitioners study cities and suburbs, their research methodologies, definition of issues, and division of labor among different disciplines. Students explore the roles of individuals, communities, the private sector, and government in planning and shaping the city. Prereq. Sophomore standing or above.

POLS 2360. Politics of Poverty. 4 Hours.

Explores how and why there is poverty, how it affects people’s lives, and how it can be eliminated. Examines the relations between poverty, racial and ethnic factors, and the economic, political, and administrative systems. Evaluates a number of alternatives and provides an opportunity for clarifying individual assumptions and feelings about poverty.

POLS 2368. Music and Politics. 4 Hours.

Explores the role of music in politics and the extent to which songs and their performers shape, frame, or otherwise influence political thought among audiences and listeners. Emphasizes contemporary themes and genres, with particular attention to protest songs. Examples are taken both from the United States and abroad. Prereq. Sophomore standing or above.

POLS 2370. Religion and Politics. 4 Hours.

Explores the role of religion to domestic and international politics. Examines religion as a source of political tension and strife. Draws examples from the United States and the developing world. Covers Islamic fundamentalism in Africa and the Near East, Orthodox Jewish parties in Israel, Catholic liberation theology in Latin America, and Protestant fundamentalism and the religious right in the United States. Prereq. POLS 1150, POLS 1155, or INTL 1101.

POLS 2375. Gender and Politics. 4 Hours.

Explores the relation between what is and what ought to be-and why-in the roles of women in American politics. Examines the traditional roles of women in politics, the suffrage movement, the woman as citizen and voter, the role of gender in achieving power and in political efficacy, and the place of women in politics. Also covers political action to promote women’s issues and modern feminism.

POLS 2380. Latino Politics in the United States. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the largest minority in the United States, Latinos. Explores the unique aspects of this group within the U.S. political system in addition to shared experiences with other minority groups, particularly African Americans. Topics include bilingualism, immigration, relations with other racial and ethnic groups, and relations with other countries of origin.

POLS 2385. U.S. Health and Welfare Policy. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to U.S. social welfare policy. Emphasizes contemporary debates over welfare, mental health, healthcare, education, and Social Security reform. Examines key issues and processes related to the politics, design, and implementation of public policy in the context of the American governmental system. Incorporates multiple media and methods of instruction into the course, including lectures, in-depth class discussions, and documentary films.

POLS 2390. Science, Technology, and Public Policy. 4 Hours.

Considers the role of science and technology in the policymaking process, not only as a tool but also as a subject of policymaking. Cases include government involvement in innovation and economic growth, the role of the military in the development of science and technology, the governance and regulation of the effects of scientific and technological progress, public funding of science and technology, and ethical aspects of science and technology, including the emerging focus on anticipatory and participatory governance.

POLS 2395. Environmental Politics and Policy. 4 Hours.

Examines the political forces, governmental institutions, socioeconomic factors, and global trends that shape environmental policy at national and subnational levels in the United States. A spectrum of different environmental issues is discussed, with some comparison of policy activity in the U.S., other nations, and at the global level.

POLS 2399. Research Methods in Political Science. 4 Hours.

Examines the range of research methods and designs used in political science, based on applying the logic of social scientific inquiry. Reviews experimental research, comparative methods, case studies, interviewing, surveys, program evaluation, and other topics relevant to the discipline, as well as questions related to the practice of research ethics. Course activities include intensive writing assignments by students. Prereq. (a) At least two of the following courses: POLS 1150, POLS 1155, and POLS 1160 and (b) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102.

POLS 2400. Quantitative Techniques. 4 Hours.

Studies methods of quantitative analysis including descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, cross-tabulation, analysis of variance, bivariate regression and correlation, and multiple regression. Examines how to generate and interpret statistical findings through use of Excel, SPSS, and/or other software programs. Uses examples from political behavior, public policy analysis, public opinion, comparative and international politics, and other areas of political and social-science inquiry to emphasize practical applications. Prereq. MATH 1213, MATH 1215, MATH 1231, MATH 1241, MATH 1251, or MATH 1341.

POLS 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

POLS 2991. Research Practicum. 2-4 Hours.

Involves students in collaborative research under the supervision of a faculty member. Offers students an opportunity to learn basic research methods in the discipline. Prereq. Sophomore standing or above and permission of instructor.

POLS 3100. Gender, Social Justice, and Transnational Activism. 4 Hours.

Introduces issues, themes, and debates in feminist transnational theory, practice, and activism in contemporary contexts and how it has changed under the processes of globalization. Examines differences among women relating to race, class, sexuality, national identity, and political economy in reckoning with possibilities for sustainable social justice. Students interrogate the relationship between the local and global; the production of knowledge in different regions; the pragmatics of political mobilization; the varying contours of “social justice”; and other issues. Offers students an opportunity to discuss the impact of globalization, neoliberalism, and intimate violence on gendered politics and relations and to contend with the politics of difference, to debate its challenges, and to imagine possible futures for transnational gender justice. Cross-listed with SOCL 3100 and WMNS 3100.

POLS 3160. Campaign Strategy. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to the art of political campaigning in primary or general elections. Utilizes a case-study format to approach various aspects of campaign strategy by analyzing successful and unsuccessful campaigns. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 3162. Local Campaigns and Elections. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to the politics of local campaigns and elections. Studies the history of local electoral systems. Utilizing outcomes of recent local elections, offers students an opportunity to analyze the role of voting behavior, campaign strategies, and money in shaping local campaigns and elections. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 3300. The U.S. Congress. 4 Hours.

Explores the structures, dynamics, and styles inherent in public policymaking within the U.S. Congress. Focuses on elections; representations of constituents’ interests; the roles that participants play: the president, interest groups, and others; and how all of this is affected by the structure of Congress and the process embedded in the legislative body. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 3302. Judicial Process and Behavior. 4 Hours.

Examines the nature of the judiciary in the United States. Focuses on courts and various aspects of the judicial process, including judicial selection, judicial decision making, the impact of judicial decisions on society, and public opinion of courts. After exploring, from various methodological perspectives, how and why courts behave as they do, the course turns its attention to questions about the role of courts in U.S. politics. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 3304. Presidential Nominating Process. 4 Hours.

Offers students an in-depth examination of the process the two major American parties use to nominate their presidential candidates. Major topics include the history and evolution of the presidential nomination process; the contemporary rules regime; the behavior of candidates, voters, and the media; vice presidential selection; the role of the national conventions; and prospects for reform. Prereq. POLS 1150 or permission of instructor.

POLS 3305. The American Presidency. 4 Hours.

Examines the presidential nomination and election processes and the constitutional and extra-constitutional powers of the U.S. president. Focuses on psychological “character types” of presidents as well as the concept of “presidential power.” Considers constitutional and extra-constitutional issues related to presidential disability and succession. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 3307. Public Policy and Administration. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the structure of and dynamics inherent in public policymaking and public administration in the United States. Introduces such concepts as problem definition, agenda development, policy formation, program implementation, and policy evaluation. Covers key issues in public administration including budgeting, personnel, and organizational design. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 3309. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues in Public Policy. 4 Hours.

Examines the politics and public policies of the movement for equality and social justice for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in a wide range of state and federal policy areas such as same-sex marriage, military service, family adoption rights, and employment discrimination protection. Reviews the political history of LGBT communities and the treatment of LGBT people since the 1920s in the United States and globally. Analyzes the policy debates by considering voting behavior, trends in public opinion toward LGBT issues, and the political incorporation of LGBT people in the United States and around the world. Prereq. POLS 1150 or permission of instructor.

POLS 3310. Public Opinion, Voting, and Elections. 4 Hours.

Analyzes how Americans think about politics, how they vote, and how the rules of the U.S. electoral system affect electoral outcomes. Major topics include the nature and content of public opinion, mass partisanship, issues and issue voting, presidential and congressional elections, turnout and participation, campaign finance, and recent trends in U.S. electoral behavior. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 3315. Interest Groups and Public Policy. 4 Hours.

Surveys the roles of organized interests in American public policymaking. Examines why groups are formed, how they work, why they succeed or fail, and what cumulative impacts groups have on policy. Spans a variety of groups, from the traditional economic interests to social movements, public interest organizations, and professional lobbyists. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 3320. Politics and Mass Media. 4 Hours.

Analyzes several facets of the mass media: the role of newspapers, radio, television, and the Internet in public opinion formation; their use and effectiveness in political campaigns; their objectivity and/or bias in reporting the news; and their impact on public policymaking. Prereq. POLS 1150.

POLS 3324. Law and Society. 4 Hours.

Examines the sociological understanding of legal phenomena. Places special emphasis on the role of the law in cultural and social conflicts in American society. Prereq. Junior or senior standing.

POLS 3402. Survey Research and Polling. 4 Hours.

Teaches how to conduct data collection via survey research including research design, sampling, survey instrument construction, and interviewing. Emphasizes survey research in the social and behavioral sciences, culminating in a survey conducted by the class. Prereq. POLS 2400 or similar course in statistics recommended.

POLS 3405. International Political Economy. 4 Hours.

Addresses international political economy and how we can understand the phenomenon of globalization. Introduces the interaction between international politics and international economics in industrial countries and in developing countries. Covers several theoretical approaches to international political economy. Then analyzes some of the classic issue areas of international trade relations; foreign direct investment and outsourcing; the international monetary and financial system and the role of international institutions; debt and financial crises; and poverty and inequality. Concludes with analysis of how international political economy issues relate to governance, development, and the politics of economic reform. Prereq. POLS 1160 (may be taken concurrently) and sophomore standing or above.

POLS 3406. International Law. 4 Hours.

Introduces international law and how it redefines and shapes world politics. Offers students an opportunity to learn about the cornerstones of this area of the law: the state, organizations and their legal personality, diplomatic relations, treaties, extraterritorial jurisdiction, extradition, human rights and humanitarian law, the law of the sea trade/economic law, and international criminal law with a focus on the world courts. Considers the degree to which international law is pervasive in the life of individuals and states alike. Prereq. POLS 1160 and junior or senior standing.

POLS 3407. International Organizations. 4 Hours.

Explores the powers, functions, and effectiveness of international institutions in the context of the growing interdependence of states. Examines international organizations such as the United Nations and European Union in their roles as part of international regimes that address issues such as international security, the international political economy, and human rights. Prereq. POLS 1160.

POLS 3408. International Security. 4 Hours.

Examines pressing problems in international security that are on the agenda of nation-states and international and nongovernment organizations. Examples include armed violence, terrorism, organized crime, nuclear proliferation, poverty, infectious diseases, energy security, and environmental degradation. Responses are typically sought through international cooperation and the establishment of international norms that apply to complex problems reaching beyond the borders of any one state. Prereq. POLS 1160.

POLS 3409. Global Governance. 4 Hours.

Introduces the concept of global governance, summarizes the core architectural elements of global governance, and examines the key policy purposes and processes, as well as the principal challenges that affect international security. Prior to the creation of the United Nations, global governance hardly existed—relations among states were largely characterized by power politics, and international cooperation was circumscribed to a few areas. Since the foundation of the United Nations, ever denser networks of international regimes were formed encompassing security policy, trade, finance, environment, human rights, the oceans, and diplomacy and covering all aspects of the life of states, which affects and alters international relations. Prereq. POLS 1160 or permission of instructor.

POLS 3410. Nontraditional Security Issues. 4 Hours.

Focuses on nontraditional security issues and the importance of moving toward sustainability in a finite world. Emphasizes the challenge of balancing limited energy options, powerful negative externalities, and potentially unlimited energy demand. Using sustainability as a central theme, examines policies affecting such areas as water, food, and energy security. Considers the environmental, political, institutional, economic, and social contexts that delimit possible policy options, both nationally and internationally. Prereq. Junior or senior standing.

POLS 3412. Homeland Security Policy and Politics. 4 Hours.

Examines the issues surrounding homeland security and U.S. policy responses since the attacks of September 11, 2001. Examples include terrorism, cyber-attacks, natural and man-made disasters, infectious diseases, immigration, civil liberties, and infrastructure and community resilience. Emphasizes the evolution in strategy and organization for confronting threats along and within U.S. borders. Prereq. (a) POLS 1150 or POLS 1160 and (b) sophomore standing or above.

POLS 3413. Strategies of Conflict in International Relations. 4 Hours.

Examines concepts and strategies in international conflict. Utilizing theories of international relations and game theory, analyzes major concepts in international conflict, the logic of state preference, and interstate competition. Offers students an opportunity to conduct conceptual and empirical examinations of different types of conflict, including manifestations of war, sanctions, and diplomacy. Introduces strategies and tactics in diplomacy, international negotiation, and bargaining from a practical and theoretical perspective.

POLS 3415. Ethnic Political Violence. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the causes and consequences of contemporary ethnic political violence. Uses historical case studies and current events to provide students with examples and context. Analyzes and applies various strategies for conflict resolution. Prereq. POLS 1155 or POLS 1160.

POLS 3418. Nationalism. 4 Hours.

Explores contending theories of identity and nationalism—a powerful force in international and domestic politics. Examines topics such as the process of identity creation, the choice of national symbols, how group boundaries are established, the role of identity in conflict and state building, and the debate over nationalism’s constructed or primordial nature. Prereq. POLS 1155 or POLS 1160; sophomore standing or above.

POLS 3420. U.S. National Security Policy. 4 Hours.

Analyzes U.S. national security policy, with an emphasis on traditional and nontraditional threats, including threats from state and nonstate actors. Studies the national security policy process with special attention to developing countermeasures as well as resilience. Prereq. POLS 1155 or POLS 1160.

POLS 3423. Terrorism and Counterterrorism. 4 Hours.

Examines some of the core debates over terrorism and counterterrorism. Topics include what constitutes terrorism, why people become terrorists, which targets they attack, whether nuclear terrorism is a serious threat, the extent to which terrorism helps the perpetrators, and their motives. From there, the course introduces the student to viable counterterrorism strategies. Prereq. POLS 1150, POLS 1155, POLS 1160, or permission of instructor.

POLS 3425. U.S. Foreign Policy. 4 Hours.

Examines the formulation and conduct of U.S. foreign and national security policy, with major emphasis on the period following the end of the Cold War. Prereq. POLS 1150 or POLS 1160.

POLS 3427. Civil-Military Relations. 4 Hours.

Studies the major themes and concepts of civil-military relations. Introduces the main theories of civil-military relations to provide context for analyzing the state of this relationship in democratic, nondemocratic, and transitional states. Topics include military professionalism, praetorianism, the role of the military in civil society, and challenges faced in multiethnic states and different threat environments. Prereq. POLS 1155.

POLS 3430. Revolution, Civil War, and Insurrection. 4 Hours.

Examines the causes and consequences of revolution, civil war, and insurrection as well as internal conflicts such as military takeovers. Considers strategies for resolving conflict and building peace. Analyzes various case studies such as Russia, China, Cuba, Iraq and Afghanistan. Prereq. (a) POLS 1160 and (b) junior or senior standing.

POLS 3435. Politics and Governance of Europe and the European Union. 4 Hours.

Examines contemporary political and governance issues in Europe and their impact on Europe’s present and future. In addition to considering the values and institutions underlying the European Union’s regional structure, including political, economic, military, social, monetary, and financial issues, the course also examines the issue of European identity and the impact of globalization on Europe. Prereq. POLS 1155 or POLS 1160.

POLS 3440. Politics in Northern Ireland. 4 Hours.

Analyzes contemporary politics in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Emphasizes the conflict in Northern Ireland with particular attention paid to the roles played by the United States and Great Britain. Considers lessons for other countries.

POLS 3442. Europe and Its Eastern Neighborhood. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the competing interests of the European Union (and NATO) and Russia that dominate the politics of Eastern Europe. As EU interests expand farther eastward, Russia seeks to establish a sphere of influence to its west and south. States in an emerging buffer zone (Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Belarus) find themselves competing for influence between Eastern and Western powers. The EU must balance its energy dependence on Russia, its need for new markets, and geopolitical stability in Eurasia with its concern for human rights, democratic governance, and self-determination. What trade-offs are implicit in Europe’s Eastern policy? What are the best policy approaches? What are the main opportunities and obstacles in a newly divided Europe? Prereq. POLS 1155, POLS 1160, or permission of instructor.

POLS 3445. Politics in Central and Eastern Europe. 4 Hours.

Studies the six former Soviet bloc socialist countries, as well as Albania and Yugoslavia, and examines political, economic, social, and international problems of postcommunist development. Prereq. POLS 1155.

POLS 3450. Government and Politics in Russia. 4 Hours.

Presents an analysis of the roots of the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 and studies problems of political development after communism. Emphasizes the introduction of democracy, the movement toward a market economy, the reorganization of the military, and the control of interethnic strife. Prereq. POLS 1155.

POLS 3455. Russian Foreign Policy. 4 Hours.

Presents an analysis of the goals, methods, and achievements of Russian policy in the post-Soviet era toward Eastern Europe, Western Europe, the Middle East, Central and East Asia, and the United States against the background of Soviet behavior toward these areas in the recent past. Prereq. POLS 1155 or POLS 1160.

POLS 3457. Transatlantic Relations. 4 Hours.

Introduces a range of issues and questions surrounding transatlantic relations by providing an overview of the key theoretical frameworks within which transatlantic relations can be made intelligible (such as concepts of power, hegemony, empire). Offers students an opportunity to develop the ability to critically reflect on the nature, scope, and implications of relations between the United States and Europe. Prereq. POLS 1160.

POLS 3460. Contemporary Government and Politics in Africa. 4 Hours.

Explores contemporary politics in African nations south of the Sahara. Studies South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, and Ethiopia, among others. Examines apartheid, colonialism, Afro-Marxism, chieftaincy, development, and Pan-Africanism. Prereq. Sophomore standing or above.

POLS 3465. Government and Politics in the Middle East. 4 Hours.

Examines political, economic, military, and ideological factors within the Arab states and Israel, inter-Arab politics, pan-Arabism, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the great power rivalry in the region. Prereq. POLS 1155.

POLS 3470. Arab-Israeli Conflict. 4 Hours.

Explores the history and politics of the Arab-Israeli conflict, examining the origins of the conflict, its development over time, the key events that have shaped it, and the different narratives and perceptions of these events. Offers students an opportunity to learn about the conflict from the emergence of Zionism and Arab nationalism up to present day. Emphasizes the Israeli-Palestinian dimension of the conflict. Prereq. POLS 1160.

POLS 3475. Government and Politics in Latin America. 4 Hours.

Focuses on political change in governmental systems, political parties, socioeconomic problems, and foreign policies of Latin American states. Prereq. POLS 1155.

POLS 3480. Government and Politics in Japan. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the development of Japan’s political system since World War II. Examines Japan’s political institutions and practice of democracy in the context of its political culture; the interrelationship between business and government; and Japan’s foreign policy and security issues. Raises issues concerning Japan’s economic success and the limitations of Japan as a model for other countries. Prereq. POLS 1155.

POLS 3482. East Asian Politics. 4 Hours.

Examines the politics of East Asian societies as they cope with a variety of challenges. Focuses on economic development, environment, energy, and security in Japan, China, and the Koreas. Prereq. POLS 1155.

POLS 3485. China: Governance and Foreign Policy. 4 Hours.

Focuses on China’s political system and the major issues confronted: leadership recruitment and succession, economic policies and development, class and class struggle, political culture and socialization, human rights, civil society, the media, and both internal and external security concerns. Examines how ideology, development, culture, and the pursuit of China’s national interest affect governance.

POLS 3487. Politics of Developing Nations. 4 Hours.

Examines the political, governmental, social, economic, cultural, environmental, and geopolitical dimensions of change in nations regarded as “developing” by international standards. Covers a broad spectrum of types of nations including those in Eastern and Central Europe but pays particular attention to those in Asia, Africa, and Central and South America. Prereq. POLS 1155 or INTL 1101.

POLS 3490. Democracy in Comparative Politics. 4 Hours.

Assesses the development of democracy in a variety of nations and examines the fundamental problems facing nations in establishing and maintaining democratic forms of government. Explores ways to evaluate democratic institutional performance and the difficulties inherent in making the transition from nondemocratic to democratic systems. Prereq. (a) POLS 1150 or POLS 1155 and (b) junior or senior standing.

POLS 3496. International Relations and Sports. 4 Hours.

Examines international sports competitions and sports events from the perspective of international relations theory. Explores the process of sports diplomacy; global sports governance; and specific issues such as amateurism, competition hosting, doping, and women in sports. Considers the Olympic Games and other relevant illustrations. Prereq. POLS 1160.

POLS 3500. Sexuality, Gender, and the Law. 4 Hours.

Examines the legal regulation of gender and sexuality. Investigates concrete legal cases to study the history of constitutional interpretation and the current status of rights for women and sexual minorities. Focuses on important theoretical issues emerging in the writings of diverse feminist and queer legal scholars. Addresses debates over the value of conventional equality approaches in legal doctrine; equality vs. difference perspectives; ways in which legal language constructs gender and sexuality; the incorporation of sexuality and gender in ideologies of law; and the intersections of gender, sexuality, and race in legal doctrine and legal theory. Prereq. Sophomore standing or above. Cross-listed with WMNS 3500 and PHIL 3500.

POLS 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

POLS 4500. U.S. Constitutional Law. 4 Hours.

Uses U.S. Supreme Court decisions and other reading materials to analyze theoretical, structural, and substantive issues inherent in, and relevant to, the American constitutional system. Prereq. POLS 1150 and junior or senior standing.

POLS 4505. U.S. Civil Liberties. 4 Hours.

Uses United States Supreme Court decisions and other reading material to examine the substantive and procedural guarantees of the Bill of Rights and the Fourteenth Amendment and their relation to a liberal democratic society. Prereq. POLS 1150 and junior or senior standing.

POLS 4575. Special Topics: U.S. Politics. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the constitutional, political, economic, and societal dimensions of selected contemporary public issues in U.S. politics. Prereq. POLS 1150 and junior or senior standing.

POLS 4580. Special Topics: Comparative Politics and International Relations. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the constitutional, political, economic, and societal dimensions of selected contemporary public issues in comparative politics and international relations. Prereq. (a) POLS 1155 or POLS 1160 and (b) junior or senior standing.

POLS 4620. Literature and Politics. 4 Hours.

Uses a variety of fictional readings to gain fresh insight into basic political concepts such as power, leadership, socialization, corruption, and electoral competition. Attention is also given to contemporary issues ranging from minority rights to tobacco control, abortion, or gun control. Prereq. Junior or senior standing.

POLS 4701. Political Science Senior Capstone. 4 Hours.

Integrates and assesses the concepts and skills developed by students throughout the political science curriculum, including both experiential and classroom-based components. Requires extensive reflection by students on their various educational experiences as well as research projects involving individual and group presentations. Topics include contemporary political issues and relevant literature in the discipline of political science. Consideration is also given to career options for political science students. Required for political science majors and fulfills part of the experiential education requirement. Prereq. Senior standing; political science majors and combined majors only.

POLS 4702. Senior Thesis Preparation. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to conduct a significant research project under faculty supervision on a topic within the discipline of political science. Research question is formulated and analyzed through data gathering and a review of relevant literature in political science and related fields. This is the first semester of research for the senior thesis. Prereq. Junior or senior standing; political science majors and combined majors only.

POLS 4703. Senior Thesis. 4 Hours.

Continues POLS 4702. Offers students an opportunity to conduct a significant research project under faculty supervision on a topic within the discipline of political science. Research question is formulated and analyzed through data gathering and a review of relevant literature in political science and related fields. Prereq. POLS 4702 and and junior or senior standing; political science majors and combined majors only.

POLS 4910. Model United Nations. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to model simulations as a means of learning about international relations, diplomacy, and international organizations. Offers students an opportunity to conduct research and represent countries in current and historical simulations of the United Nations, U.N. organizations/agencies, regional international organizations, and joint cabinet crisis scenarios. Participating students have an opportunity to be selected for an off-campus competitive conference experience.

POLS 4915. Model Arab League. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to participate in teams that research assigned nations and represent those nations in a model Arab League role-playing exercise. Students may be selected to represent Northeastern University at the regional or national Model Arab League conferences in Washington, D.C., and different states.

POLS 4917. Model European Union. 4 Hours.

Offers students the opportunity to participate in teams and conduct research on political issues in assigned nations and then represent those nations in a model European Union role-playing exercise.

POLS 4918. Model NATO. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to participate in teams that research assigned nations and represent those nations in a model role-playing exercise of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Students may be selected to represent Northeastern University at the National Model NATO program in Washington, D.C. Prereq. POLS 1160.

POLS 4937. Dialogue of Civilizations: Government and Politics Abroad. 4 Hours.

Examines government and politics in another country or region of the world through faculty-led travel to that country or region. Offers students an opportunity to enhance their knowledge of government and politics by attending and participating in various educational activities in the country of study. The course begins in the United States with an introduction to the country or region and concludes with activities that facilitate reflection and learning related to the experience abroad.

POLS 4938. Dialogue of Civilizations: International Politics Abroad. 4 Hours.

Examines issues in international politics through faculty-led travel outside the United States. Offers students an opportunity to enhance their knowledge of international politics by attending and participating in various educational activities in another country. Course topics cover a range of interconnected global issues that go beyond states’ borders, possibly including armed conflict, terrorism, organized crime, poverty, environmental degradation, the spread of nuclear weapons, and others. The course begins in the United States with an introduction to the relevant topics in international politics and concludes with activities that facilitate reflection and learning related to the experience abroad.

POLS 4942. Internship in Politics. 4 Hours.

Gives students the opportunity to engage in a political or governmental internship under the supervision of a faculty member with departmental approval. Prereq. 64 SH toward degree.

POLS 4944. Student Leadership Practicum. 4 Hours.

Considers how undergraduate students make pivotal contributions to governance, services, and the quality of daily life at Northeastern University through student government and other activities, ranging from residential services to publication of the campus newspaper. Gives students involved in such on-campus leadership roles an opportunity to participate in a course-based seminar related directly to their service. The objective is to incorporate student leadership into the general framework of experiential education by such means as reflective discussions, meetings with University administrators, group projects, and exposure to academic perspectives on leadership. As part of this practicum, students participate in parts of the “President’s Leadership Institute,” a module-based exploration of leadership principles within both educational and community settings.

POLS 4947. Campaign and Elections Practicum. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to work on local and statewide political campaigns under the supervision of a member of the faculty and a campaign staff member. Students research the political climate and recent historical details of a campaign’s geographic area; apply facts, information, and campaign strategy to the process of campaigning; and discuss progress of their campaign experience in class sessions. Requires students to produce pre- and postelection analysis and reflection papers. Prereq. POLS 3160 or POLS 3162.

POLS 4948. Community-Based Research Practicum. 4 Hours.

Involves students in applied social research projects that are defined in partnership with local civic, public affairs, and social service groups. Students collaborate on a final report that is presented to the community partner at the end of the course.

POLS 4970. Junior/Senior Honors Project 1. 4 Hours.

Focuses on in-depth project in which a student conducts research or produces a product related to the student’s major field. Combined with Junior/Senior Project 2 or college-defined equivalent for 8-credit honors project.

POLS 4971. Junior/Senior Honors Project 2. 4 Hours.

Focuses on second semester of in-depth project in which a student conducts research or produces a product related to the student’s major field. Prereq. POLS 4970.

POLS 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

POLS 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

POLS 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior or senior standing.

POLS 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

POLS 4996. Experiential Education Directed Study. 4 Hours.

Draws upon the student’s approved experiential activity and integrates it with study in the academic major. Restricted to those students who are using it to fulfill their experiential education requirement.

POLS 5101. Special Topics in Politics and Political Science. 3 Hours.

Examines current issues and special topics in the areas of political science, politics, and public affairs. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

POLS 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers assigned reading under the supervision of a faculty member. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

POLS 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

POLS 5984. Research. 1-4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

POLS 6400. Planning Module in Urban and Regional Policy. 1 Hour.

Relates a professional activity to urban and regional planning.

POLS 6525. Institutions and Public Policy. 3 Hours.

Blends theoretical literature and case studies to examine problems of policymaking and governance in contemporary political systems, emphasizing the policy impacts of political institutions. Studies systematic variations across types of political institutions and regimes in developed and developing nations and extends beyond the nation-state to address policy dynamics (e.g., harmonization, multilevel governance) in supranational and international systems. Establishes the broader political system contexts within which policy formation and implementation reside. Offers students an opportunity to learn to analyze, synthesize, and apply a range of theoretical literatures relevant to policy design and impact. Cross-listed with PPUA 6525.

POLS 6960. Exam Preparation—Master’s. 0 Hours.

Offers the student the opportunity to prepare for the master’s qualifying exam under faculty supervision.

POLS 6962. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

POLS 6966. Practicum. 1-4 Hours.

Provides eligible students with an opportunity for practical experience.

POLS 7000. Qualifying Exam. 0 Hours.

Provides eligible students with an opportunity to take the master’s qualifying exam.

POLS 7200. Perspectives on Social Science Inquiry. 3 Hours.

Explores the philosophy of science and the scientific method as applied to the social sciences and political analysis. Considers individualist perspectives (that is, rational choice), group perspectives (pluralism), structural/institutional perspectives (class analysis), and postmodern critiques.

POLS 7201. Research Design. 3 Hours.

Provides an overview of research methods and tools used by social scientists including survey research, elite interviews, statistical approaches, case studies, comparative analysis, use of history, and experimental/nonexperimental design.

POLS 7202. Quantitative Techniques. 3 Hours.

Teaches the use of social science quantitative techniques, emphasizing applications of value to public sector analysts and scholars alike. Includes descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, cross-tabulation, bivariate regression and correlation, and multiple regression. Examines how to generate and interpret statistical analyses through use of SPSS.

POLS 7204. Seminar in Public Policy. 3 Hours.

Concentrates on the scope of the study of public policy, disciplinary contributions to policy analysis and the study of public policy, methods of policy analysis, and models of policy processes.

POLS 7205. Seminar in American Government and Politics. 3 Hours.

Focuses on major research approaches and corresponding academic literature in U.S. politics. Examines the scholarly analysis of key actors in U.S. politics, including the presidency, Congress, the judiciary, and political parties.

POLS 7206. Seminar in Comparative Politics. 3 Hours.

Focuses on major research paradigms within comparative politics, including political culture, structuralism, and rational choice. Examines major research fields in the discipline, including democratization, nationalism, ethnic politics, political economy, and political parties.

POLS 7207. Seminar in International Relations. 3 Hours.

Focuses on major research approaches and corresponding academic literature in international relations. Examines major fields of study, including international security, international regimes, international organizations, globalization, and international political economy.

POLS 7215. Advanced Quantitative Techniques. 3 Hours.

Covers multivariate statistical models and their applications to social science data. Covers the ordinary least squares (OLS) regression model and the assumptions underlying it in detail, as well as the techniques for analyzing data when OLS assumptions do not apply, such as simultaneous equation models, time series models, and maximum likelihood techniques for limited and discrete dependent variables. This is a second-semester course in quantitative techniques for graduate students in the social sciences. Prereq. POLS 7202 or SOCL 7210.

POLS 7216. Applied Cases in Advanced Quantitative Methodology. 3 Hours.

Introduces special topics and techniques in advanced statistical analysis and related research methodologies for students preparing for administrative and analytical positions in nonacademic settings. Focuses on case-study material with an applied orientation to examine such topics as index creation, demographic analysis, administrative “report cards,” content analysis, program evaluation, survey research and sampling, and planning methodology. Prereq. POLS 7202 or equivalent.

POLS 7250. American Political Institutions and Processes. 3 Hours.

Analyzes the constitutional system and national government institutions, focusing on the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Examines political parties and pressure groups and their role in the policy process.

POLS 7251. Congress and Policy. 3 Hours.

Assesses the role of Congress in making public policy. Examines the impacts of congressional elections, the structure of the legislative branch, and the effects of other actions (the president, mass media, or interest groups) on legislative branch behavior.

POLS 7252. The American Presidency. 3 Hours.

Studies the institutional and personal factors that affect the exercise of presidential power as well as the development of constitutional and extraconstitutional presidential powers. Examines the role of the president in formulating and executing domestic and foreign policy.

POLS 7253. American Constitutional History and Theory. 3 Hours.

Examines American constitutional history, with a particular interest in constitutional change. Examines how the Constitution was written and amended, and how the Supreme Court has interpreted the Constitution over time. Also focuses on how the Constitution serves as an instrument of popular power and a symbol of political ideals.

POLS 7254. Campaigns and Elections. 3 Hours.

Studies campaign tactics and strategies as well as classic and contemporary scholarly literature on elections.

POLS 7255. American Political Parties and Elections. 3 Hours.

Focuses on American political parties and includes analyses of party organizations and decision-making systems, leader/activist differences in policy and ideology, party reform, policy commitments, campaign finance, media, voting behavior, and an overview and assessment of contemporary elections and campaigns.

POLS 7257. The U.S. Judicial Process. 3 Hours.

Studies the judicial process in the United States, emphasizing federal courts. Focuses on theories and empirical research regarding judicial decision making, how and why judges decide what they do, and with what political effects.

POLS 7258. Interest Groups and Social Movements. 3 Hours.

Surveys the role of interest groups and social movements. Emphasizes the factors motivating elites and ordinary members to organize and participate in collective action.

POLS 7280. Ancient and Medieval Thought. 3 Hours.

Focuses on the development of political thought from Greek antiquity to the early modern period utilizing both historical and analytical approaches. Considers the cultural, social, and intellectual context within which political theories develop.

POLS 7281. Modern Political Thought. 3 Hours.

Examines political thought from the early modern period to the twentieth century. Considers the cultural, social, and intellectual context within which political theories develop.

POLS 7282. Contemporary Political Thought. 3 Hours.

Explores the main currents of political thought during the twentieth century, with emphasis on the relations between political theory, philosophy, and political science.

POLS 7283. Trends in American Political Thought. 3 Hours.

Examines intellectual concepts and movements that have informed and influenced American political life from the Revolutionary period to the present, with emphasis on those ideas that animate the making of public policy.

POLS 7312. Intergovernmental Relations. 3 Hours.

Offers an institutional-behavioral analysis of the changing relationship among the various levels of American government-national, state, and local-relating the pattern of change to the social and economic forces that underlie it.

POLS 7313. State Government. 3 Hours.

Appraises the problems of contemporary state government in the United States. Emphasizes the diversity of political institutions, political processes, and public policies in the states.

POLS 7314. Urban Government and Politics. 3 Hours.

Explores issues and problems in urban government, such as legal dependence, government finance and administration, rapid growth of suburban and metropolitan areas, and decline and decay of the central city.

POLS 7319. Business/Government Relations. 3 Hours.

Extensively examines the relationship between the United States government and the private economy from an historical and a contemporary perspective. Analyzes a number of public policy areas in which public and private actors interact. Examines stabilization policy, regulation, antitrust, and social welfare policy in the context of alternative interpretations of the United States political economy.

POLS 7325. Contemporary Issues in Third World Development. 3 Hours.

Examines the major themes in development studies today. Explores approaches to the development and production, population growth, equity and poverty, rural and urban development, health and nutrition, education, and the international context of development assistance. Students considering a development administration concentration should try to take this course as their first in the field of development.

POLS 7331. Environmental Policy and Politics. 3 Hours.

Explores debates surrounding the making of environmental policy in the United States and other nations. Examines the nature of environmental problems, how the structures of political systems affect policymaking, and the competing interests at work in environmental politics. Also discusses environmental policy in cross-national and international perspectives.

POLS 7332. Gender and Politics. 3 Hours.

Explores the relationship between gender and politics from cross-national perspectives with a focus on major policy issues, such as women’s political equality, reproductive rights, sports, sex trafficking, and the welfare state. Emphasizes how policies based on democratic principles premised on individual equality, compared to those based on group differences, generate opportunities or obstacles for women’s political inclusion.

POLS 7333. Science, Technology, and Public Policy. 3 Hours.

Discusses the impacts of breakthroughs in science and technology on politics and public policy making—and how politics in turn influences scientific research and technological development. Examines differences between scientific and democratic values, competing definitions of rationality, the nature of problems, policy-making processes, questions of intellectual property rights, and debates over risk assessment, including the “precautionary principle.” Focuses primarily on the United States but with comparisons to the European Union and other areas of the world. Anchors discussion in such areas as (for example) biotechnology, nanotechnology, alternative energy sources, and artificial intelligence.

POLS 7334. Social Networks. 3 Hours.

Offers an overview of the literature on social networks, with literature from political science, sociology, economics, and physics. Analyzes the underlying topology of networks and how we visualize and analyze network data. Key topics include small-world literature and the spread of information and disease. Prereq. CRIM 7205, ECON 5105, POLS 7202, SOCL 7215, or permission of instructor.

POLS 7336. Social Capital and Resilience. 3 Hours.

Examines the role of social capital as in trust, governance, and economics. Focuses on networks and connections in disasters and resilience around the world. Cross-listed with PPUA 7336.

POLS 7341. Security and Resilience Policy. 3 Hours.

Examines the post-9/11 evolution of security and the new emphasis on bolstering societal, infrastructure, system, and network resilience. Emphasizes the complex organizational; jurisdictional (international, federal, state, and local); private-sector; and civil-society issues associated with managing the risk of terrorism, cyber-attacks, and naturally occurring disasters. Topics include policy development and implementation of critical infrastructure protection, cybersecurity, supply chain security, disaster management, and community resilience. Coreq. POLS 7342 required for students in the College of Engineering and students in the MS program in security and resilience.

POLS 7342. Security and Resilience Studies Toolkit. 1 Hour.

Develops and applies theories, concepts, and policies in security and resilience studies. Requires students to complete assignments pertaining to security and resilience supplementary to existing course material.

POLS 7343. Counterterrorism. 3 Hours.

Examines the most important empirical and theoretical debates on counterterrorism. Analyzes the motives and strategies of key actors in the development of approaches to counterterrorism.

POLS 7344. Hard Power, Soft Power, and Smart Power. 3 Hours.

Examines different forms of power in an international context. Includes conceptual and empirical examinations of the various types of power, the actors who have power, and the contexts under which power is exercised.

POLS 7345. Theories and Concepts in Civil-Military Relations. 3 Hours.

Examines the nature of civil-military relations in a theoretical and comparative framework. Emphasizes the state of civil-military relations as having serious ramifications for state security, political stability, and democratic governance. Topics include coercion and governance, praetorianism, the role of the military in civil society, and the nature of civil-military relations in different threat environments.

POLS 7346. Resilient Cities. 3 Hours.

Examines the characteristics of resilient cities, especially those located in coastal regions. Investigates the capacity of cities to respond to major disruptions to their social and ecological systems. Includes extensive use of case studies, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and Hurricane Katrina in 2005, as well as readings on cities and social systems. Offers students an opportunity to analyze an urban area and provide recommendations for improving its resilience. Cross-listed with PPUA 7346.

POLS 7347. Controversial Issues in Security Studies. 1 Hour.

Examines important issues and challenges in security studies. Includes interaction with local and international security scholars and practitioners. Analyzes security threats and challenges in practical and theoretical terms.

POLS 7348. Strategies of Conflict in International Relations. 3 Hours.

Examines different strategies and concepts in international conflict. Includes conceptual and empirical examination of the various types of conflict, including manifestations of war, sanctions, and diplomacy. Introduces students to strategies and tactics in international negotiation and bargaining.

POLS 7349. European Foreign and Security Policy. 3 Hours.

Examines the main debates surrounding European foreign and security policy, from an internal, European Union (EU) perspective as well as an external, global perspective. Topics include both theory and policy. Delves into the inner workings of the EU alongside the implications for NATO.

POLS 7350. Seminar in Comparative and International Politics and Policy. 3 Hours.

Highlights the nature of politics and public policy making in a comparative and global setting. Questions how policy making is affected by regime type, such as democratic or authoritarian governments. Ideology, culture, and the level of economic development are also important factors in shaping public policy. Emphasizes the role of international institutions, such as the World Bank and European Union, and the development of other transnational organizations in policy making in a global arena.

POLS 7351. Democratization and Governance. 3 Hours.

Explores the post-Cold War democratic challenge to authoritarian, military, one-party, and dictatorial regimes throughout the Third World. Examines criteria for assessing the strength and success of democratization and the methods of foreign donors to promote it. Also explores the linkage between democracy and development.

POLS 7352. Democratization: Basic Approaches. 3 Hours.

Examines the fundamental questions and the basic thinking that has guided approaches to the study of democratic development. Focuses on the works of such influential thinkers as Lucien Pye, Samuel Huntington, Guillermo O’Donnell, S.M. Lipset, Alfred Stepan, Robert Bates, Joseph LaPalombara, and others whose work set the parameters for study in institution building and political representation in emerging democratic societies.

POLS 7353. Comparative Democracies. 3 Hours.

Reviews recent approaches to studying and understanding democratic political development in selected areas of the world. Attention is given to Africa, Latin America, Eastern Europe, and Asia in differing degrees in various years and depending on ongoing developments. Focuses on the current research on institution-building including legislative assemblies, political parties and elections, and the democratic values of elites and masses, among other things, as they impact on the process of democratic representation.

POLS 7354. Comparative Political Parties and Electoral Systems. 3 Hours.

Examines the critical linkage function of political parties and elections in democratic societies. Explores materials on political parties in comparative perspective, including those in advanced democratic societies and emerging democratic nations. Focuses on the organization, coalitional nature, activities, and policymaking impact of political parties in furthering democratic ends and of electoral systems in providing different levels of political representation. Also analyzes the influence of comparative electoral arrangements and systems in shaping nature and quality of political representation.

POLS 7355. Comparative Constitutionalism. 3 Hours.

Compares dimensions of American constitutional law and civil liberties with developments in courts from around the world. Key readings include cases from Canada’s Supreme Court, Germany’s Bundesverfassungsgerichts, France’s Conseil Constitutionnel, Britain’s House of Lords, South Africa’s Constitutional Court, and the European Court of Human Rights, dealing with freedom of expression, federal-state relations, church-state relations, freedom of conscience, equality and social welfare rights, and privacy and personal autonomy.

POLS 7356. Comparative Political Economy. 3 Hours.

Compares national economic policies in such areas as banking regulation, taxes, welfare, environmental protection, and privatization in up to five countries each semester. Examines the impacts of the type of political system (presidential democracy, parliamentary democracy, modernizing military regime, and so on) and the organization of the central government bureaucracy on public policy choices. Countries studied include both advanced industrial nations (the United States, Britain, Japan, France, or Germany) and developing countries (Mexico, Brazil, South Korea, or India).

POLS 7357. International Political Economy. 3 Hours.

Addresses international political economy and how we can understand the phenomenon of globalization. Offers a graduate-level introduction to the interaction between international politics and international economics in both industrial countries and developing countries. Introduces several theoretical approaches to international political economy and analyzes some of the classic issue areas of international trade relations, such as the international monetary and financial system; foreign direct investment and multinational corporations, debt, and development; the role of international political, economic, and financial institutions; and globalization.

POLS 7359. International Law. 3 Hours.

Investigates the development of legal principles and norms in relation to the international political system, particularly focusing on the role and interpretation of law within the United Nations and World Court contexts. Examines issues such as sovereignty and international jurisdiction, treaty interpretation, the peaceful resolution of disputes, and the use of U.N. peacekeeping forces.

POLS 7360. Ethnic Political Conflict. 3 Hours.

Analyzes ethnic political violence from an international perspective. Undertakes in-depth analysis of key international examples. Focuses on causes and consequences of ethnic conflict as well as policy options for conflict resolution.

POLS 7361. U.S. National Security Policy. 3 Hours.

Analyzes U.S. national security policy, with emphasis on the various forms of war that threaten the United States and world security.

POLS 7362. Nationalism. 3 Hours.

Focuses on contending theories of nationalism and nationalist movements. Topics include cultural objectification and the establishment of group boundaries, ethnic elites and cultural hegemony, mass mobilization, intergroup socioeconomic disparities, nationalism and modernity, nationalist parties and their policy strategies, and the “constitution” of race, particularly in the Americas.

POLS 7363. Politics of Revolution and Change. 3 Hours.

Analyzes revolution and political change with attention to both theory and practice. Discusses revolution, major trends in contemporary politics, and the relationship between political change and technological, scientific, or social change.

POLS 7364. Terrorism, Violence, and Politics. 3 Hours.

Analyzes the theory and practice of terror, violence, coercion, force, and threats in political life.

POLS 7365. Totalitarianism and Oppressive Government. 3 Hours.

Analyzes totalitarianism and dictatorship including a study of their historical background and fundamental characteristics, as well as theories of the origin, nature, and significance of totalitarianism.

POLS 7366. Genocide in a Comparative Perspective. 3 Hours.

Takes an interdisciplinary approach (that is, history, political science, and sociology) to the study of genocide. Examines the meaning of the concept in historical and philosophical terms, the societal and psychological causes of genocide, and specific cases throughout history, with emphasis on more recent episodes.

POLS 7367. U.S. Foreign Policy. 3 Hours.

Examines the theory and practice of U.S. foreign and national security policy. Focuses on selected issues since the end of the Second World War, with emphasis on contemporary policies and challenges.

POLS 7369. International Security. 3 Hours.

Examines key problems in international security that are faced by nation-states and international and nongovernment organizations. Examples include armed violence, terrorism, organized crime, nuclear proliferation, poverty, and energy security. Explores responses that include international cooperation and the establishment of international norms. Analyzes related literature and theoretical perspectives.

POLS 7370. Europe and European Union Governance. 3 Hours.

Surveys the institutions, processes, and value constructs that structure political, economic, military, monetary, financial, and cultural activity in Europe, with an emphasis on the effect of the European Union and the challenges it presents.

POLS 7371. Government and Politics of Central and Eastern Europe. 3 Hours.

Analyzes the politics of the former Soviet Bloc countries since the prospects for stable political development and successful economic growth in the postcommunist era.

POLS 7373. Government and Politics of Russia. 3 Hours.

Examines the roots and causes of the disintegration of the former Soviet Union. Focuses on postcommunist Russia’s development of democracy, introduction of the free market, and maintenance of interethnic peace and national unity.

POLS 7376. Government and Politics of the Middle East. 3 Hours.

Examines the political and economic structures of the Arab states, Iran, Turkey, and Israel as well as inter-Arab politics and interstate conflict in the area. Emphasis is on Islam and politics, gender politics, and civil society.

POLS 7377. Arab-Israeli Conflict. 3 Hours.

Explores the history and politics of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Examines the origins of the conflict, its development over time, the key events that have shaped it, and the different narratives and perceptions of these events. Covers the conflict from the emergence of Zionism and Arab nationalism up to the present day. Examines the entire Arab-Israeli conflict but particularly emphasizes the Israeli-Palestinian dimension of the conflict.

POLS 7379. Chinese Politics and Foreign Policy. 3 Hours.

Examines the impact of ideology, development, and culture on the major issues in Chinese politics since the Communist Party took control in 1949. Issues include leadership recruitment and succession, economic development, class and class struggle, political culture, education, socialist democracy, socialist legality, and the evolving definition of socialism in the context of Chinese culture. Also examines major principles and issues in China’s foreign relations, such as trade, investment, technology transfer, military and strategic policy, and China’s role in the United Nations and other international organizations.

POLS 7380. Japanese Politics and Foreign Policy. 3 Hours.

Examines the development of Japan’s political system since World War II. Focuses on Japan’s institutions and democratic practices in the context of political culture, the interrelationship between business, politics, and government, Japan’s foreign policy and international trade practices, as well as its business practices and media. Also looks at major social and political issues including the treatment of foreigners and minorities, the educational system, and the role of women.

POLS 7381. U.S.-East Asia Relations. 3 Hours.

Analyzes U.S. relations with the east Asian countries of Japan, Korea, and China. Topics include trade issues, human rights concerns, security arrangements, development and democratization, and investment and aid programs. Also discusses regional economic, trade, security, and development institutions—such as ASEAN, APEC, and ARF—as well as the role of the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund in east Asia.

POLS 7382. Politics of Developing Nations. 3 Hours.

Considers the process of political development in the Third World including both internal and international issues such as leadership patterns, the role of the military and political parties, and underlying economic and social factors.

POLS 7383. Government and Politics of Latin America. 3 Hours.

Investigates contemporary Latin American politics, emphasizing formal political institutions and informal political processes under alternate national political “games,” such as traditional authoritarianism, populism, modernizing military rule, the postrevolutionary regime, and elite or mass democracy.

POLS 7384. Government and Politics of Africa. 3 Hours.

Compares the political systems and foreign policies of selected African nations south of the Sahara.

POLS 7385. Transatlantic Relations. 3 Hours.

Explores the issues and questions surrounding E.U.-U.S. relations. Offers an overview of different approaches and perspectives designed to help students to understand the transatlantic relationship. Examines specific themes and issue areas for E.U.-U.S. relations, such as those arising from the political, economic, security, foreign policy, and environmental spheres.

POLS 7386. Europe and Its Eastern Neighborhood. 3 Hours.

Examines competing interests of the European Union, NATO, and Russia in Eastern Europe. Offers students an opportunity to analyze Eastern European politics in many issue areas, including self-determination, democratic governance, human rights, domestic and international security, and economic growth and stability.

POLS 7387. Global Governance. 3 Hours.

Introduces the concept of global governance and the core architectural elements of the current system of global governance. Examines the key policy purposes and tasks carried out by global governance processes.

POLS 7388. Public Diplomacy. 3 Hours.

Explores the intersection of international relations theory and public diplomacy to explain how a nation’s government or society seeks to project itself to external audiences in ways that improve these foreign publics’ perception of that nation. Takes a comparative, case-study approach that includes the public diplomacy of China, India, the European Union, the United States, and others. Offers students an opportunity to obtain a foundation to understand the intersection of foreign policy, identity, and images of nations.

POLS 7389. International Relations of the Middle East. 3 Hours.

Examines the international politics of the Middle East region. Covers methodological and theoretical issues involved in the study of the Middle East as well as formation of the modern Middle East state system and the region’s history in the Cold War and post–Cold War periods. Addresses major themes and issues, including political economy, globalization, and the impact of states outside the Middle East on the region’s international relations.

POLS 7390. Topical Seminar in American Politics. 3 Hours.

Examines current issues in the area of American government and politics.

POLS 7391. Topical Seminar in Political Thought. 3 Hours.

Examines current issues in the area of political thought.

POLS 7392. Topical Seminar in Public Policy and Administration. 3 Hours.

Examines current issues in the area of public administration.

POLS 7393. Topical Seminar in Comparative Politics. 3 Hours.

Examines current issues in the area of comparative government and politics.

POLS 7394. Topical Seminar in International Relations. 3 Hours.

Examines current issues in the area of international relations.

POLS 7407. Internship in Politics and Public Administration. 1-6 Hours.

Offers work experience (at least fifteen hours per week) that includes planning, research, policy development, and other administrative aspects in a government or nonprofit organization.

POLS 7441. Cyberconflict in the International System. 3 Hours.

Examines the literature, policy reports, and important news stories about the domain of cybersecurity and conflict. Analyzes contending perspectives on the role and impact of cybersecurity in the international system. Utilizes social science theories and methods to explore this method of conflict.

POLS 7442. Homeland Security and Resilience Law and Policy. 3 Hours.

Examines homeland security and resilience policy through the lens of its legal framework. Analyzes security and federal emergency management legislation, executive actions, and related case law in their effects on decision making related to homeland security and advancing societal resilience. Examines the multijurisdictional challenges associated with federalism as it relates to the development of security- and resilience-related law and policy.

POLS 7704. Critical Infrastructure Resilience. 4 Hours.

Explores the growing vulnerability of our human-made built environment to a range of risks. Using the new paradigm centered on the concept of resilience, examines how best to safeguard the critical foundations that provide transport, communications, water, energy, and other essential functions in the face of disasters, growing urbanization, climate change, and globalization. Identifies solutions that are scientifically credible, informed by data and sound engineering principles, while concurrently grounded in an understanding of social and policy imperatives. Offers students an opportunity to apply the skills and knowledge acquired in the course to a real-life example through a group project.

POLS 7962. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

POLS 7976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers assigned reading under the supervision of a faculty member.

POLS 7978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

POLS 7980. Capstone Project. 3-6 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to complete a specialized research or applied project in political science or security studies as part of the master’s degree. Designed to meet the specific learning and research interests of the student. Learning experience is based on group or individual activities that meet agreed-upon benchmarks with the instructor and may involve activities with government or nongovernment organizations. Scope of the project varies by credit hours earned.

POLS 7990. Thesis. 1-6 Hours.

Offers thesis supervision by individual members of the department.

POLS 7996. Thesis Continuation. 0 Hours.

Offers continued thesis supervision by individual members of the department.

POLS 8400. Planning Module in Urban and Regional Policy. 1 Hour.

Relates a professional activity to urban and regional planning. Prereq. Architecture majors only.

POLS 8407. Internship. 3,6 Hours.

Offers work experience (at least fifteen hours per week) that includes planning, research, policy development, and other administrative aspects in a government or nonprofit organization.

POLS 8960. Exam Preparation—Doctoral. 0 Hours.

Offers the student the opportunity to prepare for the PhD qualifying exam under faculty supervision.

POLS 8966. Practicum. 1-4 Hours.

Provides eligible students with an opportunity for practical experience.

POLS 8982. Readings. 1-4 Hours.

Offers selected readings under the supervision of a faculty member.

POLS 8984. Research. 1-4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

POLS 8986. Research. 0 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct full-time research under faculty supervision.

POLS 9000. PhD Candidacy Achieved. 0 Hours.

Indicates successful completion of the doctoral comprehensive exam.

POLS 9984. Research. 1-4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

POLS 9986. Research. 0 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct full-time research under faculty supervision.

POLS 9990. Dissertation. 0 Hours.

Offers dissertation supervision by individual members of the department.

POLS 9996. Dissertation Continuation. 0 Hours.

Offers continued dissertation supervision by individual members of the department.