Languages, Literatures, and Cultures

Website

José Buscaglia-Salgado, PhD
Chair

201 Renaissance Park
617.373.2234
617.373.2298 (fax)

The study of languages can benefit all students, regardless of their majors. The multicultural world in which we live requires increased communication among varied and often divergent cultures. Learning a new language and its culture enables students to cross cultural barriers and to achieve a more cosmopolitan, open-minded, and sensitive view of the world.

The major seeks to ensure that students become as fluent as possible in a given language and introduces them to the relevant culture of that language. For this reason, the students take a number of language classes as well as literature, cinema, and general civilization courses. In addition, students are required to participate in study abroad and are urged to consider participating in international co-op, which prepares students to function on an everyday level in a foreign country.

The major is currently available in Spanish. It is possible to minor in Arabic, Chinese, French, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Russian, or Spanish.

A major in a language can form the basis for careers in teaching at the elementary, secondary, or college level; international business relations; high-tech fields; government service; journalism; library science; world affairs; travel; and community service, especially in Spanish-speaking areas.

Academic Progression Standards

Same as university-wide standards described under “Academic Status.”
 

Arabic Courses

ARAB 1101. Elementary Arabic 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of Modern Standard Arabic. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Uses practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, and aims at good pronunciation and ease in response. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with various audio-visual resources.

ARAB 1102. Elementary Arabic 2. 4 Hours.

Continues ARAB 1101. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with various audio-visual resources. Prereq. ARAB 1101 or ARAB 1301.

ARAB 1301. Elementary Arabic Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ARAB 1302. Elementary Arabic Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ARAB 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

ARAB 2101. Intermediate Arabic 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current standard Arabic materials. Prereq. ARAB 1102 or ARAB 1302.

ARAB 2102. Intermediate Arabic 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on ARAB 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current standard Arabic materials. Prereq. (a) ARAB 2101 or ARAB 2301 and (b) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102.

ARAB 2301. Intermediate Arabic Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ARAB 2302. Intermediate Arabic Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ARAB 2701. Intensive Arabic 2. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to develop proficiency in modern standard Arabic and in developing knowledge of spoken Arabic, especially the Egyptian and Levantine dialects. Focuses on building language skills and mastering more vocabulary and grammar. Includes short readings, composition exercises, review of basic Arabic grammar, and extensive training in listening and conversation. The textbook is supplemented with material that includes print media, audios, and videos. Some of the material is available on the companion Web site for the textbook, Al-Kitaab; other material is prepared by the instructor. Requires students to purchase access to the Web site. Seeks to complete all thirteen units of Al-Kitaab by the end of the course. Pereq. ARAB 1701 or ARAB 1102.

ARAB 2900. Specialized Instruction in Arabic. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

ARAB 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

ARAB 3101. Advanced Arabic 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. ARAB 2102 or ARAB 2302.

ARAB 3102. Advanced Arabic 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on ARAB 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. ARAB 3101 or ARAB 3301.

ARAB 3301. Advanced Arabic Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

ARAB 3302. Advanced Arabic Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

ARAB 3701. Intensive Arabic 3. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to build language skills and master more advanced vocabulary and grammar. Focuses on developing proficiency in standard and spoken Arabic to a degree where similarities and differences between the two are analyzed and assimilated. Includes readings of medium length, composition exercises, review of Arabic grammar, listening skills, and conversation practice in standard Arabic and in one of the two dialects introduced in ARAB 1701 and ARAB 2701 (ARAB 4701 focuses on the other dialect). Begins with a brief review of Al-Kitaab 1 and moves on to the first half of Al-Kitaab 2. To prepare students for ARAB 4701, the class devotes at least one full weekly meeting to media Arabic. Prereq. ARAB 2701 or ARAB 2102.

ARAB 3800. Special Topics in Arabic. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Arabic language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

ARAB 3900. Specialized Instruction in Arabic. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

ARAB 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

ARAB 4701. Intensive Arabic 4. 4 Hours.

Continues with the approaches of ARAB 3701 to build language skills toward higher proficiency in both standard and spoken Arabic. Offers students an opportunity to use their knowledge in one to enhance their skills in the other by studying and analyzing the similarities and differences between the two. Includes readings, composition exercises, review of Arabic grammar, listening skills, and conversation practice in standard Arabic and in one of the two dialects introduced in ARAB 1701 and ARAB 2701—Egyptian or Levantine. Continues with and finishes Al-Kitaab 2. Offers students an opportunity to achieve proficiency equivalent to “advanced intermediate.” Prereq. ARAB 3701 or ARAB 3102.

ARAB 4800. Special Topics in Arabic. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Arabic language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

ARAB 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

ARAB 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

ARAB 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

ARAB 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

ARAB 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

ARAB 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

Chinese Courses

CHNS 1101. Elementary Chinese 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who have very little or no prior knowledge of Chinese. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. The audio-lingual approach, using practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, aims at good pronunciation and ease in response. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in China and the varied cultures within the world of Chinese speakers. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources. Focuses on Mandarin Chinese; students who wish to speak another dialect of Chinese should consult instructor for proper placement.

CHNS 1102. Elementary Chinese 2. 4 Hours.

Continues CHNS 1101. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources. Prereq. CHNS 1101 or CHNS 1301.

CHNS 1201. Elementary Chinese 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Description to come. Prereq. International business majors only.

CHNS 1202. Elementary Chinese 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Description to come. Prereq. CHNS 1201 or CHNS 1301; international business majors only.

CHNS 1301. Elementary Chinese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Chinese. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

CHNS 1302. Elementary Chinese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Chinese. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

CHNS 1501. Elementary Chinese 1 for Heritage Speakers. 4 Hours.

Designed for those who are skilled in spoken Chinese as a heritage language but have yet to learn basic Chinese reading and writing. Focuses on reading, writing, and grammar, along with improvement of oral communication skills. Covers some 370 basic Chinese characters. Also introduces Chinese phonetics, pinyin, as well as the structure of Chinese characters.

CHNS 1502. Elementary Chinese 2 for Heritage Speakers. 4 Hours.

Designed for those students who have finished CHNS 1501 or equivalent and who have learned basic Chinese reading and writing techniques. Seeks to help them to move on a fast track beyond the beginner level to the intermediate university level. Strongly focuses on Chinese reading and writing skills, with more sophisticated sentences and paragraphs. Offers students an opportunity to develop writing skills to a functional literacy level, allowing them to carry out a number of practical writing tasks. Also aims to prepare students for CHNS 2102. Prereq. CHNS 1501 or permission of instructor.

CHNS 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

CHNS 2101. Intermediate Chinese 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current Chinese periodicals. Allows students to engage actively in communication within various contexts and reviews the more subtle problems of grammar and writing style. This communicative class is for intermediate or advanced learners. It is especially suitable for Asian-American students who have some knowledge of certain Chinese dialects (that is, Cantonese and a level of language competence equal to two semesters of college Chinese) and want to learn Mandarin Chinese through reading, writing, and discussion. Prereq. CHNS 1102 or CHNS 1302.

CHNS 2102. Intermediate Chinese 2. 4 Hours.

Continues CHNS 2101. Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current Chinese periodicals. Prereq. CHNS 1502, CHNS 2101, or CHNS 2301.

CHNS 2151. Intermediate Chinese for Business Purposes. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes communicating in a business environment, tailoring grammar and sentence pattern coverage, vocabulary, and cultural topics to a business setting. Combines contemporary business topics and intermediate business Chinese. Offers students an opportunity to be prepared to communicate in speaking and writing in a business setting in China and with a better understanding of the current business culture in China. Prereq. CHNS 2101, CHNS 2201, CHNS 2301, or permission of instructor.

CHNS 2201. Intermediate Chinese 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CHNS 1202. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. CHNS 1202 or CHNS 1302; international business majors only.

CHNS 2202. Intermediate Chinese 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CNHS 2201. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. CHNS 2201 or CHNS 2301; international business majors only.

CHNS 2301. Intermediate Chinese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

CHNS 2302. Intermediate Chinese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

CHNS 2900. Specialized Instruction in Chinese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

CHNS 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

CHNS 3101. Advanced Chinese 1. 4 Hours.

Stresses the fundamentals of Chinese to promote effective self-expression through speaking and writing and to explore the idiomatic aspects of the language. Through progressive class discussions and oral and written commentaries, students analyze a contemporary Chinese novel or a Chinese cultural reader, screenplay, or collection of short stories. The course strives, first, to help students read and comprehend modern Chinese writing with confidence and to be able to talk and write about it in good Chinese; and second, to provide preparation for advanced courses. Prereq. CHNS 2102 or CHNS 2302.

CHNS 3102. Advanced Chinese 2. 4 Hours.

Continues CHNS 3101. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills students encounter when they are abroad. Prereq. CHNS 3101 or CHNS 3301.

CHNS 3201. Advanced Chinese 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CHNS 2202. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. CHNS 2202 or CHNS 2302; international business majors only.

CHNS 3202. Advanced Chinese 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CHNS 3201. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. CHNS 3201 or CHNS 3301; international business majors only.

CHNS 3301. Advanced Chinese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

CHNS 3302. Advanced Chinese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

CHNS 3800. Special Topics in Chinese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Chinese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

CHNS 3900. Specialized Instruction in Chinese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

CHNS 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

CHNS 4101. Advanced Proficiency Chinese 1. 4 Hours.

Designed mainly for students of Chinese as a foreign language at a high intermediate or beginning advanced level of proficiency as designated by the American Council on Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) standards (or third-year Chinese language at universities). Seeks to help students perform most informal and formal language tasks with ease, confidence, and competence. Also seeks to strengthen understanding of contemporary Chinese culture and social environment, such as changing social values and contemporary popular culture. Offers students an opportunity to develop advanced language skills through integrated activities in listening, speaking, reading, and writing and to express complicated and abstract ideas. Prereq. CHNS 3102, CHNS 3302, or permission of instructor.

CHNS 4102. Advanced Proficiency Chinese 2. 4 Hours.

Builds upon the skills developed in previous Chinese courses. Seeks to enable students to accurately communicate detailed narratives and opinions in both spoken and written form. Offers students an opportunity to learn to provide structured arguments to support their opinions, to correctly use quantifiers and hypotheticals, and to develop good control of a full range of grammatical structures and a fairly wide general vocabulary. Prereq. CHNS 4101 or permission of instructor.

CHNS 4201. Advanced Proficiency Chinese 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CHNS 3202. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. CHNS 3202 or CHNS 3302; international business majors only.

CHNS 4202. Advanced Proficiency Chinese 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CHNS 4201. Offers students an opportunity to continue to build vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. CHNS 4201; international business majors only.

CHNS 4800. Special Topics in Chinese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Chinese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Topics focus on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

CHNS 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

CHNS 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

CHNS 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

CHNS 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

CHNS 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

CHNS 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

Foreign Language Courses

FLNG 1101. Elementary Foreign Language Transfer 1. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 1102. Elementary Foreign Language Transfer 2. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 2101. Intermediate Foreign Language Transfer 1. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 2102. Intermediate Foreign Language Transfer 2. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 3101. Advanced Foreign Language Transfer 1. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 3102. Advanced Foreign Language Transfer 2. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

French Courses

FRNH 1101. Elementary French 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of French. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. The audiolingual approach, using practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, aims at good pronunciation and ease in response. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in France and the varied cultures within the world of French speakers. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

FRNH 1102. Elementary French 2. 4 Hours.

Continues FRNH 1101. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources. Prereq. FRNH 1101, FRNH 1301, or placement test.

FRNH 1201. Elementary French 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of students majoring in international business and who have very little or no prior knowledge of French. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. The audiolingual approach, using practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, aims at good pronunciation and ease in response. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in France and the varied cultures within the world of French speakers. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources. Prereq. International business majors only.

FRNH 1202. Elementary French 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues FRNH 1201. Designed for the special needs of international business students. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources. Prereq. FRNH 1201, FRNH 1301, or placement test; international business majors only.

FRNH 1301. Elementary French Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

FRNH 1302. Elementary French Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

FRNH 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

FRNH 2101. Intermediate French 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current French periodicals. Prereq. FRNH 1102, FRNH 1302, or placement test.

FRNH 2102. Intermediate French 2. 4 Hours.

Continues FRNH 2101. Stresses the fundamentals of French to promote effective self-expression through speaking and writing and to explore the idiomatic aspects of the language. Through progressive class discussions and oral and written commentaries, students analyze a contemporary French novel or a French cultural reader, screenplay, or collection of short stories. Strives to help students read and comprehend modern French writing with confidence, and to be able to talk and write about it in good French. Provides preparation for advanced courses. Prereq. FRNH 2101, FRNH 2301, or placement test.

FRNH 2151. Intermediate French for Business Purposes. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes communicating in a business environment, tailoring grammar and sentence pattern coverage, vocabulary, and cultural topics to a business setting. Combines contemporary business topics and intermediate business French. Offers students an opportunity to be prepared to communicate in speaking and writing in a business setting in France and with a better understanding of the current business culture in France. Prereq. FRNH 2101, FRNH 2201, FRNH 2301, or permission of instructor.

FRNH 2201. Intermediate French 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current French periodicals. Prereq. FRNH 1202, FRNH 1302, or placement test; international business majors only.

FRNH 2202. Intermediate French 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues FRNH 2201. Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current French periodicals. Prereq. FRNH 2201, FRNH 2301, or placement test; international business majors only.

FRNH 2301. Intermediate French Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

FRNH 2302. Intermediate French Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

FRNH 2900. Specialized Instruction in French. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

FRNH 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

FRNH 3101. Advanced French 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. FRNH 2102, FRNH 2302, or placement test.

FRNH 3102. Advanced French 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on FRNH 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. FRNH 3101 or FRNH 3301.

FRNH 3201. Advanced French 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Stresses the fundamentals of French to promote effective self-expression through speaking and writing and to explore the idiomatic aspects of the language. Through progressive class discussions and oral and written commentaries, students analyze a contemporary French novel or a French cultural reader, screenplay, or collection of short stories. Strives to help students read and comprehend modern French writing with confidence, and to be able to talk and write about it in good French. Provides preparation for advanced courses. Prereq. FRNH 2202, FRNH 2302, or placement test; international business majors only.

FRNH 3202. Advanced French 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues FRNH 3201. Focuses on advanced conversation and composition work for international business students. Is the final language course before students go abroad. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills that students will encounter when they are abroad. Prereq. FRNH 3201 or FRNH 3301; international business majors only.

FRNH 3301. Advanced French Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

FRNH 3302. Advanced French Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

FRNH 3800. Special Topics in French. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the French language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

FRNH 3900. Specialized Instruction in French. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

FRNH 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

FRNH 4201. Advanced Proficiency French 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on FRNH 3202. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. FRNH 3202 or FRNH 3302; international business majors only.

FRNH 4202. Advanced Proficiency French 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on FRNH 4201. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. FRNH 4201; international business majors only.

FRNH 4800. Special Topics in French. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the French language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

FRNH 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

FRNH 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

FRNH 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

FRNH 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

FRNH 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

FRNH 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

German Courses

GRMN 1101. Elementary German 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of German. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. The audiolingual approach, using practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, aims at good pronunciation and ease in response. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in German. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

GRMN 1102. Elementary German 2. 4 Hours.

Continues GRMN 1101. Includes completion of basic grammatical usage, reading of contemporary German material, and increased stress on oral and aural skills. Prereq. GRMN 1101, GRMN 1301, or placement test.

GRMN 1201. Elementary German 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of German. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. The audiolingual approach, using practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, aims at good pronunciation and ease in response. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in German. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources. Prereq. International business majors only.

GRMN 1202. Elementary German 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues GRMN 1201. Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Includes completion of basic grammatical usage, reading of contemporary German material, and increased stress on oral and aural skills. Prereq. GRMN 1201, GRMN 1301, or placement test; international business majors only.

GRMN 1301. Elementary German Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GRMN 1302. Elementary German Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GRMN 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

GRMN 2101. Intermediate German 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary German materials. Prereq. GRMN 1102, GRMN 1302, or placement test.

GRMN 2102. Intermediate German 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on GRMN 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary German materials. Prereq. (a) GRMN 2101, GRMN 2301, or placement test and (b) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102.

GRMN 2151. Intermediate German for Business Purposes. 4 Hours.

Designed for learners who possess the equivalent of one year of German study. Emphasizes communicating in a business environment by tailoring grammar and sentence pattern coverage, vocabulary, and cultural topics to the business setting. Combines contemporary business topics and intermediate business German. Offers students an opportunity to learn to communicate in a business setting in Germany, orally and in writing, as well as to better understand the current business culture in Germany. Prereq. GRMN 2101, GRMN 2201, GRMN 2301, or permission of instructor.

GRMN 2201. Intermediate German 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Stresses more advanced German to promote effective self-expression through speaking and writing and to explore the idiomatic aspects of the language. Through progressive class discussions and oral and written commentaries, students analyze contemporary German texts. Practice includes watching German films, and participating in interviews in German. Prereq. GRMN 1202, GRMN 1302, or placement test; international business majors only.

GRMN 2202. Intermediate German 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues GRMN 2201. Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Provides opportunities to expand vocabulary and develop flexibility in the four basic language skills. Topics include grammar review and continued exposure to modern texts and business language usage. Prereq. GRMN 2201, GRMN 2301, or placement test; international business majors only.

GRMN 2301. Intermediate German Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard German. Continues development of grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GRMN 2302. Intermediate German Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GRMN 2900. Specialized Instruction in German. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

GRMN 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

GRMN 3101. Advanced German 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. GRMN 2102, GRMN 2302, or placement test.

GRMN 3102. Advanced German 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on GRMN 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. GRMN 3101 or GRMN 3301.

GRMN 3201. Advanced German 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Strives to develop facility in speaking and writing German and stresses active use of the language. Includes weekly composition assignments and grammar reviews as needed. Prereq. GRMN 2202, GRMN 2302, or placement test; international business majors only.

GRMN 3202. Advanced German 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues GRMN 3201. Offers advanced conversation and composition work for international business students. Is the final language course before students go abroad. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills students will encounter when they are abroad. Prereq. GRMN 3201 or GRMN 3301; international business majors only.

GRMN 3301. Advanced German Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard German as well as the local dialect. Continues development of grammatical and conversational competence.

GRMN 3302. Advanced German Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard German as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

GRMN 3800. Special Topics in German. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the German language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

GRMN 3900. Specialized Instruction in German. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

GRMN 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

GRMN 4201. Advanced Proficiency German 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on GRMN 3202. Offers students an opportunity to continue to build vocabulary and master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. GRMN 3202 or GRMN 3302; international business majors only.

GRMN 4202. Advanced Proficiency German 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on GRMN 4201. Offers students an opportunity to continue to build vocabulary and master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. GRMN 4201; international business majors only.

GRMN 4800. Special Topics in German. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the German language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

GRMN 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

GRMN 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

GRMN 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

GRMN 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

GRMN 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

GRMN 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

Greek Courses

GREK 1101. Elementary Modern Greek 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of modern Greek, this course provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Uses an instructional approach, with practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, and aims at good pronunciation and ease in response. Incorporates helpful information about daily life in Greece and the varied cultures within the world of Greek speakers. Uses extracurricular practice to complement class work, enable students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforce their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaint them with a vast library of audiovisual resources.

GREK 1102. Elementary Modern Greek 2. 4 Hours.

Continues GREK 1101. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Uses laboratory practice to complement class work, enable students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforce their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaint them with a vast library of audiovisual resources. Prereq. GREK 1101 or GREK 1301.

GREK 1301. Elementary Greek Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GREK 1302. Elementary Greek Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GREK 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

GREK 2101. Intermediate Greek 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Greek materials. Prereq. GREK 1102 or GREK 1302.

GREK 2102. Intermediate Greek 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on GREK 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Greek materials. Prereq. (a) GREK 2101 or GREK 2301 and (b) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102.

GREK 2301. Intermediate Greek Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GREK 2302. Intermediate Greek Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GREK 2900. Specialized Instruction in Greek. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

GREK 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

GREK 3101. Advanced Greek 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. GREK 2102 or GREK 2302.

GREK 3102. Advanced Greek 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on GREK 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. GREK 3101 or GREK 3301.

GREK 3301. Advanced Greek Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

GREK 3302. Advanced Greek Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

GREK 3800. Special Topics in Greek. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Greek language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

GREK 3900. Specialized Instruction in Greek. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

GREK 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

GREK 4800. Special Topics in Greek. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Greek language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

GREK 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

GREK 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

GREK 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

GREK 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

GREK 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

GREK 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

Hebrew Courses

HBRW 1101. Elementary Hebrew 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with little or no prior knowledge of Hebrew. Presents a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Uses practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, and aims at good pronunciation and ease in response.

HBRW 1102. Elementary Hebrew 2. 4 Hours.

Continues HBRW 1101. Includes continued focus on oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Expands functional and practical vocabulary base drawn from realistic situations and focuses on grammatical accuracy. Continues to focus on good pronunciation and ease of response. Prereq. HBRW 1101 or HBRW 1301.

HBRW 1301. Elementary Hebrew Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Hebrew. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

HBRW 1302. Elementary Hebrew Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Hebrew. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

HBRW 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

HBRW 2101. Intermediate Hebrew 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Hebrew materials. Prereq. HBRW 1102 or HBRW 1302.

HBRW 2102. Intermediate Hebrew 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on HBRW 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Hebrew materials. Prereq. (a) HBRW 2101 or HBRW 2301 and (b) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102.

HBRW 2301. Intermediate Hebrew Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Hebrew. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

HBRW 2302. Intermediate Hebrew Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Hebrew. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

HBRW 2900. Specialized Instruction in Hebrew. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

HBRW 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

HBRW 3101. Advanced Hebrew 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. HBRW 2102 or HBRW 2302.

HBRW 3102. Advanced Hebrew 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on HBRW 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. HBRW 3101 or HBRW 3301.

HBRW 3301. Advanced Hebrew Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

HBRW 3302. Advanced Hebrew Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

HBRW 3800. Special Topics in Hebrew. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Hebrew language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

HBRW 3900. Specialized Instruction in Hebrew. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

HBRW 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

HBRW 4800. Special Topics in Hebrew. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Hebrew language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

HBRW 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

HBRW 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

HBRW 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

HBRW 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

HBRW 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

HBRW 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

Italian Courses

ITLN 1101. Elementary Italian 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of Italian. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. The audiolingual approach, using practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, aims at good pronunciation and ease in response. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in Italy and the varied cultures within the world of Italian speakers. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

ITLN 1102. Elementary Italian 2. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 1101. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources. Prereq. ITLN 1101 or ITLN 1301.

ITLN 1201. Elementary Italian 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Designed for students with little or no prior knowledge of Italian. Presents essentials of correct Italian usage through acquisition of basic skills in reading, writing, speaking, and aural comprehension. Prereq. International business majors only.

ITLN 1202. Elementary Italian 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 1201. Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Includes completion of basic grammatical usage, reading of contemporary Italian material, and increased stress on oral and aural skills. Prereq. ITLN 1201 or ITLN 1301; international business majors only.

ITLN 1301. Elementary Italian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ITLN 1302. Elementary Italian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ITLN 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

ITLN 2101. Intermediate Italian 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current Italian periodicals. Prereq. ITLN 1102 or ITLN 1302.

ITLN 2102. Intermediate Italian 2. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 2101. Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current Italian periodicals. Prereq. ITLN 2101 or ITLN 2301.

ITLN 2151. Intermediate Italian for Business Purposes. 4 Hours.

Introduces the study of the language, registers, and conventions used in the world of Italian business, focusing on the lexis of Italian commerce, industry, and commercial law. Explores Italian business culture, its entrepreneurship, and the “made in Italy” brands. Emphasizes how business is conducted in Italy, taking into account language, customs, regional differences, and politics. Offers students an opportunity to develop the basic communication skills necessary for interviews, meetings, negotiations, and presentations and to function adequately in an Italian business environment. Prereq. ITLN 2101, ITNL 2201, ITNL 2301, or permission of instructor.

ITLN 2201. Intermediate Italian 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed for the special needs of international business students. Offers advanced grammar topics and continued stress on aural/oral acquisition. Provides some reading of literary, business, and popular texts. Prereq. ITLN 1202 or ITLN 1302; international business majors only.

ITLN 2202. Intermediate Italian 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 2201. Designed to meet the needs of international business students. Continues acquisition of all major skills in Italian. Provides increased readings of literary and popular texts. Also includes student projects. Prereq. ITLN 2201 or ITLN 2301; international business majors only.

ITLN 2301. Intermediate Italian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ITLN 2302. Intermediate Italian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ITLN 2900. Specialized Instruction in Italian. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

ITLN 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

ITLN 3101. Advanced Italian 1. 4 Hours.

Stresses the fundamentals of Italian to promote effective self-expression through speaking and writing and to explore the idiomatic aspects of the language. Through progressive class discussions and oral and written commentaries, students analyze a contemporary Italian novel or a Italian cultural reader, screenplay, or collection of short stories. The course strives, first, to help students read and comprehend modern Italian writing with confidence and to be able to talk and write about it in good Italian; and second, to provide preparation for advanced courses. Prereq. ITLN 2102 or ITLN 2302.

ITLN 3102. Advanced Italian 2. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 3101. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills that students encounter when they are abroad. Prereq. ITLN 3101 or ITLN 3301.

ITLN 3201. Advanced Italian 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Offers advanced grammar review and expanded student participation to meet the special needs of international business students. Stresses active use of the language. Includes weekly composition and speaking assignments as well as grammar review when needed. Prereq. ITLN 2202 or ITLN 2302; international business majors only.

ITLN 3202. Advanced Italian 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 3201. Offers advanced conversation and composition work for international business students and is the final course before students go abroad. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills students encounter abroad. Prereq. ITLN 3201 or ITLN 3301; international business majors only.

ITLN 3301. Advanced Italian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

ITLN 3302. Advanced Italian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Italian as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

ITLN 3800. Special Topics in Italian. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Italian language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

ITLN 3900. Specialized Instruction in Italian. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

ITLN 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

ITLN 4201. Advanced Proficiency Italian 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on ITLN 3202. Offers students an opportunity to continue to build vocabulary and master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. ITLN 3202 or ITLN 3302; international business majors only.

ITLN 4202. Advanced Proficiency Italian 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on ITLN 4201. Offers students an opportunity to continue to build vocabulary and master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Prereq. ITLN 4201; international business majors only.

ITLN 4800. Special Topics in Italian. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Italian language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

ITLN 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

ITLN 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

ITLN 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

ITLN 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

ITLN 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

ITLN 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

Japanese Courses

JPNS 1101. Elementary Japanese 1. 4 Hours.

Introduces basic grammar, sentence patterns, and vocabulary of Japanese with emphasis on spoken Japanese. Includes an introduction to the hiragana and katakana syllabaries in the written component. Designed for students with no previous knowledge of Japanese.

JPNS 1102. Elementary Japanese 2. 4 Hours.

Continues JPNS 1101. Emphasizes the development of oral skills; secondary emphasis is on reading. Offers students the opportunity to learn basic grammatical patterns, expand vocabulary, and improve communication skills in modern Japanese. Includes the introduction to kanji characters in the written component. Prereq. JPNS 1101 or JPNS 1301.

JPNS 1301. Elementary Japanese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Japanese. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

JPNS 1302. Elementary Japanese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Japanese. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

JPNS 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

JPNS 2101. Intermediate Japanese 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Japanese materials. Prereq. JPNS 1102 or JPNS 1302.

JPNS 2102. Intermediate Japanese 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on JPNS 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Japanese materials. Prereq. JPNS 2101 or JPNS 2301.

JPNS 2301. Intermediate Japanese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

JPNS 2302. Intermediate Japanese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

JPNS 2900. Specialized Instruction in Japanese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

JPNS 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

JPNS 3101. Advanced Japanese 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. JPNS 2102 or JPNS 2302.

JPNS 3102. Advanced Japanese 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on JPNS 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. JPNS 3101 or JPNS 3301.

JPNS 3301. Advanced Japanese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

JPNS 3302. Advanced Japanese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

JPNS 3800. Special Topics in Japanese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Japanese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

JPNS 3900. Specialized Instruction in Japanese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

JPNS 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

JPNS 4800. Special Topics in Japanese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Japanese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

JPNS 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

JPNS 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

JPNS 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

JPNS 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

JPNS 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

JPNS 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

Language, Literature, and Culture Courses

CLTR 1120. Introduction to Languages, Literature, and Culture. 4 Hours.

Examines the rich interconnections between literature and language and the culture that supports them. Discusses the relationship of language to literature and investigates how language and literatures are embedded in culture. Addresses several very broad and important questions, such as the relationship between language and culture; the relationship between language and thought; the definition of cultural relativism; and how ethical dilemmas are expressed in different cultures. Explores the relationship of esthetic and rhetorical traditions in given languages to the culture from which they sprang. In this context, examines the extremely interesting case of American Sign Language and how a gestural language sheds light on these issues.

CLTR 1140. Italian Society through Film. 4 Hours.

Explores the past three decades of Italian society through film using screenings, lectures, and discussions. Topics covered include the European immigration crisis; complex Italian politics; the modern-day Mafia; and Italian societal constructs, including gender norms, the family, and workplace dynamics. Examines the relationship of filmmaking and society. Explores positionality from multiple lenses. Seeks to foster student reflection and critical thinking through guided discussions and writing assignments and to broaden students’ awareness of Italian culture and society by considering social and ethical concerns presented in films. Students examine human nature and social behavior in the face of globalization and social change in contemporary Italian society. Includes the works of influential Italian filmmakers, such as Comencini, Virzì, Ozpetek, Muccino, and Moretti.

CLTR 1240. Latin American Film. 4 Hours.

Examines prizewinning Latin American films based on actual events, such as those that occurred during the Argentine military dictatorship of the 1970s, or works of fiction by well-known authors, such as Nobel Prize winner Garcia Marquez. These films ably depict the history and culture of these countries. Conducted in English and the films are in Spanish with English subtitles.

CLTR 1250. Introduction to Japanese Traditional Culture. 4 Hours.

Covers Japanese culture from ancient times through the 1930s. Studies and analyzes Japanese cultural practices, history, and texts. Offers a critical understanding and interpretation of the culture. Discusses Japan’s social and political institutions, historical processes, artistic traditions, and cultural exchange.

CLTR 1260. Japanese Film. 4 Hours.

Provides an introduction to Japanese film through works by such great masters as Kurosawa, Mizoguchi, and Ozu, as well as works by new directors from the 1980s and 1990s such as Tami, Morita, and Suo. Studies both form and content; relates major works to Japanese culture. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1265. Spanish Civil War on Film. 4 Hours.

Introduces the Spanish film and provides an understanding of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Uses a semiotic approach; studies images of the Spanish Civil War in photographs and posters to show how fictional and historical texts are transferred to the screen. Examines both documentaries and award-winning feature films by prominent Spanish directors. Demonstrates how the realism of the prominent Spanish directors is combined with surrealist imagery and metaphor to create a distinctive visual style. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1280. French Film and Culture. 4 Hours.

Provides an introduction to some of the qualities that have made French film one of the great national cinemas. Focuses on both form and content; relates outstanding directors’ major works to the French culture and society of their period. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1290. Realism and Modernism in Italian Film. 4 Hours.

Examines postwar Italian film as a significant site of cultural production, a site where different—and powerful—social tensions, cultural conflicts, and ideological mandates manifest themselves as discourses and as messages whose goal is to shape and define culture. Uses the concepts of realism and modernism as two central modes of organizing cultural discourse. Examines realism and modernism as complex phenomena—as cultural dynamics, as aesthetic approaches, and as modes of philosophical thought. Analyzes Italian films as sites that manifest realism and modernism in each of these dimensions. Seeks, in taking this culturalist approach to film, to place aesthetic production within a broader context than artistic expression—analyzing film style and practice instead as historically specific encounters between film practice and cultural context.

CLTR 1500. Modern Chinese History and Culture. 4 Hours.

Introduces modern Chinese history and culture through literary works, films, and historical texts. Examines political, social, and cultural changes in China since 1800: the decline of empire; the New Culture Movement of the 1920s; the rise of nationalism and rural revolution; the changing roles of women; the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s; and China’s cinematic, literary, and economic engagement with the world since 1978. Taught in English and open to all undergraduates. Cross-listed with HIST 1500.

CLTR 1501. Introduction to French Culture. 4 Hours.

Explores contemporary France and French mentality through lectures, screenings, readings, and discussions. Topics covered include the modern vs. the traditional family, social reproduction, gender norms, culture and social distinction, the concept of “grandeur,” identity and immigration. Offers students an opportunity to evaluate historical and sociological readings, films, documentaries, and TV commercials ; to compare French and American systems; and to consider contemporary human and social behaviors in the face of globalization.

CLTR 1502. Introduction to Arabic Culture. 4 Hours.

Designed to provide students with an in-depth survey of Arabic culture. Familiarizes students with the roots of one of the richest and oldest cultures but also seeks to satisfy their curiosity concerning certain social norms, patterns, and cultural traits in contemporary Arabic societies. Examines cultural manifestations ranging from the hijab (head covering), Jihad (holy struggle), human rights, polygamy, gender relations, public behavior, and many others by providing the historical backgrounds for these customs and traditions as well as exploring how they are now perceived in various Arab societies as well as in the West. Seeks to provide students with an appreciation for this multifaceted culture but most importantly a broad perspective on Arabic culture within the context of the universal human experience.

CLTR 1503. Introduction to Italian Culture. 4 Hours.

Examines chronologically the main aspects of Italian culture, concentrating on the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and the modern, postunification period. Topics include art, philosophy, literature, architecture, film, and historical background. Other topics address significant personages in Italian culture, such as Dante, Boccaccio, Piero della Francesca, Leonardo da Vinci, Alberti, Pico della Mirandola, Michelangelo, and Machiavelli; the differences between northern and southern Italy; and the nature of Italy’s cultural heritage and its influence and status today. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1504. Introduction to Spanish Culture. 4 Hours.

Examines chronologically the forces that have forged Spanish culture and have made Spain the nation it is today. Traces the development of Spain from the prehistoric caves of Altamira to the present. Observes past and present concerns such as divorce and abortion in a Catholic country, education, the role of women, linguistic diversity, separatism and terrorism, and the incorporation of Spain into the European Community. Incorporates history, sociology, anthropology, geography, economics, and politics. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1505. Introduction to Latin American Culture. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to Latin American culture through the study of a broad array of literary and critical writings by Latin American authors and selected films from Latin America. Authors include Sor Juana, Garcia Marquez, and Jorge Amado. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1506. Introduction to Chinese Popular Culture. 4 Hours.

Provides a comprehensive examination of modern Chinese popular culture in the People’s Republic of China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. From film to literature, from music to theatre, this course probes popular culture as it has manifested itself and traces its sociopolitical, aesthetic, and affective impact on modern China, with special attention to negotiations between the elite and the popular discourses.

CLTR 1508. Cuban History and Culture through Film. 4 Hours.

Offers an overview to Cuban history, culture, and society using a variety of films. Begins with the eighteenth century and issues of colonialism, slavery, and the struggle to create an independent Cuba. Features the early period of independence (1902–1925) and the overthrow of Machado (1933), as it is a period of great change and questioning about the island’s cultural and national identity. The latter part of the course focuses on post-1959 Cuba. Topics include colonialism and slavery, the pitfalls of national consciousness, gender relations, the mulatta in Cuba’s national culture, race relations, the importance of music in Cuban identity, aspects of Afro-Cuban culture, the nature of underdevelopment, homosexuality, social and political concerns in a revolutionary society, and Cuba in a new globalized environment.

CLTR 1509. An Introduction to Afro-Cuban Culture. 4 Hours.

Offers an overview to Afro-Cuban culture and history. Covers arrival of the first Africans, surge in the Atlantic trade, culture of the plantation, and the process of transculturation in Cuba, pre- and postabolition. Examines the philosophical and religious systems on the island: Regla de Ocha (Santería), the Abakuá society, and Regla de Palo (Mayombe, Kimbisa, Briyumba). Discusses slavery and racism in Cuba’s national identity, the intricacies of transculturation (hybrid cultural formations), the African dimensions of Cuban culture, ideas of exclusion and gender, as well as the extraordinary creativity of Afro-Cubans and their centrality to Cuba’s culture and history.

CLTR 1510. French Gastronomy and Culture. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the relationship between gastronomy, good manners, and French society since the Middle Ages, which is deeply ingrained in French cultural fabric and celebrated around the world as French savoir-faire and savoir-vivre.Explores cultural practices and the role of religious, political, social, and economic forces in shaping the formation of self, class distinction and cultural capital, gender roles and identity construction, permanence and change, and myth and reality in times of transition. When relevant, the course compares the French experience with other countries’ modus operandi. Includes films; documentaries; an interview with a  French chef; popular culture texts (cookbooks, menus, satirical food critic columns); and philosophical, historical, sociological, and literary texts from Stephen Mennell, Norbert Elias, Pierre Bourdieu, Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, Molière, Alexandre Dumas, and Emile Zola.

CLTR 1515. Comparative Analysis of the Lusophone World and Culture. 4 Hours.

Examines the role of the Portuguese culture, with a particular emphasis on the cultural influences that have shaped the development of the Portuguese-speaking world, also called the “Lusophone” world. Addresses the presence of the Portuguese language and culture beyond national borders and the relevant Portuguese contribution for the movement of globalization. The course is conceived as a mixture of lectures and other cultural activities that can better provide students with an idea of what is Portuguese/Lusophone culture today and what it was in the past. Focuses primarily on the Lusophone Black Atlantic as a space of historical and cultural connections between Portugal, Brazil, and Africa.

CLTR 1575. Jewish Film and Fiction. 4 Hours.

Examines books and short stories with Jewish themes, such as Goodbye Columbus and The Chosen, and some of the films based on those works. Offers students an opportunity to develop critical knowledge of key issues in modern Jewish identity—immigration, assimilation and intermarriage, anti-Semitism, and the Holocaust—through the lens of fiction and film. Cross-listed with JWSS 1575.

CLTR 1700. Introduction to Japanese Pop Culture. 4 Hours.

Provides an introduction to Japanese popular culture through critical analysis of mass media such as film, television, comics, and animation. Investigates various social and cultural issues, such as gender, family, and education. Films and videos supplement readings. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

CLTR 2001. World Cultures through Film. 4 Hours.

Introduces the study of world cinema from the past several decades as a form of artistic and cultural expression. Emphasizes the way that different ethnicities and cultures mix and even clash within national boundaries. Readings cover such topics as the postcolonial inheritance, immigration, the boundaries of class, the pressures of modernization, ethnic identities, and historical memory. Examines storytelling in its multicultural aspects and deals with the diverse influences of entertainment cinema and art cinema, as well as measures taken by countries to limit the influx of foreign films in order to protect their own cultural productivity. One overall concern of the course is the place of film in contemporary global culture.

CLTR 2280. French Film and World War II: The German Occupation of France. 4 Hours.

Explores the fascinating period of the German occupation of France, the so-called black years (années noires). Resistance, collaboration, national identity, and historical memory are still active subjects of debate in France by intellectuals, historians, novelists, and filmmakers. Offers students an opportunity to read historical and eyewitness accounts as well as short fiction to situate the films in context.

CLTR 2475. Gender in Latin American Film. 4 Hours.

Explores gender in Latin America as represented in film, which often reflects how society experiences political and social upheavals. Discusses gender in this context as a focus of power and social legitimacy, a means of collective identity formation, a factor in the allegorization of a nation, and as a nexus of change. Discusses how representations of gender, sexuality, and sexual transgression are utilized to facilitate national mythmaking within national cinemas. Discusses different visions of masculinity, femininity, and transgendered identity and looks at films by and for women in Latin America and other non-dominant-gendered identities. Offers students an opportunity to understand how dominant ideology can be questioned, challenged, and revolutionized through filmic representation. Prereq. CINE 1200 or CINE 1895 (either may be taken concurrently).

CLTR 2501. Chinese Film: Gender and Ethnicity. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to cultural, cross-cultural, intellectual, and social issues that lead them to an informed understanding of Chinese film. Selected films are organized under the topics of gender, ethnicity, and urbanity. Outstanding directors are examined closely to illustrate these topics. Conducted in English.

CLTR 2504. Modern German Film and Literature. 4 Hours.

Introduces contemporary issues in German culture. Studies the importance of the Faust legend. Considers major novels. Also considers stories and poems by Böll, Grass, Mann, and Brecht as adapted by a new generation of filmmakers: Fassbinder, Schlondorff, Sanders-Brahms, and Wenders. Conducted in English. Prereq. (a) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102 and (b) junior or senior standing.

CLTR 2505. Berlin in German Film and Culture. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the evolution of Germany’s film aesthetic in relation to German cultural issues and touches on the “new German film” of the postwar era in the West, the influence of neorealism in the East, and the melding of these different traditions in the film of reunified Germany. The centrality of Berlin in Germany’s culture and history is reflected in the many films that have used the city as backdrop, from Ruttman’s silent masterpiece Berlin, Symphony of a Great City through the flowering of German expressionist cinema and on to World War II, divided Germany, and reunification. Studies directors such as Wenders, Klein, Sanders-Brahms, Fassbinder, Dresen, von Trotta, von Donnersmarck, Becker, and Tykwer.

CLTR 2510. Brazilian Culture through Film. 4 Hours.

Offers an overview of Brazilian film that historically covers the period from colonial times to the present. Twentieth-century themes include issues such as youth and street violence, popular culture and music, religion, the role of women, political and social struggles, homosexuality, cultural identity, and human rights.

CLTR 2715. New Literary and Cinematic Narratives in Latin America. 4 Hours.

Focuses on film, literature, and new media. Offers a panoramic view of the Latin American cultural production of the last twenty-five years, attempting to characterize the variety of styles and trends. Relates the texts and movies to the sociological, political, and economic issues of the moment, i.e., implementation of neoliberal democracies, globalization, neocolonialism, resistance, and new social movements, etc. Studies links between Latin America and the United States and between Latin America and Spain. Concentrates on reading/watching texts written by relatively “young authors.” The course is both international and interdisciplinary and is taught in English.

CLTR 2725. Representing Violence and Human Rights in Latin America. 4 Hours.

Addresses the topics of historical memory and human rights through basic theoretical texts about the concept of violence, memory, and human rights. Students watch films and documentaries and read novels, testimonies, short stories, and poems of several artistic movements, focusing on how violence is represented/visualized in these texts and how it relates to the social, economic, and political situation in Latin America. Studies four moments in recent Latin American history: Mexico 1968; Shining Path and Peru in the 1980s and 1990s; the genocide in Guatemala; and the dictatorships in the Southern Cone. Taught in English.

CLTR 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

CLTR 3450. Israeli and Palestinian Film. 4 Hours.

Seeks to open up a dialogue between two cultures that coexist in the same geographical space: the Israeli and the Palestinian. Explores questions of history, identity, conflict, and coexistence through documentary and fiction films. Films are contextualized through extensive readings in secondary sources, poetry, and works of fiction. Requires students to complete several short papers and a final research paper. Prereq. Sophomore standing or above.

CLTR 3500. French Culture and the Arts. 4 Hours.

Designed to provide students with an overview of French culture with a particular focus on its rich artistic heritage as manifested down through history and in popular culture today. Includes such areas as language, art, architecture, cinema, music, literature, urban and landscape design, fashion, folklore, rites, rituals, and customs. Studies the distinctive characteristics of France’s many regions in light of their contributions to the vast tapestry that comprises French culture. Conducted in French. Prereq. FRNH 2102 or FRNH 2302.

CLTR 3510. Spanish Culture and the Arts. 4 Hours.

Designed to provide students with an overview of Spanish culture with a particular focus on its rich artistic heritage as manifested down through history and in popular culture today. Includes such areas as language, art, architecture, cinema, music, literature, urban and landscape design, fashion, folklore, rites, rituals, and customs. Studies the distinctive characteristics of Spain’s many regions in light of their contributions to the vast tapestry that comprises Spanish culture. Conducted in Spanish. Prereq. SPNS 2102 or SPNS 2302.

CLTR 3710. Representing Latin American Cities. 4 Hours.

Examines how several Latin American cities have been imagined, represented, written and sung about, and filmed by studying different cultural artifacts and manifestations. Examines works from the fourteenth century until today (from newspapers and popular poetry to blogs and tweets, from paintings to films, from novels to graffiti, from sports to food) that deal in different ways with the “idea” and “imagination” of the cities from their foundation to the present. This is an interactive course and is taught in Spanish. Prereq. SPNS 2102.

CLTR 3715. New Narratives: Latin America after 1989. 4 Hours.

Focuses on film, literature, and new media. This course offers a panoramic view of the Latin American cultural production after 1989, attempting to characterize the variety of styles and trends. Relates the texts and movies to the socio, political, and economic issues of the moment, i.e., implementation of neoliberal democracies, globalization, neocolonialism, resistance, new social movements, etc. Also studies links between Latin America and the United States and between Latin America and Spain. Focuses on texts written by relatively young authors. Taught in Spanish. Prereq. SPNS 2102.

CLTR 3720. Literature, Arts, and Poverty in Latin America. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the construction, characteristics, and representation of poverty/the poor in Latin American texts from the thirties and sixties and in the works of contemporary Latin American writers and film directors. Discusses the relation of these works to a “realist tradition” by studying social, political, and cultural aspects of Latin America from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Considers whether we are facing a new kind of realism. Also engages the problem of representation, the “role of literature” (ethics and literature), and its relation with politics and the global economy (literature and the market) in the Latin American context. Taught in Spanish. Prereq. SPNS 2102.

CLTR 3725. Representing Violence and Human Rights in Latin America. 4 Hours.

Studies the idea of violence and how it relates to the social, economic, and political situation in Latin America. Students watch films and documentaries and read novels, testimonies, short stories, and poems of several artistic movements to study how violence is represented/visualized in these texts. Also addresses the topics of historical memory and human rights by using basic theoretical texts about the concept of violence, memory, and human rights. Studies four moments in recent Latin American history: Mexico 1968, Shining Path and Peru in the 1980s and 1990s, the genocide in Guatemala, and the dictatorships in the Southern Cone. Taught in Spanish. Prereq. SPNS 2102.

CLTR 3930. Topics in International Cinema. 4 Hours.

Studies international directors, or the cinema of a specific country or ethnic group outside the United States. Students meet for weekly screenings, discussions, and lectures.

CLTR 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

CLTR 4507. Afro-Cuban Culture—International Study. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to obtain fundamental knowledge of the legacy of African-based cultures in Cuba, from historical to contemporary times. Examines origins of Africans in Cuba, including study of plantation culture, transculturation, African-derived religions, the visual arts, music literature, images of blacks in film and the mass media, and African-derived culture in Cuban daily life. Also includes visits to temples and other ritual spaces, meetings with writers, encounters with artistic troupes, meetings with priests or priestesses, visits to cultural organizations, and possible participation in rituals or ceremonies (tambor, cajón, violin).

CLTR 4508. Cuban History through Film—International Study. 4 Hours.

Offers an overview of Cuban history using Cuban films. Covers the colonial period through times of slavery and the nineteenth-century struggles for independence. Proceeds to the twentieth century, first the republican period (1902–1959), then the revolutionary period (1959 to the present). Touches on topics such as colonialism, slavery, race, women in Cuban history, the anti-Batista struggles of the fifties, underdevelopment, exile, homosexuality, Cuba in the “Special Period” (1991–2005), problems of personal freedom, and identity in revolutionary societies. Also includes visits to historical museums, buildings, monuments, and parts of Havana that reveal the country’s history.

CLTR 4944. Cultural Engagement Abroad. 4 Hours.

Designed for a language-based Dialogue of Civilizations. Complements the intensive language course that students take while on a language-based Dialogue. Offers students an opportunity to obtain an in-depth knowledge of the contemporary culture(s) of the country of the Dialogue and how that culture differs from or is similar to contemporary American cultural values and practices. In addition to regular in-class lectures and activities, offers structured opportunities to engage in dialogue with businesspeople, scholars, educators, artists, government officials, journalists, students, senior citizens, and/or local residents about their perspectives on various topics and issues.

CLTR 4983. Special Topics in Culture. 4 Hours.

Covers special topics in culture.

CLTR 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

CLTR 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

CLTR 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

LANG 1000. Languages, Literatures, and Cultures at Northeastern. 1 Hour.

Intended for first-year students in the College of Social Sciences and Humanities. Introduces students to liberal arts. Offers students an opportunity to become familiar with their major; develop the academic skills necessary to succeed (analytical ability and critical thinking); obtain grounding in the culture and values of the University community; and develop interpersonal skills—in short, to develop the skills needed to become a successful university student.

LANG 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

LANG 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

LANG 3432. Romance Linguistics. 4 Hours.

Provides a general linguistic introduction to one of the most important language families. Discusses the structural characteristics of several Romance languages. Includes defining a language family, how and why languages change, and the relationship of standard and nonstandard linguistic varieties. Studies contemporary theoretical issues in Romance linguistics including object-pronoun placement, word order, creolization, and subject-pronoun use. Conducted in English. Prereq. Reading knowledge of one Romance language or permission of instructor; LING 1150 recommended.

LANG 3434. Bilingualism. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the fact that half of the world’s population is bilingual, that is, uses two or more languages on a regular basis. Also explores the fact that bilingualism remains a poorly understood phenomenon surrounded by a number of myths: those that hold that bilinguals are found in bilingual countries and are equally fluent in both languages; that bilingual children suffer from cognitive impoverishment; and that bilingual education hinders the assimilation of minority groups. Reviews all aspects of bilingualism (in the world, in society, in the child, and in the adult). Discusses topics such as biculturalism and language change. Prereq. LING 1150 or ENGL 1150.

LANG 3438. Structure of French. 4 Hours.

Looks at the French language from a linguistic point of view, focusing on elements of French phonology (sound system), morphology (word structure), and syntax (sentence structure). Topics include how French compares with other Romance languages, as well as with non-Romance languages like English. Prereq. LING 1150 or ENGL 1150.

LANG 3500. Introduction to Translation Studies. 4 Hours.

Offers an introduction to translation studies and practice. Explores the following themes: translation as intercultural communication; linguistic, functionalist, and other theories of translation; translation and gender; translation and philosophy; translation and politics; and the ethics of translation. Students undertake translations that are germane to the themes described above. Prereq. (a) Junior or senior standing and completion of a language course at the 2102-level or (b) permission of department.

LANG 3510. Translation and the Business World. 4 Hours.

Focuses on translation in the business world (commerce, computers, law, finance, trade, and economics). Dwells first on possible intercultural differences in doing business in a foreign environment and then moves on to practical exercises of business letters, résumés, annual reports, and texts related to international finance, trade, management information systems, and contracts. Prereq. (a) LANG 3500 and completion of a language course at the 2102-level or (b) permission of department.

LANG 3520. Translation and Literature. 4 Hours.

Delves briefly into some of the major concerns of literary translation of prose, poetry, and drama. Discusses different approaches (word-to-word vs. sense-to-sense, the visibility or invisibility of the translator, the pitfalls of translating historically or culturally remote texts, translation as creative rewriting, etc.). Discusses authors such as Borges, García Márquez, Neruda, Günter Grass, Canetti, Proust, Césaire, Beckett, Nabokov, and Pirandello. Prereq. (a) LANG 3500 and completion of a language course at the 2102-level or (b) permission of department.

LANG 3800. Special Topics in Language. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a particular theme of language and society that involves several languages (e.g., common literary themes, treatment of fairy tales, or folklore). The specific topic is chosen to reflect relevant comparative themes and expressed student interests. Prereq. An intermediate level of skill in a language.

LANG 4670. Topics in French. 4 Hours.

Provides in-depth study of a specific topic in French studies. Topic to be chosen each year the course is offered. Prereq. LITR 4551.

LANG 4700. Capstone Seminar. 4 Hours.

Provides the graduating student the opportunity to integrate the intellectual aspects of the program with its experiential elements, especially the study-abroad portion of the students’ program. Prereq. LITR 4551.

LANG 4800. Special Topics in Language. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a particular theme of language and society that involves several languages (e.g., common literary themes, treatment of fairy tales, or folklore). The specific topic is chosen to reflect relevant comparative themes and expressed student interests. Prereq. An advanced level of skill in a language.

LANG 4920. Foreign Language Teaching: Theory and Practice. 4 Hours.

Intended for students who want to improve their understanding of how learners learn a second/foreign language and develop an approach to language teaching that is theoretically sound. Some of the topics included in the course are: theories of language acquisition, learning strategies, individual differences in language acquisition, the role of the environment, and the role of formal instruction. The course provides hands-on experience in the design of language teaching activities, unit and daily lesson planning, and long- and short-range objectives that are consonant with the National Standards for Foreign Language Learning. The ultimate goal of the course is to help students to develop the investigative and decision-making skills needed to foster professional growth. Prereq. (a) SPNS 3101 or FRNH 3101 and (b) senior standing.

LANG 4970. Junior/Senior Honors Project 1. 4 Hours.

Focuses on in-depth project in which a student conducts research or produces a product related to the student’s major field. Combined with Junior/Senior Project 2 or college-defined equivalent for 8-credit honors project.

LANG 4971. Junior/Senior Honors Project 2. 4 Hours.

Focuses on second semester of in-depth project in which a student conducts research or produces a product related to the student’s major field. Prereq. LANG 4970.

LANG 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

LANG 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

LANG 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

LANG 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

LANG 4994. Internship. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity for internship work.

LANG 4996. Experiential Education Directed Study. 4 Hours.

Draws upon the student’s approved experiential activity and integrates it with study in the academic major. Restricted to those students who are using the course to fulfill their experiential education requirement.

LITR 1150. Muslim Writers and the Qur’an (in English Translations). 4 Hours.

Covers selected writers who fairly represent a wide range of Muslim attitudes to the Qur’an. Muslim writers use the Qur’an for political and social criticism, question Qur’anic texts related to the status of women, or question the authenticity of the Qur’an itself. After 9/11, however, Muslim writers in the West have presented characters who find in the Qur’an a source of positive powers. Readings are drawn from works such as the following: Leila Aboulela, Minaret; Monica Ali, Brick Lane; Gamal Al-Ghitani, Zayni Barakat; Tehmina Durrani, Blasphemy; Nuruddin Farah, Maps; Taha Hussein, An Egyptian Childhood; Yusuf Idris, “A House of Flesh”; C. H. Kane, Ambiguous Adventure; Hanif Kureishi, The Black Album and “My Son the Fanatic”; Naguib Mahfouz, The Children of the Alley.

LITR 1250. Dante’s Inferno and Medieval Italian Culture. 4 Hours.

Introduces an overview of Dante’s Commedia focusing on the first book, “Inferno,” read in English translation. Examines the descending stages of hell; their meanings; and their social, political, and historical relevance for Dante’s society. Dante’s Divina Commedia created a powerful world, one that had a deep meaning for both the author and the reader of that time. But can one so easily understand it as constructed by the Commedia in the Middle Ages? Does Dante’s world have relevance today as well? Some scholars may say it does more so than ever. If so, how? Through analysis of selected chapters (Canti), students have an opportunity to attempt to establish their possible relevance to the modern human condition and perhaps even to themselves.

LITR 1260. Caribbean Literature and Culture. 4 Hours.

Provides a comparative introduction to the modern literary traditions of the Spanish-, English, and French-speaking Caribbean. Includes authors such as Carpentier (Cuba), Naipaul (Trinidad), Zobel (Martinique), and Cardenal (Nicaragua). Conducted in English.

LITR 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

LITR 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

LITR 3500. International Perspectives. 4 Hours.

Uses major representative works of fiction from the modern European tradition to introduce students to an array of theoretical and critical perspectives (cognitivism, Marxism, formalism, and identity politics). Major authors include Dostoevsky, Mann, Kafka, Camus, Duras, and Achebe. Team-taught in English by members of the modern language department. Serves as an introduction to literature for language majors, who can get credit in their field of concentration by reading some of the works in the original language.

LITR 3502. Cervantes and His Times. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to Don Quixote de la Mancha, Cervantes’ major work as well as Spain’s greatest masterpiece and its supreme gift to Western culture. Studies Cervantes’ minor works, The Exemplary Novels and Interludes. Examines literary, sociological, philosophical, and historical matters: the development of the novel, genre and narratology, role-playing and representation, and Spain’s triumphs and defeats. Deals with the Spanish Inquisition and censorship, and examines themes such as madness, truth and lying, and appearance and reality. Conducted in English. Prereq. (a) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102 and (b) SPNS 2102 and (c) junior or senior standing.

LITR 3503. Russian Literature in Translation. 4 Hours.

Surveys and analyzes in English the major works of Russian literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with emphasis on the historical context. Selected writers include Pushkin, Gogol, Turgenev, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Chekhov. Prereq. Sophomore standing or above.

LITR 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

LITR 4550. From Knights to Revolution. 4 Hours.

Introduces major works of French literature from the Middle Ages up through the eighteenth century. Textual analysis, examination of the social and historical context of these works, and explanations of literary terms and devices through readings and class discussions are designed to contribute to the understanding and appreciation of this body of French literature. Prereq. FRNH 3101.

LITR 4551. Modern French and Francophone Literature. 4 Hours.

Introduces major works of French literature from the nineteenth century on. Textual analysis, examination of the social and historical context of these works, and explanations of literary terms and devices through readings and class discussions are designed to contribute to the understanding and appreciation of this body of French literature. Prereq. FRNH 3101.

LITR 4555. French Poetry. 4 Hours.

Provides students with a survey of French poetry through the ages, focusing on representative works of the major French poets. Studies poems in their literary and historical context with an examination of various aspects of French versification. Conducted in French. Prereq. LITR 4551.

LITR 4560. Masterpieces of Spanish Literature: Eighteenth–Twentieth Century. 4 Hours.

Surveys the literature of eighteenth-, nineteenth-, and twentieth-century Spain. Includes the literary movements of romanticism, realism, and the Generation of ‘98. Conducted in Spanish. Prereq. SPNS 3101.

LITR 4561. Masterpieces of Spanish Literature: Twelfth–Seventeenth Century. 4 Hours.

Traces the development of Spanish literature from the Middle Ages (las jarchas, El poema del Cid, El libro de buen amor, La Celestina) through the Renaissance and Baroque periods or Golden Age (Garcilaso de la Vega, the picaresque novel, the mystics, Cervantes, Lope de Vega, Calderon). Conducted in Spanish. Prereq. SPNS 3101.

LITR 4565. Spanish Golden Age. 4 Hours.

Examines plays by the outstanding dramatists of the seventeenth century in Spain: Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca, Tirso de Molina, Ruiz de Alarcón, and others. Conducted in Spanish. Prereq. LITR 4560.

LITR 4655. Latin American Literature. 4 Hours.

Offers an overview of the major trends in Latin American literature, from Bernal Diaz through Borges and Vargas Llosa. Studies broad cultural and political contexts, especially the effect of colonization. Conducted in Spanish. Prereq. SPNS 2101.

LITR 4850. The Splendid Century. 4 Hours.

Presents a study of the golden age of French literature in seventeenth-century France, spanning the baroque and classical periods, and evoking the grandeur of the era of Louis XIV and Versailles. Readings cover a rich and diverse body of literature encompassing poetry, theatre, philosophy, the novel, and epistolary writing. The authors studied include Corneille, Racine, Moliere, Descartes, Pascal, and La Rochefoucauld. Conducted in French, with English permitted. Prereq. LITR 4551.

LITR 4860. Age of Enlightenment. 4 Hours.

Studies the eighteenth century in France: the Enlightenment. It was an age of challenge to established authority, institutions, and modes of thought. This intellectual and political vitality is reflected in works of Marivaux, Fontenelle, Montesquieu, and Voltaire. It is followed by the awakening of the Romantic sensibility as found in such authors as Diderot, Rousseau, and Bernardin de St. Pierre. Conducted in French, with English permitted. Prereq. LITR 4551.

LITR 4870. Romantic Heritage. 4 Hours.

Treats French Romanticism and its aftermath from a literary and cultural standpoint. Examines Romanticism in poetry and drama, as well as its continuation into the realist novel. Readings include the works of Lamartine, Hugo, Balzac, and Flaubert. Also explores the development of the Parnassian and Symbolist movements. Readings include the works of Baudelaire, Verlaine, Rimbaud, and Mallarmé, precursors of all modern literature. Conducted in French, with English permitted. Prereq. LITR 4551.

LITR 4983. Special Topics in Literature. 4 Hours.

Covers special topics in literature.

LITR 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

LITR 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

Portuguese Courses

PORT 1101. Elementary Portuguese 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of Portuguese. Presents essentials of Portuguese as it is spoken in Brazil through acquisition of basic skills in speaking, reading, writing, and aural comprehension.

PORT 1102. Elementary Portuguese 2. 4 Hours.

Continues the study of Brazilian Portuguese at the elementary level. Includes completion of basic grammatical usage, reading of contemporary Brazilian material, and increased emphasis on oral and aural skills. Prereq. PORT 1101 or PORT 1301.

PORT 1301. Elementary Portuguese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

PORT 1302. Elementary Portuguese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

PORT 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

PORT 2101. Intermediate Portuguese 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Portuguese materials. Prereq. PORT 1102 or PORT 1302.

PORT 2102. Intermediate Portuguese 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on PORT 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Portuguese materials. Prereq. (a) PORT 2101 or PORT 2301 and (b) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102.

PORT 2301. Intermediate Portuguese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

PORT 2302. Intermediate Portuguese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

PORT 2501. Portuguese for Spanish Speakers. 4 Hours.

Introduces Portuguese to native and heritage speakers of Spanish and/or students who have completed at least one level of intermediate Spanish. Focuses on fundamental communication skills—speaking, aural comprehension, reading, and writing—with particular emphasis on those features of Portuguese that are most difficult for Spanish speakers, such as pronunciation, idioms, and grammatical structures particular to Portuguese. Also explores cultural elements of the Portuguese-speaking countries, with special emphasis on Brazil. Prereq. SPNS 2101, SPNS 2301, or permission of instructor.

PORT 2900. Specialized Instruction in Portuguese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

PORT 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

PORT 3101. Advanced Portuguese 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. PORT 2102 or PORT 2302.

PORT 3102. Advanced Portuguese 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on PORT 3101and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. PORT 3101 or PORT 3301.

PORT 3301. Advanced Portuguese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Portuguese as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

PORT 3302. Advanced Portuguese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

PORT 3800. Special Topics in Portuguese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Portuguese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

PORT 3900. Specialized Instruction in Portuguese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

PORT 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

PORT 4800. Special Topics in Portuguese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Portuguese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

PORT 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

PORT 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

PORT 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

PORT 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

PORT 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

PORT 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

Russian Courses

RSSN 1101. Elementary Russian 1. 4 Hours.

Explores the essentials of grammar, practice in pronunciation, acquisition of basic vocabulary, and idiomatic expressions of everyday Russian.

RSSN 1102. Elementary Russian 2. 4 Hours.

Continues RSSN 1101. Studies grammar and spoken and written forms of the language. Covers more advanced features of the language. Prereq. RSSN 1101 or RSSN 1301.

RSSN 1301. Elementary Russian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

RSSN 1302. Elementary Russian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

RSSN 1501. Elementary Russian 1 for Heritage Speakers. 4 Hours.

Designed for students to whom Russian is a heritage language—students who can speak Russian from hearing it in the home but may not be able to read or write Russian or whose writing and reading skills may not be well developed. Heritage speakers also may not know the structure of the Russian language and its morphology. Offers students an opportunity to learn reading, cursive writing, the language structure, spelling rules, vocabulary, and to develop skills to express themselves in a more linguistically accurate and correct manner. Each grammar topic is based on a culturally related text, which is designed to help students gain cultural knowledge along with language skills.

RSSN 1502. Elementary Russian 2 for Heritage Speakers. 4 Hours.

Continues RSSN 1501. Offers students an opportunity to continue developing their proficiency in reading and writing, to continue to develop their understanding of the language structure and spelling rules, and to work on their vocabulary in order to develop skills to express themselves more fluently and accurately in Russian. Prereq. RSSN 1501.

RSSN 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

RSSN 2101. Intermediate Russian 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Russian materials. Prereq. RSSN 1102 or RSSN 1302.

RSSN 2102. Intermediate Russian 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on RSSN 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Russian materials. Prereq. (a) RSSN 2101 or RSSN 2301 and (b) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102.

RSSN 2301. Intermediate Russian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

RSSN 2302. Intermediate Russian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

RSSN 2900. Specialized Instruction in Russian. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

RSSN 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

RSSN 3101. Advanced Russian 1. 4 Hours.

Builds on RSSN 2102. Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. RSSN 2102 or RSSN 2302.

RSSN 3102. Advanced Russian 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on RSSN 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. RSSN 3101 or RSSN 3301.

RSSN 3301. Advanced Russian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

RSSN 3302. Advanced Russian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

RSSN 3800. Special Topics in Russian. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Russian language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

RSSN 3900. Specialized Instruction in Russian. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

RSSN 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

RSSN 4800. Special Topics in Russian. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Russian language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

RSSN 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

RSSN 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

RSSN 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

RSSN 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

RSSN 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

RSSN 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

Spanish Courses

SPNS 1101. Elementary Spanish 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with little or no knowledge of Spanish. Presents essentials of correct Spanish usage through acquisition of basic skills in reading, speaking, writing, and aural comprehension.

SPNS 1102. Elementary Spanish 2. 4 Hours.

Continues SPNS 1101. Includes completion of basic grammatical usage, reading of contemporary Hispanic material, and increased stress on oral and aural skills. Prereq. SPNS 1101, SPNS 1301, or placement test.

SPNS 1301. Elementary Spanish Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SPNS 1302. Elementary Spanish Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SPNS 1402. Elementary Spanish 2 for Healthcare Professionals. 4 Hours.

Reviews the present tense of regular, irregular, yo form irregular, and stem-changing verbs for students who have completed one level of Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to practice different medical scenarios consisting of brief conversations in the consulting room/hospital with the pediatrician, gynecologist, and with the dietician. Explores all the parts of the body and how to conduct a physical exam with a patient in Spanish as well as converse with patients at an elementary level. Prereq. SPNS 1101, SPNS 1301, placement test, or permission of instructor; Bouvé students only.

SPNS 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

SPNS 2101. Intermediate Spanish 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Spanish materials. Prereq. SPNS 1102, SPNS 1302, or placement test.

SPNS 2102. Intermediate Spanish 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on SPNS 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Spanish materials. Prereq. (a) SPNS 2101, SPNS 2301, or placement test and (b) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102.

SPNS 2151. Intermediate Spanish for Business Purposes. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes communicating in a business environment, tailoring grammar and sentence pattern coverage, vocabulary, and cultural topics to a business setting. Combines contemporary business topics and intermediate business Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to be prepared to communicate in speaking and writing in a business setting in Spain and parts of Latin America and with a better understanding of the current business culture in Spain and Latin America. Prereq. SPNS 2101, SPNS 2201, SPNS 2301, or permission of instructor.

SPNS 2201. Intermediate Spanish 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Offers advanced grammar topics and continued stress on aural/oral acquisition. Provides some reading of literary texts as well as of popular media. Prereq. SPNS 1202, SPNS 1302, or placement test; international business majors only.

SPNS 2202. Intermediate Spanish 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues SPNS 2201. Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Continues acquisition of all major skills in Spanish language. Provides increased reading of literary and popular culture texts. Also includes student projects. Prereq. SPNS 2201, SPNS 2301, or placement test; international business majors only.

SPNS 2301. Intermediate Spanish Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SPNS 2302. Intermediate Spanish Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SPNS 2401. Intermediate Spanish 1 for Healthcare Professionals. 4 Hours.

Reviews the present tense of regular, irregular, yo form irregular, and stem-changing verbs. Explores the preterite and imperfect tenses and the command forms formal (usted and ustedes). Topics also include por vs. para. Offers students an opportunity to practice a number of different medical scenarios in the emergency room, medical center, hospital, laboratory, and the X-ray room. Reviews the parts of the body and conducting a physical exam with a patient. Students practice taking a medical history and doing an extensive physical exam in Spanish. Prereq. SPNS 1102, SPNS 1302, SPNS 1402, placement test, or permission of instructor; Bouvé students only.

SPNS 2402. Intermediate Spanish 2 for Healthcare Professionals. 4 Hours.

Reviews all the preterite and imperfect tenses and introduces the present subjunctive. Offers students an opportunity to practice the command forms formal (ud./uds.) and different medical scenarios as well as to learn a variety of medical procedures and treatments for different illnesses. The course is designed to prepare students to converse with their patients at an intermediate level and discuss a variety of treatments for different medical conditions. Prereq. SPNS 2101, SPNS 2301, SPNS 2401, placement test, or permission of instructor; Bouvé students only.

SPNS 2900. Specialized Instruction in Spanish. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

SPNS 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

SPNS 3101. Advanced Spanish 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. SPNS 2102, SPNS 2302, or placement test.

SPNS 3102. Advanced Spanish 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on SPNS 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. SPNS 3101 or SPNS 3301.

SPNS 3201. Advanced Spanish 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Offers advanced grammar review and expanded student participation. Offers a major project in the language with the possibility of community work in the language. Prereq. SPNS 2202, SPNS 2302, or placement test; international business majors only.

SPNS 3202. Advanced Spanish 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues SPNS 3201. Offers advanced conversation and composition work for international business students. Is the final language course before students go abroad. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills students will encounter when they are abroad. Prereq. SPNS 3201 or SPNS 3301; international business majors only.

SPNS 3301. Advanced Spanish Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

SPNS 3302. Advanced Spanish Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

SPNS 3401. Advanced Spanish 1 for Healthcare Professionals. 4 Hours.

Reviews the command forms formal (ud./uds.), present subjunctive, and the imperfect subjunctive. Other topics include different medical conditions such as skin disorders and cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, genitourinary diseases, etc. Offers students an opportunity to practice having discussions with their Spanish-speaking patients regarding the different conditions that affect them and discuss a variety of treatment options. Focuses on preventative medicine—talking about the importance of a healthy diet, exercising, etc. The class is conducted totally in Spanish. Prereq. SPNS 2102, SPNS 2302, SPNS 2402, placement test, or permission of instructor; Bouvé students only.

SPNS 3501. Advanced Spanish Conversation: Global Communication. 4 Hours.

Designed for nonnative and native speakers whose language skills are at the advanced level and who seek specialized conversational language instruction. Focuses on current global issues, with particular attention paid to events in the Spanish-speaking world and Latinos in the United States. Offers students an opportunity to enrich vocabulary and enhance oral and written communication. Prereq. SPNS 3101, SPNS 3201, SPNS 3301, or permission of instructor.

SPNS 3800. Special Topics in Spanish. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Spanish language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

SPNS 3900. Specialized Instruction in Spanish. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

SPNS 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

SPNS 4201. Advanced Proficiency Spanish 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed for international business students to enhance their ability to communicate effectively in Spanish. Seeks to reinforce grammatical concepts and aims to enrich students’ vocabulary, with emphasis on business vocabulary. Focuses on drills, paired and group activities, dictations, role-playing, reading, translations, and listening to audio materials in order to achieve a living language experience. By engaging students in such activities, the course offers students an opportunity to further develop their cultural understanding and their use of Spanish for business purposes. Prereq. SPNS 3202 or SPNS 3302; international business majors only.

SPNS 4202. Advanced Proficiency Spanish 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed for international business students. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop their ability to communicate effectively in Spanish. Seeks to reinforce grammatical concepts and aims to enrich students’ vocabulary, with emphasis on business vocabulary. Focuses on drills, paired and group activities, dictations, role-playing, reading, translations, and listening to audio materials in order to achieve a living language experience. By engaging students in such activities, the course offers students an opportunity to further develop their cultural understanding and their use of Spanish for business purposes. Prereq. SPNS 4201; international business majors only.

SPNS 4800. Special Topics in Spanish. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Spanish language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

SPNS 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

SPNS 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

SPNS 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

SPNS 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

SPNS 5120. Spanish for Healthcare Professionals. 3 Hours.

Designed for students in healthcare programs who have little or no conversational fluency in Spanish. The goal of this course is primarily to develop speaking and listening skills with a particular focus on medical terminology and to give healthcare students the opportunity to learn the Spanish vocabulary for anatomy and physiology. Provides students with the opportunity to develop basic interviewing skills and the conversational skills necessary to conduct a basic physical exam and take a basic medical case history.

SPNS 5130. Spanish for Healthcare Professionals. 3 Hours.

Assumes that students have an elementary working knowledge of and skills in Spanish. Aims to impart specialized medical terminology in Spanish that can be used in a range of healthcare settings. Offers students an opportunity to expand their Spanish oral skills (speaking and listening) and their Spanish literacy skills (reading and writing). Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

SPNS 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

SPNS 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

Swahili Courses

SWHL 1101. Elementary Swahili 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of Swahili. Focuses on developing the student’s competency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing Swahili. An important component in Swahili language is its unique cultural application, which aspects will be highlighted as necessary to help enhance learning. Swahili is the most widely spoken language in eastern Africa and parts of countries such as Somalia, Angola, the DRC-Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda. It is also spoken by a large number of people around the world in the diaspora. This course is designed to build the learner’s ability to communicate in Swahili in different social and professional settings.

SWHL 1102. Elementary Swahili 2. 4 Hours.

Continues to provide students with the opportunity to develop competency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing Swahili. Offers progressively more intense practice in spoken and written communication. An important component in Swahili language is its unique cultural application, which aspects will be highlighted as necessary to help enhance learning. Prereq. SWHL 1101 or SWHL 1301.

SWHL 1301. Elementary Swahili Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SWHL 1302. Elementary Swahili Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SWHL 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

SWHL 2101. Intermediate Swahili 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Swahili materials. Prereq. SWHL 1102 or SWHL 1302.

SWHL 2102. Intermediate Swahili 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on SWHL 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Swahili materials. Prereq. (a) SWHL 2101 or SWHL 2301 and (b) ENGW 1111, ENGW 1102, ENGL 1111, or ENGL 1102.

SWHL 2301. Intermediate Swahili Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SWHL 2302. Intermediate Swahili Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SWHL 2900. Specialized Instruction in Swahili. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language.

SWHL 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

SWHL 3101. Advanced Swahili 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. SWHL 2102 or SWHL 2302.

SWHL 3102. Advanced Swahili 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on SWHL 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge. Prereq. SWHL 3101 or SWHL 3301.

SWHL 3301. Advanced Swahili Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

SWHL 3302. Advanced Swahili Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

SWHL 3800. Special Topics in Swahili. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Swahili language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an intermediate level of skill in the language.

SWHL 3900. Specialized Instruction in Swahili. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Prereq. At least an advanced level of competence in the language.

SWHL 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

SWHL 4800. Special Topics in Swahili. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Swahili language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Prereq. At least an advanced level of skill in the language.

SWHL 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions.

SWHL 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

SWHL 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors.

SWHL 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor.

SWHL 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.

SWHL 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. Prereq. Junior, senior, or graduate standing.