Cultures, Societies, and Global Studies

The Department of Cultures, Societies, and Global Studies is an open and dynamic academic platform for interdisciplinary research and teaching on the transformative power of culture as an instrument for social change and innovation. We approach the challenges facing humanity through perspectives that are primarily, though not exclusively, informed by the experiences of the peoples from the Global South (Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, and Latin America) and its diasporas. As we search for the tools to foster sustainable economic growth and social well-being on a global scale, we aim to reevaluate and learn from the historical experiences, belief systems, intellectual traditions, and pressing concerns of the greater part of the world’s population. This requires a critical reexamination of the persistence of Eurocentric postulates that were developed to support modern colonialism and nationalism with their variegated world of “otherness”. As such, we adhere to the broadest and most inclusive definition of languages and cultures as we aim to understand, shape, and thrive in a global community characterized by increased social connectivity, economic integration, intellectual exchange, and cultural hybridity. Indeed, we are your gateway to the languages and peoples of the world and we have the broadest selection of majors and minors in Northeastern!

African-American Courses

AFAM 1101. Introduction to African-American Studies. 4 Hours.

Explores several of the possible historical, sociological, cultural, and political avenues of study in the broad interdisciplinary spectrum of African-American studies. Provides an introductory overview of the field and offers an opportunity to identify areas for more specific focus.

AFAM 1102. Research and Writing in the African Diaspora 1. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to academic research, college-level writing techniques, and scholarly inquiry. Offers students an opportunity to develop critical-thinking skills. Focuses on the interpretation and analysis of current events and the diverse topics and scholarly texts of the African Diaspora through writing. Emphasizes identifying patterns of organization, providing supporting evidence, documenting sources, and practicing editing techniques and the process of revisions. Requires students to produce multiple written drafts to build a comprehensive writing portfolio.

AFAM 1103. Research and Writing in the African Diaspora 2. 4 Hours.

Designed to expand students’ grasp of diverse styles and genres of writing from among the African Diaspora. Explores fiction, nonfiction, and writing for multimedia. Expands upon the analysis and interpretation of scholarly texts, with a particular focus on the interpretation and analysis of literature of the African Diaspora through writing. Offers students an opportunity to expand their writing portfolio as well as deliver oral presentations. Requires students to develop original, qualitative research through a semester-long research project.

AFAM 1104. The African-American Experience through Music. 4 Hours.

Explores the various musical traditions of African Americans, with a specific focus on the United States. Examines the impact of African, European, and Native American traditions on African-American music as well as the role of music as an expression of African-American aesthetics, traditions, and life. Considers historical and contemporary forms of African-American music, with selected video presentations. Not open to students who have taken MUSC 1104.

AFAM 1109. Foundations of Black Culture 1. 4 Hours.

Studies music, literature, visual and performing arts, and other cultural and artistic traditions as they have evolved among African, African-American, and Caribbean peoples.

AFAM 1113. Black Popular Culture: Music, Movies, and More. 4 Hours.

Surveys Black popular culture from the mid-1950s to the present through music, movies, music videos, and other forms of multimedia, paying close attention to social commentary, political critique, economic inference, cultural formation, explications of religious and spiritual beliefs, and the like. Issues of representation, identity, values, and aesthetics are pondered and discussed. Seeks to cause students to rethink and reexamine the intent and impact of Black popular culture as a method and means of expression and communication.

AFAM 1135. John Coltrane and Black America’s Quest for Freedom. 4 Hours.

Studies the life of John Coltrane, one of the greatest musicians of all time. Presents his growing up in a Black North Carolina community during the era of U.S. apartheid to becoming a world-class artist whose music touched listeners around the globe and continues to be a major influence in current times. His advanced and innovative conceptions (melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic) and stylistic contributions to African-American creative improvisation changed the way to play the music forever. Emphasizes his immense impact on jazz and other improvisational music and expressive art forms, as well as his spiritual legacy, which focused on using music for the improvement of humanity. Not open to students who have taken MUSC 1135.

AFAM 1140. Introduction to African-American History. 4 Hours.

Surveys the development of African Americans in the United States from their African background to the present. Covers medieval and early modern societies in West and Central Africa; the transatlantic slave trade; the evolution of slavery from the colonial period through the Civil War; free blacks; Reconstruction; migration; civil rights; and black nationalism. Considers gender relations throughout the entire period and emphasizes how an historical perspective helps to inform discussions of contemporary issues.

AFAM 1220. African-American Theatre. 4 Hours.

Surveys the history of African-American theatre artists in the United States from the time of Ira Aldridge to the present day. Also examines the works of African-American playwrights from the Harlem Renaissance to the present, with an emphasis on the period beginning with Baraka’s Dutchman.

AFAM 1225. Gender, Race, and Medicine. 4 Hours.

Examines the basic tenets of “scientific objectivity” and foundational scientific ideas about race, sex, and gender and what these have meant for marginalized groups in society, particularly when they seek medical care. Introduces feminist science theories ranging from linguistic metaphors of the immune system, to the medicalization of race, to critiques of the sexual binary. Emphasizes contemporary as well as historical moments to trace the evolution of “scientific truth” and its impact on the U.S. cultural landscape. Offers students an opportunity to develop the skills to critically question what they “know” about science and the scientific process and revisit their disciplinary training as a site for critical analysis. AFAM 1225, HIST 1225, and WMNS 1225 are cross-listed.

AFAM 1270. Economic Status of Ethnic Minorities. 4 Hours.

Examines the economic conditions and processes as they impact minorities within the U.S. economy. Considers the role of national economic policies undertaken to address general economic and social conditions, as well as policies targeted at minority markets and institutions. Emphasis is on empirical analysis; historical and cultural materials may be incorporated.

AFAM 1300. The African-American Experience through Short Fiction and Black Cinema. 4 Hours.

Surveys the expressions of African-Americans through the lens of short fiction and black cinema. Engages both the traditional and contemporary forms of cultural expression, grounding the lineages through numerous African forms, contributions from the West and Far East, and looking toward futuristic engagement.

AFAM 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 2301. Foundations of Black Culture 2. 4 Hours.

Continues AFAM 1109. Provides an interdisciplinary approach to the cultural production of African-based traditions in the Americas and elsewhere in the African Diaspora. Forms of cultural production include film, theatre, the visual arts, literary arts, and dance. While several issues in theory and practice in the arts are discussed, emphasis is on the ways in which an African-based tradition is rooted in the intellectual and cultural histories of African descendants in the United States, the Caribbean, South and Central America, and Great Britain.

AFAM 2312. Black History of Boston. 4 Hours.

Examines the social, economic, political, and educational history of Boston’s black community in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The development of the black community and its institutions is a major focus, and students are encouraged to study the past in an attempt to understand the present and interpret the future. Research data include participant observation, oral history, interviews, and primary and secondary source materials.

AFAM 2320. The Black Family. 4 Hours.

Studies how the black family functions, both interpersonally and as a social unit. Anthropological and sociological theories deal with variations in family structure and the function of the black family in black society. The effects of slavery and colonization on the black family structure and functions are also explored. Discusses some of the differences and similarities between African, African-American, and African-Caribbean families.

AFAM 2325. African-American Women. 4 Hours.

Examines themes and topics in the history of African-American women using an interdisciplinary approach. Themes and topics include women’s lives in precolonial Africa, their role in the transatlantic slave trade, women and American slavery, community and institution building after Emancipation, black women and labor, stereotypes of black women, black women and civil rights, and black women today.

AFAM 2337. African-American History before 1900. 4 Hours.

Covers the development of black America from slavery through the Booker T. Washington-W. E. B. DuBois controversy, with emphasis on the historical links between Africa and America that have shaped the African-American experience. Includes in-depth discussion of slavery’s impact, the role of the antebellum free black, the Civil War and Reconstruction, and the black response to the new racism of the late nineteenth century.

AFAM 2338. African-American History since 1900. 4 Hours.

Examines the modern development of black America, with major emphasis on the twentieth century and the rising tide of African-American nationalism. Provides an historical perspective regarding key contemporary issues including the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Marcus Garvey back-to-Africa movement, the Harlem Renaissance, the Black Muslims, the impact of Martin Luther King, Jr., and the idea of Black Power.

AFAM 2339. Analysis of American Racism. 4 Hours.

Discusses the cycle by which racism in our institutions helps form our attitudes and the manner in which our attitudes, in turn, shape our institutions. Emphasizes the practical, day-to-day aspects of racism, rather than the theoretical and historical.

AFAM 2344. Contemporary Black Politics. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the evolution of black political thought in the United States and examines the sociopolitical contexts that have served as catalysts to modern black political movements.

AFAM 2345. The Black Experience in the Caribbean. 4 Hours.

Offers a descriptive and interpretive analysis of the growth of the modern black community in the Caribbean. Although the focus is the contemporary period, the course examines that period in the context of colonialism and slavery in the Americas. Important racial, social, political, economic, and religious issues are addressed.

AFAM 2350. History of Blacks in the Media and the Press. 4 Hours.

Offers a historical and visual examination of the development of the African-American experience in the U.S. mass media and press. Analyzes contemporary and historical literature, films, and people with respect to history, racism, images, psychology, and social movements. Newspapers, film, television, and radio are prime focal points, and are used to help form strategies for the future of black Americans.

AFAM 2360. Politics of Poverty. 4 Hours.

Explores how and why there is poverty, how it affects people’s lives, and how it can be eliminated. Examines the relations between poverty, racial and ethnic factors, and the economic, political, and administrative systems. Evaluates a number of alternatives and provides an opportunity for clarifying individual assumptions and feelings about poverty.

AFAM 2365. Blacks and Jews. 4 Hours.

Compares the black and Jewish experiences in the United States. Themes include remembered slavery and commemoration of freedom; Holocaust and genocide; religious expressions of politics; black-Jewish relations; and black Judaism.

AFAM 2367. Race and Social Identity. 4 Hours.

Provides an interdisciplinary look at the social, political, and psychological factors shaping contemporary African-American identity. Explores several different factors that interact with blackness to shape the diversity of African-American experience, such as skin color, gender, culture, and class. Studies black identity as it has been conceptualized, measured, and researched by psychologists. Readings include essays written by important African-American thinkers, fiction, and autobiographical narratives, as well as empirical research in the field of psychology.

AFAM 2399. Black Community and Social Change. 4 Hours.

Explores the dynamic changes experienced by black communities in the United States since the civil rights era in the 1950s and 1960s. Includes discussions and applications of key concepts and methods in several fields of the social sciences, and seeks to understand the relationship of race, class, gender, and social change in addressing the current search for policies and programs for community development.

AFAM 2455. American Women Writers. 4 Hours.

Surveys the diversity of American women’s writing to ask what it means to describe writers as disparate as Phillis Wheatley, Edith Wharton, Toni Morrison, and Alison Bechdel as part of the same “tradition.” With attention to all genres of American women’s writing, introduces issues of genre and gender; literary identification; canons; the politics of recuperation; silence and masquerade; gender and sexuality; intersectionality; sexual and literary politics, compulsory heterosexuality, and more. AFAM 2455, ENGL 2455, and WMNS 2455 are cross-listed.

AFAM 2549. Public Policy and Black America. 4 Hours.

Examines the impact of public policy on African Americans and the role of African Americans in the formulation of public policy. These roles include protest, interest-group politics, electoral politics, and blacks as policy researchers and advisers. The process of public policy formulation as it affects blacks is explored through a series of case studies ranging from the formulation and enforcement of fugitive slave laws in the pre–Civil War era to strategic military and foreign policy, affirmative action, welfare reform, and reparations in our own time.

AFAM 2600. Contemporary Issues: Race, Science, and Technology. 4 Hours.

Examines the social impact of diverse forms of technological development and application that will have sweeping effects on the everyday lives of individuals, groups, governments, and societies in the twenty-first century. The global, transforming effects of technology as it affects communities of color in the United States and internationally are explored in three main areas: the computer, DNA, and quantum revolutions. Topics include the digital divide, minority media ownership, human cloning, the “dot.com” phenomenon, race and cultural representations in cyberspace, and biopiracy. Lectures, class discussions, fieldwork, and interaction with leaders in these various fields are integral elements of the course.

AFAM 2639. Globalism, Racism, and Human Rights. 4 Hours.

Explores the historical stages of globalization as a geopolitical and social phenomenon having significant impact on social change. Focuses on multiple effects of racism and the gradual emergence of human rights as an extension of basic freedoms internationally. Topics and themes include the African and Latino Diaspora, North-South debates, gender, Third World countries, democratization, poverty, healthcare/pandemic disease, censorship, political repression, new development strategies, and the role of the United Nations and other international organizations in increasingly complex societies.

AFAM 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 2991. Research Practicum. 2-4 Hours.

Involves students in collaborative research under the supervision of a faculty member. Offers students an opportunity to learn basic research methods in the discipline. Requires permission of instructor. May be repeated once for up to 4 total credits.

AFAM 3402. African-American English. 4 Hours.

Addresses topics in the study of African-American English or Ebonics. Investigates the hypotheses about the origins of African-American English as well as arguments about the relationship of the dialect to English and other languages. Considers issues regarding the use of the dialect in schools.

AFAM 3422. Blacks in Science and Medicine. 4 Hours.

Studies the contributions that African Americans have made to the development of science and technology in America. Examines the cultural and social factors that have encouraged blacks to work in the fields of science (biology, chemistry, physics, and medicine) and technology (engineering). Certification of blacks within the U.S. scientific community and the availability of science to the past and contemporary African-American communities are also explored. Uses readings, discussions, individual research topics, and interviews with black scientists, inventors/engineers, and doctors.

AFAM 3441. Third World Political Relations. 4 Hours.

Offers a comparative regional analysis of the political systems of Third World nations of Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Emphasis is on development strategies; problems of development, including national identity, political socialization and participation, national defense, and urbanization; and the positions of Third World nations in the international community.

AFAM 3454. Black Elderly in the Americas. 4 Hours.

Examines in historical context the economic, healthcare, and cultural issues surrounding the aging process among blacks in the Americas, with emphasis on the United States. Identifies the treatment of elders in traditional African societies, major diseases with differential incidence among the black elderly (such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes), racial health disparities, and institutions that African Americans have developed to cope with the conditions of elderly blacks.

AFAM 3458. Labor, Unions, and Work in Black Society. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the nature and meaning of work in black society in the United States, especially the interface between black workers and organized labor. Explores the long-term exclusion of black workers from many unions affiliated with the American Federation of Labor (AF of L) in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; the efforts of industrial unions affiliated with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO); the rise of such black unions as the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters; and more recent efforts to organize public employees.

AFAM 3485. Education Issues in the Black Community. 4 Hours.

Focuses on some of the important issues in today’s urban elementary and secondary education systems. Examines the historical development of these issues, and students are encouraged to think about and discuss the issues’ future significance.

AFAM 3663. The Black Novel. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the black novelist’s place in the history of American fiction. Emphasis is given to Chesnutt, Toomer, Wright, Ellison, and contemporary novelists, and to their different perceptions of the black experience in America.

AFAM 3664. Black Poetry and the Spoken Word. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the black poet’s place in the history of American poetry. Considers black poetry as both written words and spoken words.

AFAM 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4501. Contemporary Issues: Hip-Hop Culture. 4 Hours.

Surveys the global impact of hip-hop culture on a new generation of young people. Begun in the 1970s and 1980s in the United States as a cross-cultural expression of black and Puerto Rican traditions, it has become a major force worldwide. Using an interdisciplinary and practice-oriented approach, addresses such issues as youth identity formation, the role of women and gender in rap music, and the use of novel expressive forms. The combination of fieldwork and weekly critiques on contemporary public debates (such as censorship and the U.S. Constitution, violence and aggression, and sexism and misogyny) yield a final document to be presented to the University community and to be deposited in the Twenty-First Century Hip-Hop Library and Archive Project.

AFAM 4507. Afro-Cuban Culture—International Study. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to obtain fundamental knowledge of the legacy of African-based cultures in Cuba, from historical to contemporary times. Examines origins of Africans in Cuba, including study of plantation culture, transculturation, African-derived religions, the visual arts, music literature, images of blacks in film and the mass media, and African-derived culture in Cuban daily life. Also includes visits to temples and other ritual spaces, meetings with writers, encounters with artistic troupes, meetings with priests or priestesses, visits to cultural organizations, and possible participation in rituals or ceremonies (tambor, cajón, violin).

AFAM 4533. Field Research Seminar. 4 Hours.

Enables advanced students to design and execute research studies in the field utilizing such methods as community surveys, courtroom observation, archival research, archaeological excavation, and participant observation. Includes performance studies.

AFAM 4544. Seminar in Black Leadership. 4 Hours.

Enables students to conduct in-depth studies of significant black leaders-male and female-in a wide range of fields. Focuses on black leadership in the political arena as elected officials, leaders of pressure groups, leaders of protest organizations, black nationalist organizations, and feminist/womanist groups, and as advisers to political parties and presidential administrations.

AFAM 4588. Literature in Context. 4 Hours.

Places writers in the context of a special theme; for example, students might discuss a group of writers influenced by their common interest in psychoanalysis, by the social consciousness, or by an interest in the settlement of America.

AFAM 4618. Laboratory in Community Psychology. 4 Hours.

Familiarizes students with some of the research methods employed by psychologists and other scientists working in the area of community psychology. Community psychologists study people in their social contexts, with emphasis on the mutual influences that individuals and communities have upon each other. Rather than attempt to understand and treat problems at the individual level, research in community psychology aims to offer practical solutions to social problems, focusing on prevention. Familiarizes students with a particular community, which they utilize for data collection. Students develop survey instruments/interview schedules, collect data, and analyze and interpret the findings with a qualitative design if possible.

AFAM 4640. Topics in African-American History. 4 Hours.

Covers special topics in African-American history. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4642. Topics in African-American Art History. 4 Hours.

Explores special topics in African-American art history in this advanced seminar. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4663. Early African-American Literature. 4 Hours.

Surveys the development and range of black American writers, emphasizing poetry and prose from early colonial times to the Civil War.

AFAM 4670. Modern African-American Literature. 4 Hours.

Surveys the development and range of black American writers in poetry and prose from the post-Civil War period to the present.

AFAM 4700. Advanced Seminar. 4 Hours.

Offers students the opportunity to prepare a professional research paper under the close supervision of a scholar interested in students’ particular research areas. The senior thesis is required of all African-American studies majors. Fulfills experiential education requirement.

AFAM 4710. Field and Lab Methods for Researching Afro-Caribbean Music. 4 Hours.

Designed to provide students with principles and practices of ethnomusicological field techniques and research focused on selected African-based music cultures throughout the Caribbean. Offers students an opportunity to obtain a firm foundation so that they may be able to explore research in various genres, forms, and styles of Black music across the globe. Combines theory and practice in an experiential course. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4900. Seminar: Authors in the African Diaspora. 4 Hours.

Enables students to conduct in-depth studies of significant bodies of work-both fiction and nonfiction-by individual authors of the African Diaspora such as Chinua Achebe, W. E. B. DuBois, Toni Morrison, Richard Wright, Zora Neale Hurston, Frantz Fanon, and Leopold Senghor. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4939. Afro-Caribbean Music Research. 4 Hours.

Examines the highly diverse and unique African-based music cultures of the Caribbean. Exposes students to musical repertories, ideas about music, relationship of music to culture, musical instruments, musical contexts, musicians, dancers, and musical syncretism. Examines the roles and functions of music within human life. Taught as part of the Afro-Caribbean Music Research Project while in the field in various Caribbean contexts and takes advantage of firsthand aspects of the specific music culture being studied. Activities include study of historical and contemporary musical history of the Caribbean as well as applied ethnomusicological field research methods, techniques, approaches, and procedures. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4970. Junior/Senior Honors Project 1. 4 Hours.

Focuses on in-depth project in which a student conducts research or produces a product related to the student’s major field. Combined with Junior/Senior Project 2 or college-defined equivalent for 8 credit honors project. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4971. Junior/Senior Honors Project 2. 4 Hours.

Focuses on second semester of in-depth project in which a student conducts research or produces a product related to the student’s major field. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

AFAM 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4994. Internship. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity for internship work. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4995. AAMARP Practicum. 4 Hours.

Offers students mentoring by artists-in-residence at the African-American Master Artists in Residency Program (AAMARP). Students gain hands-on studio experience mainly in the graphic and visual arts and in the preparation and management of artistic exhibitions mounted at the AAMARP gallery and other local and regional venues where AAMARP artists exhibit their work. May be repeated without limit.

AFAM 4996. Experiential Education Directed Study. 4 Hours.

Draws upon the student’s approved experiential activity and integrates it with study in the academic major. May be repeated without limit.

African Studies

AFRS 1101. Introduction to African Studies. 4 Hours.

Uses a multidisciplinary approach to offer an introduction and overview of the geographical, demographic, socioeconomic, and political conditions of the African continent, emphasizing sub-Saharan Africa. Africa, “the cradle of humankind,” is a vast, complex continent of diverse peoples that has fascinated observers and evoked multiple images. Topical areas of interest range from ethnic relations, politics, colonial experience, and international relations to religion, environment, health, economic development, gender, culture, and literature. Course materials aim to provide contemporary African perspectives and analyses that offer students an opportunity to acquire and interpret broad knowledge about the continent.

AFRS 1128. The African Experience through Music. 4 Hours.

Surveys various African musical traditions with respect to their historical, social, and cultural heritage. Examines traditional and contemporary African music, instruments, and performance traditions. Not open to students who have taken MUSC 1128.

AFRS 1180. African History. 4 Hours.

Explores the history of the African continent from 1000 C.E. to the present era. Topics include medieval kingdoms (Ghana, Mali, Songhai, Zimbabwe, the city-states of East Africa, and the Kongo kingdom); slave trades (Indian Ocean, trans-Saharan, and transatlantic); the partition of Africa and European colonization; and the decolonization process. Due consideration is given to the interactions of African peoples with the rest of the world, particularly the relations between Africa and Europe after 1500 C.E.

AFRS 1185. Gender in the African Diaspora. 4 Hours.

Studies variations in gender roles throughout the African Diaspora, from precolonial Africa to the modern United States. Areas of the African Diaspora include Africa, the West Indies, Latin America, Europe, and the Islamic world. Issues include sexuality, labor, reproduction, and social constructions of gender. AFRS 1185, INTL 1185, and WMNS 1185 are cross-listed.

AFRS 1270. Introduction to Global Health. 4 Hours.

Introduces global health in the context of an interdependent and globalized world focusing on four main areas of analysis: infrastructure of global health; diseases; populations; and terms, concepts, and theories. While the focus is on lower-income countries, the course examines issues in a broader global context, underscoring the interconnections between global health disparities and global health policy response. Applies case studies describing interventions to improve healthcare in resource-poor settings in sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere to help illuminate the actors, diseases, populations, and principles and frameworks for the design of effective global health interventions. AFRS 1270 and PHTH 1270 are cross-listed.

AFRS 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

AFRS 2307. Africa Today. 4 Hours.

Offers a basic survey of the latest innovations and cultural and socioeconomic trends of 21st-century Africa. Examining the political transformations of 54 nations, the course focuses on a culturally and ethnically diverse continent of five regions, linguistic and religious diversity, and tribal societies reflecting an ancient triple heritage—indigenous, Arab, and European. Presents complex and critical perspectives on topics including governance and civil strife, gender empowerment, the impact of globalization, trade and investment developments, public health challenges, the visual and performing arts, identity formation among a rising youth demographic to pervasive mobile technology, food security, and the new “African” passport.

AFRS 2348. Arts and Culture of Africa. 4 Hours.

Presents a multidisciplinary approach to the study of art and culture of an African nation taught in a specified African country. Students have the opportunity to interact with master artisans in the areas of music, art, dance, literature, and film. Offers students the opportunity to gain a more global understanding of the role of art and culture on the development of African countries. May be repeated without limit.

AFRS 2390. Africa and the World in Early Times. 4 Hours.

Addresses the place of Africa in the world, from human evolution to the establishment of large-scale iron-making societies. Examines debates on the evolution of man in Africa and migrations to other regions. Traces the formation and spread of language groups, the rise of agriculture, formation of family and political structures, and patterns of trade up to 1000 C.E.

AFRS 2391. Modern African Civilization. 4 Hours.

Explores African history and culture from the early 1500s to the present era. Emphasizes the relationship between Europe and Africa, the circumstances surrounding the imperialist partition of Africa, and the decolonization process.

AFRS 2392. African Diaspora. 4 Hours.

Explores the creation and transformation of the African Diaspora-connections among communities of African descent in Africa, the Americas, Europe, and Asia. Centers on the years from 1500 to the present and emphasizes connections among themes of migration, identity, and popular culture.

AFRS 2414. Global Revolution. 4 Hours.

Introduces the tensions that produce conflict throughout the world and the African Diaspora and explores how social justice emerges in societies worldwide. Global unrest, street protests, and citizen activism are happening everywhere as broad political struggles that express civil discontent about social and economic inequalities and lead to crisis, conflict, revolution, and change. Globalization has affected the dynamics of power, the interdependence of nations, struggling democracies, global citizenship, and how civil society and community organizing are challenging political repression and corruption and improving the quality of life for all. Covers the Arab Spring in Africa and the Middle East, Occupy Wall Street/Occupy Together campaigns, international debates on climate change and immigration reform, and the digital age and open courseware.

AFRS 2465. The Scope and Dynamics of Conflicts in Africa. 4 Hours.

Surveys the faces, character, and manifestations of violent and nonviolent conflicts across the landscape of continental Africa. Addresses the causes/sources of conflict, types of conflicts and their impact on society, and the conflict resolution mechanisms. The contemporary history of the continent of Africa is defined most markedly by conflict that has impacted heavily on the continent’s diverse multicultural societies, polities, and economies. The structure of conflicts in the continent is complex and, indeed, exhibits diverse faces; conflicts differ in their roots, causes, and explanations and between the different regions and population groups in the south, east, central, west, and north. The course critically analyzes this broad range of aspects with specific focus on sub-Saharan Africa using country- and case-based analyses and critical thinking.

AFRS 2900. Swahili, Culture, and Politics in Kenya. 4 Hours.

Introduces and immerses students in Kenyan African culture, the Swahili language and politics, and studies their impact on the everyday life of the local population. Offers students an opportunity to learn Swahili, which is the national language of Kenya; its use in a context of varied indigenous languages; and cultural dynamics. Exposes students to the major issues that characterize everyday life in rural and urban settings through visits to and stays in the rural areas and transect walks in villages and urban communities. Students visit projects run by community-based organizations, observing the everyday life of ordinary Kenyans and attending formal and informal classes and settings on Swahili language, culture, and the local politics.

AFRS 3310. Applied Research in the African Diaspora. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to three major types of evidence used in basic and applied research in Africa and its worldwide Diaspora: written documentation; orally gathered information; and visual materials, artifacts, and material culture. Covers methods of data gathering such as archival research, participant observation, interviews, and archaeological excavation. Discusses various qualitative and quantitative techniques of verifying, analyzing, interpreting, and reporting or displaying the research findings. Emphasis is on selecting types of evidence and techniques of analysis appropriate to the topics selected. In addition to reading examples of research on Africa, and on the African Diaspora in Europe, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean, students usually develop their own research projects.

AFRS 3410. Religion and Spirituality in the African Diaspora. 4 Hours.

Examines religious thought and rituals and the Diaspora in a comparative context. Topics include traditional religions, Islam, Christianity, and Judaism in Africa, and the Diaspora. Emphasizes the transformation of religions practiced in Africa when African captives were forced into the three slave trades affecting the continent of Africa: trans-Saharan, Indian Ocean, and transatlantic.

AFRS 3424. Epidemiology of Pandemic Diseases and Health Disparities in the African Diaspora. 4 Hours.

Examines the epidemiology and determinants of diseases and the public health practice among continental African peoples and African-derived populations in the Americas and elsewhere in the African Diaspora. Emphasizes such epidemic diseases as malaria, yellow fever, tuberculosis, smallpox, the current AIDS pandemic, obesity, and cancer. The course also aims to critically address the breadth of factors behind these pandemics, such as socioeconomic, political, health system, behavioral, and genetic. A cross-cutting theme throughout the course is the entrenched health disparities in society.

AFRS 3428. African Languages. 4 Hours.

Seeks to prepare students for serious theoretical and practical study of the West African language and literature known as Kwa, the largest language subgroup in the Niger-Congo family. Explores the classification of African languages, the application of basic linguistics, and the history of these languages in Africa and the Western hemisphere, all leading to an introduction to spoken Yoruba and Igbo.

AFRS 3460. Contemporary Government and Politics in Africa. 4 Hours.

Explores contemporary politics in African nations south of the Sahara. Studies South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, and Ethiopia, among others. Examines apartheid, colonialism, Afro-Marxism, chieftaincy, development, and Pan-Africanism.

AFRS 3464. Natural Resources and Sustainable Development. 4 Hours.

Examines the social dimensions of resource extraction. Focusing mainly on developing nations, studies global issues, including developments in industrial nations, to assess their impact on resource extraction and living and working conditions in resource-rich regions. Uses case studies of key countries producing oil/gas, minerals, and forest/agricultural commodities to illustrate the past/current causes of resource mismanagement; their social consequences; and how public policies, legislation, and financial and human resource management with industrialization can be used to avert or reduce the adverse effects of resource extraction, especially in poor countries.

AFRS 3467. Diaspora in Motion: Contemporary African and Caribbean Migration. 4 Hours.

Offers an introduction to the contemporary international migration of African and Caribbean people to North American and European countries. Emphasizes a sociological understanding of contemporary international migration, while drawing knowledge from multiple disciplines that influence the study of international migration. Focuses on these migrants’ social position as Black, foreign-born persons in contemporary Western societies. Introduces key topics, debates, categories, concepts, and theories of international migration and immigrant assimilation. Offers students an opportunity to read empirical research on Black African and Caribbean migrants in the United States, Canada, England, and France and to research African and Caribbean immigrants in Boston.

AFRS 3470. Identity and Nationalism in Africa. 4 Hours.

Studies how centuries of imperialism, the struggle for national unity, and the continuing problems of racism and rivalry between factions have affected the present identities and nationalist movements in Africa. Explores problems peculiar to Africa and to any group of nations struggling against colonial ideas. Tribalism and the effects of European colonial partition on African identity are discussed.

AFRS 3645. National Model African Union. 4 Hours.

Offers students the opportunity to participate in teams and conduct research on political issues in assigned nations and then represent those nations in a model African Union role-playing exercise in Washington, D.C. Focuses on intra-African relations and the roles of Africans in international affairs, emphasizing the new African Union (AU) that replaced the Organization of African Unity (OAU). Examines the Pan-Africanist origins, challenges, and achievements of the African Union.

AFRS 4500. Arts of the African Diaspora. 4 Hours.

Traces the historical development of the art forms and production practices of the African Diaspora, from traditional to contemporary styles in Africa, the Americas, and elsewhere in the African Diaspora. Emphasizes the study of art objects, the historical and social context in which aesthetic issues are shaped, and the impact of religion and external forces on creativity. Uses lectures, critiques, discussions, fieldwork, and hands-on interaction with art objects.

AFRS 4585. Current Issues in the African Diaspora. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to present-day issues and problems that confront various segments of the worldwide African Diaspora. Includes the social, political, and economic aspects of the experiences of Africans in the Diaspora. Students are asked to assess the validity of several social theories in relation to the African Diaspora.

AFRS 4690. Topics in African History. 4 Hours.

Covers special topics in African history. May be repeated without limit.

AFRS 4939. Community Health, Culture, and Development in Kenya. 4 Hours.

Introduces the community health and development arena in Kenya. Community development has been presented as the panacea to many of Africa’s problems, including leadership, democracy, conflict, disease, and poverty. Through teaching, research, and action, the course seeks to expose and sensitize students to the global and local debate on poverty, primary healthcare, and community development. Offers students an opportunity to gain hands-on experiences in some of the major determinants and solutions to poverty and disease by interacting with community stakeholders and organizations in a variety of cultural, rural, and urban settings and through visits to, and participating in, projects run by community-based organizations.

AFRS 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

AFRS 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

AFRS 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

AFRS 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

AFRS 4994. Internship. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity for internship work. May be repeated without limit.

AFRS 4996. Experiential Education Directed Study. 4 Hours.

Draws upon the student’s approved experiential activity and integrates it with study in the academic major. May be repeated without limit.

American Sign Language Courses 

AMSL 1101. Elementary ASL 1. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to American Sign Language (ASL). Students develop expressive and receptive competence in using ASL to fulfill various social functions (such as introductions, explanations of personal history, and descriptions of simple narratives). Additional topics include the use of signing space and further use of nonmanual components including facial expression and body postures.

AMSL 1102. Elementary ASL 2. 4 Hours.

Continues AMSL 1101. Continues development of expressive and receptive competence in using American Sign Language to fulfill various social functions (such as introductions, explanations of personal history, and descriptions of simple narratives). Emphasizes further development of receptive and expressive skills, finger spelling, vocabulary building, grammatical structures; encourages more extensive use of nonmanual behaviors, classifiers, body postures, and signing space. Students are also introduced to regional and ethnic sign variations and political and educational institutions of the Deaf community.

AMSL 1401. Elementary ASL 1 for Healthcare Professionals. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the development of basic conversational skills using a variety of conversational strategies in ASL. This is the first course in a sequence of American Sign Language (ASL) courses offered for students in the Bouvé College of Health Sciences at Northeastern University. ASL is the primary sign language of the Deaf community throughout the United States and much of Canada. Addresses those conversational skills most often used in medical settings. Emphasizes basic rules of grammar, finger spelling, and cultural behaviors of the Deaf community, as well as the ASL vocabulary and phrases needed for a variety of medical situations. Guest speakers share their experiences in various medical settings.

AMSL 1402. Elementary ASL 2 for Healthcare Professionals. 4 Hours.

Continues AMSL 1401 or AMSL 1101. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop the conversational skills used in medical settings. Constitutes the second course in a sequence of American Sign Language (ASL) courses designed for students in the Bouvé College of Health Sciences and in the premed program. Emphasizes further development of receptive and expressive skills, finger spelling, vocabulary building, and grammatical structures.

AMSL 1511. ASL Classifiers. 4 Hours.

Seeks to improve understanding of and use of ASL classifiers, including appropriate nonmanual grammatical features and other nonmanual markers. Discusses classifier hand shapes and how movement, location, and orientation of classifiers affect meaning in ASL. Covers eight types of ASL classifiers: semantic, instrumental, descriptive, locative, plural, body part, sport, and elemental. Offers students an opportunity to build on existing classifier vocabulary and eventually use an expanded range of classifiers to express narratives.

AMSL 1512. ASL Numbers and Fingerspelling. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to improve receptive and expressive skills in the specific areas of fingerspelling and numbers. Includes a brief history of fingerspelling. Focuses on strategies for understanding fingerspelling/word phrases and number recognition; recognizing number patterns (e.g., ordinal and cardinal numbers, height, age, time); and additional strategies for understanding and using numbers and fingerspelling in context. Uses drills to improve speed, clarity, and fluency skills.

AMSL 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 2101. Intermediate ASL 1. 4 Hours.

Continues the student’s development of expressive and receptive competence in using American Sign Language to fulfill various communicative functions, such as making and responding to inquiries, constructing and comprehending narratives, and engaging in debates. Students also continue to expand their ASL lexicon.

AMSL 2102. Intermediate ASL 2. 4 Hours.

Continues AMSL 2101. Emphasizes further development of receptive and expressive skills, finger spelling, vocabulary building, grammatical structures; encourages more extensive use of nonmanual behaviors, classifiers, body postures, and signing space. Continues exposure to regional and ethnic sign variations and political and educational institutions of Deaf people. Offers intensive practice involving expressive and receptive skills in storytelling and dialogue. Introduces language forms used in American Sign Language poetry and the features of culture as they are displayed in art.

AMSL 2900. Specialized Instruction in ASL. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings (e.g., media, medical, legal, mental health), or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 3101. Advanced ASL 1. 4 Hours.

Focuses on continued development of syntactic competence in American Sign Language with particular attention to the use of ASL in formal discourse. Also focuses on lexical semantics and semantic equivalents for multiple meaning English lexical items.

AMSL 3102. Advanced ASL 2. 4 Hours.

Continues AMSL 3101. Focuses on further development and refinement of American Sign Language competence in various discourse settings, predominantly formal and consultative. Continues development of lexical semantics and uses individual diagnostic assessment of ASL competence to determine individual competency goals.

AMSL 3900. Specialized Instruction in ASL. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings (e.g., media, medical, legal, mental health), or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 4900. Specialized Instruction in ASL. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings (e.g., media, medical, legal, mental health), or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to American Sign Language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 5901. Gallaudet University Program. 20 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to study at an officially bilingual university, with American Sign Language and English used for instruction and by the university.

AMSL 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

AMSL 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

Arabic Courses

ARAB 1101. Elementary Arabic 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of Modern Standard Arabic. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Uses practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, and aims at good pronunciation and ease in response. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with various audio-visual resources.

ARAB 1102. Elementary Arabic 2. 4 Hours.

Continues ARAB 1101. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with various audio-visual resources.

ARAB 1301. Elementary Arabic Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ARAB 1302. Elementary Arabic Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ARAB 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

ARAB 2101. Intermediate Arabic 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current standard Arabic materials.

ARAB 2102. Intermediate Arabic 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on ARAB 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current standard Arabic materials.

ARAB 2301. Intermediate Arabic Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ARAB 2302. Intermediate Arabic Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ARAB 2701. Intensive Arabic 2. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to develop proficiency in modern standard Arabic and in developing knowledge of spoken Arabic, especially the Egyptian and Levantine dialects. Focuses on building language skills and mastering more vocabulary and grammar. Includes short readings, composition exercises, review of basic Arabic grammar, and extensive training in listening and conversation. The textbook is supplemented with material that includes print media, audios, and videos. Some of the material is available on the companion Web site for the textbook, Al-Kitaab; other material is prepared by the instructor. Requires students to purchase access to the Web site. Seeks to complete all thirteen units of Al-Kitaab by the end of the course. Pereq. ARAB 1701 or ARAB 1102.

ARAB 2900. Specialized Instruction in Arabic. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

ARAB 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

ARAB 3101. Advanced Arabic 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

ARAB 3102. Advanced Arabic 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on ARAB 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

ARAB 3301. Advanced Arabic Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

ARAB 3302. Advanced Arabic Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Arabic-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Arabic as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

ARAB 3701. Intensive Arabic 3. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to build language skills and master more advanced vocabulary and grammar. Focuses on developing proficiency in standard and spoken Arabic to a degree where similarities and differences between the two are analyzed and assimilated. Includes readings of medium length, composition exercises, review of Arabic grammar, listening skills, and conversation practice in standard Arabic and in one of the two dialects introduced in ARAB 1701 and ARAB 2701 (ARAB 4701 focuses on the other dialect). Begins with a brief review of Al-Kitaab 1 and moves on to the first half of Al-Kitaab 2. To prepare students for ARAB 4701, the class devotes at least one full weekly meeting to media Arabic.

ARAB 3800. Special Topics in Arabic. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Arabic language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

ARAB 3900. Specialized Instruction in Arabic. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

ARAB 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

ARAB 4701. Intensive Arabic 4. 4 Hours.

Continues with the approaches of ARAB 3701 to build language skills toward higher proficiency in both standard and spoken Arabic. Offers students an opportunity to use their knowledge in one to enhance their skills in the other by studying and analyzing the similarities and differences between the two. Includes readings, composition exercises, review of Arabic grammar, listening skills, and conversation practice in standard Arabic and in one of the two dialects introduced in ARAB 1701 and ARAB 2701—Egyptian or Levantine. Continues with and finishes Al-Kitaab 2. Offers students an opportunity to achieve proficiency equivalent to “advanced intermediate.”.

ARAB 4800. Special Topics in Arabic. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Arabic language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

ARAB 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

ARAB 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

ARAB 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

ARAB 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

ARAB 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

ARAB 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

Chinese

CHNS 1101. Elementary Chinese 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who have very little or no prior knowledge of Chinese. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in China and the varied cultures within the world of Chinese speakers. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources. Focuses on Mandarin Chinese; students who wish to speak another dialect of Chinese should consult instructor for proper placement.

CHNS 1102. Elementary Chinese 2. 4 Hours.

Continues CHNS 1101. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

CHNS 1201. Elementary Chinese 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Description to come.

CHNS 1202. Elementary Chinese 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Description to come.

CHNS 1301. Elementary Chinese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Chinese. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

CHNS 1302. Elementary Chinese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Chinese. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

CHNS 1501. Elementary Chinese 1 for Heritage Speakers. 4 Hours.

Designed for those who are skilled in spoken Chinese as a heritage language but have yet to learn basic Chinese reading and writing. Focuses on reading, writing, and grammar, along with improvement of oral communication skills. Covers some 370 basic Chinese characters. Also introduces Chinese phonetics, pinyin, as well as the structure of Chinese characters.

CHNS 1502. Elementary Chinese 2 for Heritage Speakers. 4 Hours.

Designed for those students who have finished CHNS 1501 or equivalent and who have learned basic Chinese reading and writing techniques. Seeks to help them to move on a fast track beyond the beginner level to the intermediate university level. Strongly focuses on Chinese reading and writing skills, with more sophisticated sentences and paragraphs. Offers students an opportunity to develop writing skills to a functional literacy level, allowing them to carry out a number of practical writing tasks. Also aims to prepare students for CHNS 2102. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

CHNS 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

CHNS 2101. Intermediate Chinese 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current Chinese periodicals. Allows students to engage actively in communication within various contexts and reviews the more subtle problems of grammar and writing style. This communicative class is for intermediate or advanced learners. It is especially suitable for Asian-American students who have some knowledge of certain Chinese dialects (that is, Cantonese and a level of language competence equal to two semesters of college Chinese) and want to learn Mandarin Chinese through reading, writing, and discussion.

CHNS 2102. Intermediate Chinese 2. 4 Hours.

Continues CHNS 2101. Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current Chinese periodicals.

CHNS 2151. Intermediate Chinese for Business Purposes. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes communicating in a business environment, tailoring grammar and sentence pattern coverage, vocabulary, and cultural topics to a business setting. Combines contemporary business topics and intermediate business Chinese. Offers students an opportunity to be prepared to communicate in speaking and writing in a business setting in China and with a better understanding of the current business culture in China. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

CHNS 2201. Intermediate Chinese 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CHNS 1202. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. International business majors only.

CHNS 2202. Intermediate Chinese 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CNHS 2201. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. International business majors only.

CHNS 2301. Intermediate Chinese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

CHNS 2302. Intermediate Chinese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

CHNS 2900. Specialized Instruction in Chinese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

CHNS 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

CHNS 3101. Advanced Chinese 1. 4 Hours.

Stresses the fundamentals of Chinese to promote effective self-expression through speaking and writing and to explore the idiomatic aspects of the language. Through progressive class discussions and oral and written commentaries, students analyze a contemporary Chinese novel or a Chinese cultural reader, screenplay, or collection of short stories. The course strives, first, to help students read and comprehend modern Chinese writing with confidence and to be able to talk and write about it in good Chinese; and second, to provide preparation for advanced courses.

CHNS 3102. Advanced Chinese 2. 4 Hours.

Continues CHNS 3101. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills students encounter when they are abroad.

CHNS 3201. Advanced Chinese 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CHNS 2202. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. International business majors only.

CHNS 3202. Advanced Chinese 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CHNS 3201. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. International business majors only.

CHNS 3301. Advanced Chinese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

CHNS 3302. Advanced Chinese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Chinese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

CHNS 3800. Special Topics in Chinese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Chinese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

CHNS 3900. Specialized Instruction in Chinese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

CHNS 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

CHNS 4101. Advanced Proficiency Chinese 1. 4 Hours.

Designed mainly for students of Chinese as a foreign language at a high intermediate or beginning advanced level of proficiency as designated by the American Council on Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL) standards (or third-year Chinese language at universities). Seeks to help students perform most informal and formal language tasks with ease, confidence, and competence. Also seeks to strengthen understanding of contemporary Chinese culture and social environment, such as changing social values and contemporary popular culture. Offers students an opportunity to develop advanced language skills through integrated activities in listening, speaking, reading, and writing and to express complicated and abstract ideas. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

CHNS 4102. Advanced Proficiency Chinese 2. 4 Hours.

Builds upon the skills developed in previous Chinese courses. Seeks to enable students to accurately communicate detailed narratives and opinions in both spoken and written form. Offers students an opportunity to learn to provide structured arguments to support their opinions, to correctly use quantifiers and hypotheticals, and to develop good control of a full range of grammatical structures and a fairly wide general vocabulary. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

CHNS 4201. Advanced Proficiency Chinese 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CHNS 3202. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. International business majors only.

CHNS 4202. Advanced Proficiency Chinese 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on CHNS 4201. Offers students an opportunity to continue to build vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. International business majors only.

CHNS 4800. Special Topics in Chinese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Chinese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Topics focus on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

CHNS 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

CHNS 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

CHNS 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

CHNS 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated up to three times.

CHNS 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

CHNS 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

Foreign Language Courses 

FLNG 1101. Elementary Foreign Language Transfer 1. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 1102. Elementary Foreign Language Transfer 2. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

FLNG 2101. Intermediate Foreign Language Transfer 1. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 2102. Intermediate Foreign Language Transfer 2. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

FLNG 3101. Advanced Foreign Language Transfer 1. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 3102. Advanced Foreign Language Transfer 2. 4 Hours.

Offers credit for foreign language courses taken at other academic institutions.

FLNG 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

French Courses

FRNH 1101. Elementary French 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of French. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in France and the varied cultures within the world of French speakers. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

FRNH 1102. Elementary French 2. 4 Hours.

Continues FRNH 1101. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

FRNH 1201. Elementary French 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of students majoring in international business and who have very little or no prior knowledge of French. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in France and the varied cultures within the world of French speakers. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

FRNH 1202. Elementary French 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues FRNH 1201. Designed for the special needs of international business students. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

FRNH 1301. Elementary French Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

FRNH 1302. Elementary French Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

FRNH 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

FRNH 2101. Intermediate French 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current French periodicals.

FRNH 2102. Intermediate French 2. 4 Hours.

Continues FRNH 2101. Stresses the fundamentals of French to promote effective self-expression through speaking and writing and to explore the idiomatic aspects of the language. Through progressive class discussions and oral and written commentaries, students analyze a contemporary French novel or a French cultural reader, screenplay, or collection of short stories. Strives to help students read and comprehend modern French writing with confidence, and to be able to talk and write about it in good French. Provides preparation for advanced courses.

FRNH 2151. Intermediate French for Business Purposes. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes communicating in a business environment, tailoring grammar and sentence pattern coverage, vocabulary, and cultural topics to a business setting. Combines contemporary business topics and intermediate business French. Offers students an opportunity to be prepared to communicate in speaking and writing in a business setting in France and with a better understanding of the current business culture in France. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

FRNH 2201. Intermediate French 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current French periodicals.

FRNH 2202. Intermediate French 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues FRNH 2201. Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current French periodicals.

FRNH 2301. Intermediate French Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

FRNH 2302. Intermediate French Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

FRNH 2900. Specialized Instruction in French. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

FRNH 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

FRNH 3101. Advanced French 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

FRNH 3102. Advanced French 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on FRNH 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

FRNH 3201. Advanced French 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Stresses the fundamentals of French to promote effective self-expression through speaking and writing and to explore the idiomatic aspects of the language. Through progressive class discussions and oral and written commentaries, students analyze a contemporary French novel or a French cultural reader, screenplay, or collection of short stories. Strives to help students read and comprehend modern French writing with confidence, and to be able to talk and write about it in good French. Provides preparation for advanced courses.

FRNH 3202. Advanced French 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues FRNH 3201. Focuses on advanced conversation and composition work for international business students. Is the final language course before students go abroad. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills that students will encounter when they are abroad.

FRNH 3301. Advanced French Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

FRNH 3302. Advanced French Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a French-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

FRNH 3800. Special Topics in French. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the French language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

FRNH 3900. Specialized Instruction in French. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

FRNH 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

FRNH 4201. Advanced Proficiency French 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on FRNH 3202. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Restricted to international business majors only.

FRNH 4202. Advanced Proficiency French 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on FRNH 4201. Offers students an opportunity to continue building vocabulary and master fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Restricted to international business majors only.

FRNH 4800. Special Topics in French. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the French language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires att least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

FRNH 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

FRNH 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

FRNH 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

FRNH 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

FRNH 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

FRNH 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

German Courses

GRMN 1101. Elementary German 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of German. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in German. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

GRMN 1102. Elementary German 2. 4 Hours.

Continues GRMN 1101. Includes completion of basic grammatical usage, reading of contemporary German material, and increased stress on oral and aural skills.

GRMN 1201. Elementary German 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of German. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in German. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

GRMN 1202. Elementary German 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues GRMN 1201. Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Includes completion of basic grammatical usage, reading of contemporary German material, and increased stress on oral and aural skills.

GRMN 1301. Elementary German Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GRMN 1302. Elementary German Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GRMN 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

GRMN 2101. Intermediate German 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary German materials.

GRMN 2102. Intermediate German 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on GRMN 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary German materials.

GRMN 2151. Intermediate German for Business Purposes. 4 Hours.

Designed for learners who possess the equivalent of one year of German study. Emphasizes communicating in a business environment by tailoring grammar and sentence pattern coverage, vocabulary, and cultural topics to the business setting. Combines contemporary business topics and intermediate business German. Offers students an opportunity to learn to communicate in a business setting in Germany, orally and in writing, as well as to better understand the current business culture in Germany. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

GRMN 2201. Intermediate German 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Stresses more advanced German to promote effective self-expression through speaking and writing and to explore the idiomatic aspects of the language. Through progressive class discussions and oral and written commentaries, students analyze contemporary German texts. Practice includes watching German films, and participating in interviews in German.

GRMN 2202. Intermediate German 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues GRMN 2201. Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Provides opportunities to expand vocabulary and develop flexibility in the four basic language skills. Topics include grammar review and continued exposure to modern texts and business language usage.

GRMN 2301. Intermediate German Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard German. Continues development of grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GRMN 2302. Intermediate German Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GRMN 2900. Specialized Instruction in German. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

GRMN 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

GRMN 3101. Advanced German 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

GRMN 3102. Advanced German 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on GRMN 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

GRMN 3201. Advanced German 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Strives to develop facility in speaking and writing German and stresses active use of the language. Includes weekly composition assignments and grammar reviews as needed.

GRMN 3202. Advanced German 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues GRMN 3201. Offers advanced conversation and composition work for international business students. Is the final language course before students go abroad. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills students will encounter when they are abroad.

GRMN 3301. Advanced German Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard German as well as the local dialect. Continues development of grammatical and conversational competence.

GRMN 3302. Advanced German Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a German-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard German as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

GRMN 3800. Special Topics in German. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the German language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

GRMN 3900. Specialized Instruction in German. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

GRMN 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

GRMN 4201. Advanced Proficiency German 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on GRMN 3202. Offers students an opportunity to continue to build vocabulary and master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Restricted to international business majors only.

GRMN 4202. Advanced Proficiency German 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on GRMN 4201. Offers students an opportunity to continue to build vocabulary and master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Restricted to international business majors only.

GRMN 4800. Special Topics in German. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the German language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

GRMN 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

GRMN 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

GRMN 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

GRMN 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated up to three times.

GRMN 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

GRMN 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

Greek Courses

GREK 1101. Elementary Modern Greek 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of modern Greek, this course provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Uses an instructional approach, with practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, and aims at good pronunciation and ease in response. Incorporates helpful information about daily life in Greece and the varied cultures within the world of Greek speakers. Uses extracurricular practice to complement class work, enable students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforce their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaint them with a vast library of audiovisual resources.

GREK 1102. Elementary Modern Greek 2. 4 Hours.

Continues GREK 1101. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Uses laboratory practice to complement class work, enable students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforce their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaint them with a vast library of audiovisual resources.

GREK 1301. Elementary Greek Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GREK 1302. Elementary Greek Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GREK 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

GREK 2101. Intermediate Greek 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Greek materials.

GREK 2102. Intermediate Greek 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on GREK 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Greek materials.

GREK 2301. Intermediate Greek Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GREK 2302. Intermediate Greek Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

GREK 2900. Specialized Instruction in Greek. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

GREK 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

GREK 3101. Advanced Greek 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

GREK 3102. Advanced Greek 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on GREK 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

GREK 3301. Advanced Greek Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

GREK 3302. Advanced Greek Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Greek-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

GREK 3800. Special Topics in Greek. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Greek language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

GREK 3900. Specialized Instruction in Greek. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

GREK 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

GREK 4800. Special Topics in Greek. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Greek language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

GREK 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

GREK 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

GREK 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

GREK 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated up to three times.

GREK 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

GREK 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

GREK 6962. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

Hebrew Courses

HBRW 1101. Elementary Hebrew 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with little or no prior knowledge of Hebrew. Presents a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Uses practical vocabulary drawn from realistic situations, and aims at good pronunciation and ease in response.

HBRW 1102. Elementary Hebrew 2. 4 Hours.

Continues HBRW 1101. Includes continued focus on oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Expands functional and practical vocabulary base drawn from realistic situations and focuses on grammatical accuracy. Continues to focus on good pronunciation and ease of response.

HBRW 1301. Elementary Hebrew Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Hebrew. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

HBRW 1302. Elementary Hebrew Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Hebrew. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

HBRW 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

HBRW 2101. Intermediate Hebrew 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Hebrew materials.

HBRW 2102. Intermediate Hebrew 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on HBRW 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Hebrew materials.

HBRW 2301. Intermediate Hebrew Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Hebrew. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

HBRW 2302. Intermediate Hebrew Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Hebrew. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

HBRW 2900. Specialized Instruction in Hebrew. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

HBRW 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

HBRW 3101. Advanced Hebrew 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

HBRW 3102. Advanced Hebrew 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on HBRW 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

HBRW 3301. Advanced Hebrew Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

HBRW 3302. Advanced Hebrew Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Hebrew-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

HBRW 3800. Special Topics in Hebrew. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Hebrew language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

HBRW 3900. Specialized Instruction in Hebrew. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

HBRW 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

HBRW 4800. Special Topics in Hebrew. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Hebrew language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

HBRW 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

HBRW 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

HBRW 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

HBRW 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated up to three times.

HBRW 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

HBRW 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

Italian Courses

ITLN 1101. Elementary Italian 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of Italian. Provides a lively introduction to basic oral expression, listening comprehension, and elementary reading and writing. Each lesson incorporates helpful information about daily life in Italy and the varied cultures within the world of Italian speakers. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

ITLN 1102. Elementary Italian 2. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 1101. Reviews and continues the study of grammar and basic language skills. Offers progressively more intensive practice in oral and written communication. Laboratory practice complements class work, enables students to work aloud at their own speed, reinforces their acquisition of essential structures, and acquaints them with a vast library of audio-visual resources.

ITLN 1201. Elementary Italian 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Designed for students with little or no prior knowledge of Italian. Presents essentials of correct Italian usage through acquisition of basic skills in reading, writing, speaking, and aural comprehension.

ITLN 1202. Elementary Italian 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 1201. Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Includes completion of basic grammatical usage, reading of contemporary Italian material, and increased stress on oral and aural skills.

ITLN 1301. Elementary Italian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ITLN 1302. Elementary Italian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ITLN 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

ITLN 2101. Intermediate Italian 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current Italian periodicals.

ITLN 2102. Intermediate Italian 2. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 2101. Emphasizes further vocabulary building and mastery of fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from current Italian periodicals.

ITLN 2151. Intermediate Italian for Business Purposes. 4 Hours.

Introduces the study of the language, registers, and conventions used in the world of Italian business, focusing on the lexis of Italian commerce, industry, and commercial law. Explores Italian business culture, its entrepreneurship, and the “made in Italy” brands. Emphasizes how business is conducted in Italy, taking into account language, customs, regional differences, and politics. Offers students an opportunity to develop the basic communication skills necessary for interviews, meetings, negotiations, and presentations and to function adequately in an Italian business environment. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

ITLN 2201. Intermediate Italian 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed for the special needs of international business students. Offers advanced grammar topics and continued stress on aural/oral acquisition. Provides some reading of literary, business, and popular texts.

ITLN 2202. Intermediate Italian 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 2201. Designed to meet the needs of international business students. Continues acquisition of all major skills in Italian. Provides increased readings of literary and popular texts. Also includes student projects.

ITLN 2301. Intermediate Italian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ITLN 2302. Intermediate Italian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

ITLN 2900. Specialized Instruction in Italian. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

ITLN 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

ITLN 3101. Advanced Italian 1. 4 Hours.

Stresses the fundamentals of Italian to promote effective self-expression through speaking and writing and to explore the idiomatic aspects of the language. Through progressive class discussions and oral and written commentaries, students analyze a contemporary Italian novel or a Italian cultural reader, screenplay, or collection of short stories. The course strives, first, to help students read and comprehend modern Italian writing with confidence and to be able to talk and write about it in good Italian; and second, to provide preparation for advanced courses.

ITLN 3102. Advanced Italian 2. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 3101. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills that students encounter when they are abroad.

ITLN 3201. Advanced Italian 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Offers advanced grammar review and expanded student participation to meet the special needs of international business students. Stresses active use of the language. Includes weekly composition and speaking assignments as well as grammar review when needed.

ITLN 3202. Advanced Italian 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues ITLN 3201. Offers advanced conversation and composition work for international business students and is the final course before students go abroad. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills students encounter abroad.

ITLN 3301. Advanced Italian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

ITLN 3302. Advanced Italian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in an Italian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Italian as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

ITLN 3800. Special Topics in Italian. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Italian language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

ITLN 3900. Specialized Instruction in Italian. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

ITLN 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

ITLN 4201. Advanced Proficiency Italian 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on ITLN 3202. Offers students an opportunity to continue to build vocabulary and master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Restricted to international business majors only.

ITLN 4202. Advanced Proficiency Italian 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Builds on ITLN 4201. Offers students an opportunity to continue to build vocabulary and master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion based on assigned material. Restricted to international business majors only.

ITLN 4800. Special Topics in Italian. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Italian language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

ITLN 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

ITLN 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

ITLN 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

ITLN 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated up to three times.

ITLN 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

ITLN 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

Japanese Courses

JPNS 1101. Elementary Japanese 1. 4 Hours.

Introduces basic grammar, sentence patterns, and vocabulary of Japanese with emphasis on spoken Japanese. Includes an introduction to the hiragana and katakana syllabaries in the written component. Designed for students with no previous knowledge of Japanese.

JPNS 1102. Elementary Japanese 2. 4 Hours.

Continues JPNS 1101. Emphasizes the development of oral skills; secondary emphasis is on reading. Offers students the opportunity to learn basic grammatical patterns, expand vocabulary, and improve communication skills in modern Japanese. Includes the introduction to kanji characters in the written component.

JPNS 1301. Elementary Japanese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Japanese. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

JPNS 1302. Elementary Japanese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Japanese. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

JPNS 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

JPNS 2101. Intermediate Japanese 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Japanese materials.

JPNS 2102. Intermediate Japanese 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on JPNS 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Japanese materials.

JPNS 2301. Intermediate Japanese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

JPNS 2302. Intermediate Japanese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

JPNS 2900. Specialized Instruction in Japanese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

JPNS 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

JPNS 3101. Advanced Japanese 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

JPNS 3102. Advanced Japanese 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on JPNS 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

JPNS 3301. Advanced Japanese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

JPNS 3302. Advanced Japanese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Japanese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

JPNS 3800. Special Topics in Japanese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Japanese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

JPNS 3900. Specialized Instruction in Japanese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

JPNS 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

JPNS 4800. Special Topics in Japanese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Japanese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

JPNS 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

JPNS 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

JPNS 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

JPNS 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated up to three times.

JPNS 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

JPNS 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

Language, Literature, and Culture Courses

CLTR 1000. Cultures, Societies, and Global Studies at Northeastern. 1 Hour.

Introduces first-year students in the College of Social Sciences and Humanities to the liberal arts in general. Seeks to familiarize them with their major, to help them develop the academic skills necessary to succeed (analytical ability and critical thinking), to provide grounding in the culture and values of the university community, to help them develop interpersonal skills, and to familiarize them with all skills needed to become a successful university student.

CLTR 1120. Introduction to Languages, Literature, and Culture. 4 Hours.

Examines the rich interconnections between literature and language and the culture that supports them. Discusses the relationship of language to literature and investigates how language and literatures are embedded in culture. Addresses several very broad and important questions, such as the relationship between language and culture; the relationship between language and thought; the definition of cultural relativism; and how ethical dilemmas are expressed in different cultures. Explores the relationship of esthetic and rhetorical traditions in given languages to the culture from which they sprang. In this context, examines the extremely interesting case of American Sign Language and how a gestural language sheds light on these issues.

CLTR 1140. Italian Society through Film. 4 Hours.

Explores the past three decades of Italian society through film using screenings, lectures, and discussions. Topics covered include the European immigration crisis; complex Italian politics; the modern-day Mafia; and Italian societal constructs, including gender norms, the family, and workplace dynamics. Examines the relationship of filmmaking and society. Explores positionality from multiple lenses. Seeks to foster student reflection and critical thinking through guided discussions and writing assignments and to broaden students’ awareness of Italian culture and society by considering social and ethical concerns presented in films. Students examine human nature and social behavior in the face of globalization and social change in contemporary Italian society. Includes the works of influential Italian filmmakers, such as Comencini, Virzì, Ozpetek, Muccino, and Moretti.

CLTR 1240. Latin American Film. 4 Hours.

Examines contemporary works of cinematography in Latin America, focusing on the culture and imagery of the Spanish-, French-, and Portuguese-speaking peoples of the Western hemisphere, including the United States. Critically engages—from a technical (cinematographic), genre, and sociohistorical perspective—topics of history, memory, and cultural resiliency; colonialism, racism, and patriarchy; dictatorship, revolution, and democratization; and nationalism, dependency, and globalization. Conducted in English; most films are in French, Portuguese, or Spanish with English subtitles.

CLTR 1250. Introduction to Japanese Traditional Culture. 4 Hours.

Covers Japanese culture from ancient times through the 1930s. Studies and analyzes Japanese cultural practices, history, and texts. Offers a critical understanding and interpretation of the culture. Discusses Japan’s social and political institutions, historical processes, artistic traditions, and cultural exchange.

CLTR 1260. Japanese Film. 4 Hours.

Provides an introduction to Japanese film through works by such great masters as Kurosawa, Mizoguchi, and Ozu, as well as works by new directors from the 1980s and 1990s such as Tami, Morita, and Suo. Studies both form and content; relates major works to Japanese culture. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1265. Spanish Civil War on Film. 4 Hours.

Introduces the Spanish film and provides an understanding of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Uses a semiotic approach; studies images of the Spanish Civil War in photographs and posters to show how fictional and historical texts are transferred to the screen. Examines both documentaries and award-winning feature films by prominent Spanish directors. Demonstrates how the realism of the prominent Spanish directors is combined with surrealist imagery and metaphor to create a distinctive visual style. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1280. French Film and Culture. 4 Hours.

Provides an introduction to some of the qualities that have made French film one of the great national cinemas. Focuses on both form and content; relates outstanding directors’ major works to the French culture and society of their period. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1290. Realism and Modernism in Italian Film. 4 Hours.

Examines postwar Italian film as a significant site of cultural production, a site where different—and powerful—social tensions, cultural conflicts, and ideological mandates manifest themselves as discourses and as messages whose goal is to shape and define culture. Uses the concepts of realism and modernism as two central modes of organizing cultural discourse. Examines realism and modernism as complex phenomena—as cultural dynamics, as aesthetic approaches, and as modes of philosophical thought. Analyzes Italian films as sites that manifest realism and modernism in each of these dimensions. Seeks, in taking this culturalist approach to film, to place aesthetic production within a broader context than artistic expression—analyzing film style and practice instead as historically specific encounters between film practice and cultural context.

CLTR 1500. Modern Chinese History and Culture. 4 Hours.

Introduces modern Chinese history and culture through literary works, films, and historical texts. Examines political, social, and cultural changes in China since 1800: the decline of empire; the New Culture Movement of the 1920s; the rise of nationalism and rural revolution; the changing roles of women; the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s; and China’s cinematic, literary, and economic engagement with the world since 1978. Taught in English and open to all undergraduates. CLTR 1500 and HIST 1500 are cross-listed.

CLTR 1501. Introduction to French Culture. 4 Hours.

Explores contemporary France and French mentality through lectures, screenings, readings, and discussions. Topics covered include the modern vs. the traditional family, social reproduction, gender norms, culture and social distinction, the concept of “grandeur,” identity, and immigration. Offers students an opportunity to evaluate historical and sociological readings, films, documentaries, and TV commercials; to compare French and American systems; and to consider contemporary human and social behaviors in the face of globalization.

CLTR 1502. Introduction to Arabic Culture. 4 Hours.

Designed to provide students with an in-depth survey of Arabic culture. Familiarizes students with the roots of one of the richest and oldest cultures but also seeks to satisfy their curiosity concerning certain social norms, patterns, and cultural traits in contemporary Arabic societies. Examines cultural manifestations ranging from the hijab (head covering), Jihad (holy struggle), human rights, polygamy, gender relations, public behavior, and many others by providing the historical backgrounds for these customs and traditions as well as exploring how they are now perceived in various Arab societies as well as in the West. Seeks to provide students with an appreciation for this multifaceted culture but most importantly a broad perspective on Arabic culture within the context of the universal human experience.

CLTR 1503. Introduction to Italian Culture. 4 Hours.

Examines chronologically the main aspects of Italian culture, concentrating on the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and the modern, postunification period. Topics include art, philosophy, literature, architecture, film, and historical background. Other topics address significant personages in Italian culture, such as Dante, Boccaccio, Piero della Francesca, Leonardo da Vinci, Alberti, Pico della Mirandola, Michelangelo, and Machiavelli; the differences between northern and southern Italy; and the nature of Italy’s cultural heritage and its influence and status today. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1504. Introduction to Spanish Culture. 4 Hours.

Examines chronologically the forces that have forged Spanish culture and have made Spain the nation it is today. Traces the development of Spain from the prehistoric caves of Altamira to the present. Observes past and present concerns such as divorce and abortion in a Catholic country, education, the role of women, linguistic diversity, separatism and terrorism, and the incorporation of Spain into the European Community. Incorporates history, sociology, anthropology, geography, economics, and politics. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1505. Introduction to Latin American Culture. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to Latin American culture through the study of a broad array of literary and critical writings by Latin American authors and selected films from Latin America. Authors include Sor Juana, Garcia Marquez, and Jorge Amado. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1506. Introduction to Chinese Popular Culture. 4 Hours.

Provides a comprehensive examination of modern Chinese popular culture in the People’s Republic of China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. From film to literature, from music to theatre, this course probes popular culture as it has manifested itself and traces its sociopolitical, aesthetic, and affective impact on modern China, with special attention to negotiations between the elite and the popular discourses.

CLTR 1508. Cuban History and Culture through Film. 4 Hours.

Offers an overview to Cuban history, culture, and society using a variety of films. Begins with the eighteenth century and issues of colonialism, slavery, and the struggle to create an independent Cuba. Features the early period of independence (1902–1925) and the overthrow of Machado (1933), as it is a period of great change and questioning about the island’s cultural and national identity. The latter part of the course focuses on post-1959 Cuba. Topics include colonialism and slavery, the pitfalls of national consciousness, gender relations, the mulatta in Cuba’s national culture, race relations, the importance of music in Cuban identity, aspects of Afro-Cuban culture, the nature of underdevelopment, homosexuality, social and political concerns in a revolutionary society, and Cuba in a new globalized environment.

CLTR 1509. An Introduction to Afro-Cuban Culture. 4 Hours.

Offers an overview to Afro-Cuban culture and history. Covers arrival of the first Africans, surge in the Atlantic trade, culture of the plantation, and the process of transculturation in Cuba, pre- and postabolition. Examines the philosophical and religious systems on the island: Regla de Ocha (Santería), the Abakuá society, and Regla de Palo (Mayombe, Kimbisa, Briyumba). Discusses slavery and racism in Cuba’s national identity, the intricacies of transculturation (hybrid cultural formations), the African dimensions of Cuban culture, ideas of exclusion and gender, as well as the extraordinary creativity of Afro-Cubans and their centrality to Cuba’s culture and history.

CLTR 1510. French Gastronomy and Culture. 4 Hours.

Analyzes the relationship between gastronomy, good manners, and French society since the Middle Ages, which is deeply ingrained in French cultural fabric and celebrated around the world as French savoir-faire and savoir-vivre.Explores cultural practices and the role of religious, political, social, and economic forces in shaping the formation of self, class distinction and cultural capital, gender roles and identity construction, permanence and change, and myth and reality in times of transition. When relevant, the course compares the French experience with other countries’ modus operandi. Includes films; documentaries; an interview with a  French chef; popular culture texts (cookbooks, menus, satirical food critic columns); and philosophical, historical, sociological, and literary texts from Stephen Mennell, Norbert Elias, Pierre Bourdieu, Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, Molière, Alexandre Dumas, and Emile Zola.

CLTR 1515. Comparative Analysis of the Lusophone World and Culture. 4 Hours.

Examines the role of the Portuguese culture, with a particular emphasis on the cultural influences that have shaped the development of the Portuguese-speaking world, also called the “Lusophone” world. Addresses the presence of the Portuguese language and culture beyond national borders and the relevant Portuguese contribution for the movement of globalization. The course is conceived as a mixture of lectures and other cultural activities that can better provide students with an idea of what is Portuguese/Lusophone culture today and what it was in the past. Focuses primarily on the Lusophone Black Atlantic as a space of historical and cultural connections between Portugal, Brazil, and Africa.

CLTR 1575. Jewish Film and Fiction. 4 Hours.

Examines books and short stories with Jewish themes, such as Goodbye Columbus and The Chosen, and some of the films based on those works. Offers students an opportunity to develop critical knowledge of key issues in modern Jewish identity—immigration, assimilation and intermarriage, anti-Semitism, and the Holocaust—through the lens of fiction and film. CLTR 1575 and JWSS 1575 are cross-listed.

CLTR 1700. Introduction to Japanese Pop Culture. 4 Hours.

Provides an introduction to Japanese popular culture through critical analysis of mass media such as film, television, comics, and animation. Investigates various social and cultural issues, such as gender, family, and education. Films and videos supplement readings. Conducted in English.

CLTR 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

CLTR 2001. World Cultures through Film. 4 Hours.

Introduces the study of world cinema from the past several decades as a form of artistic and cultural expression. Emphasizes the way that different ethnicities and cultures mix and even clash within national boundaries. Readings cover such topics as the postcolonial inheritance, immigration, the boundaries of class, the pressures of modernization, ethnic identities, and historical memory. Examines storytelling in its multicultural aspects and deals with the diverse influences of entertainment cinema and art cinema, as well as measures taken by countries to limit the influx of foreign films in order to protect their own cultural productivity. One overall concern of the course is the place of film in contemporary global culture.

CLTR 2280. French Film and World War II: The German Occupation of France. 4 Hours.

Explores the fascinating period of the German occupation of France, the so-called black years (années noires). Resistance, collaboration, national identity, and historical memory are still active subjects of debate in France by intellectuals, historians, novelists, and filmmakers. Offers students an opportunity to read historical and eyewitness accounts as well as short fiction to situate the films in context.

CLTR 2450. Postcolonial Literature. 4 Hours.

Examines the literature and cultures of postcolonial nations in the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia. Designed to familiarize students with the cultural paradigms and transnational experiences of colonialism. Focuses on the variety of artistic strategies employed by writers to communicate contemporary postcolonial themes such as neocolonialism, nationalism, Third-World feminism, and diaspora. CLTR 2450 and ENGL 2450 are cross-listed.

CLTR 2475. Gender in Latin American Film. 4 Hours.

Explores gender in Latin America as represented in film, which often reflects how society experiences political and social upheavals. Discusses gender in this context as a focus of power and social legitimacy, a means of collective identity formation, a factor in the allegorization of a nation, and as a nexus of change. Discusses how representations of gender, sexuality, and sexual transgression are utilized to facilitate national mythmaking within national cinemas. Discusses different visions of masculinity, femininity, and transgendered identity and looks at films by and for women in Latin America and other non-dominant-gendered identities. Offers students an opportunity to understand how dominant ideology can be questioned, challenged, and revolutionized through filmic representation.

CLTR 2501. Chinese Film: Gender and Ethnicity. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to cultural, cross-cultural, intellectual, and social issues that lead them to an informed understanding of Chinese film. Selected films are organized under the topics of gender, ethnicity, and urbanity. Outstanding directors are examined closely to illustrate these topics. Conducted in English.

CLTR 2504. Modern German Film and Literature. 4 Hours.

Introduces contemporary issues in German culture. Studies the importance of the Faust legend. Considers major novels. Also considers stories and poems by Böll, Grass, Mann, and Brecht as adapted by a new generation of filmmakers: Fassbinder, Schlondorff, Sanders-Brahms, and Wenders. Conducted in English.

CLTR 2505. Berlin in German Film and Culture. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the evolution of Germany’s film aesthetic in relation to German cultural issues and touches on the “new German film” of the postwar era in the West, the influence of neorealism in the East, and the melding of these different traditions in the film of reunified Germany. The centrality of Berlin in Germany’s culture and history is reflected in the many films that have used the city as backdrop, from Ruttman’s silent masterpiece Berlin, Symphony of a Great City through the flowering of German expressionist cinema and on to World War II, divided Germany, and reunification. Studies directors such as Wenders, Klein, Sanders-Brahms, Fassbinder, Dresen, von Trotta, von Donnersmarck, Becker, and Tykwer.

CLTR 2510. Brazilian Culture through Film. 4 Hours.

Offers an overview of Brazilian film that historically covers the period from colonial times to the present. Twentieth-century themes include issues such as youth and street violence, popular culture and music, religion, the role of women, political and social struggles, homosexuality, cultural identity, and human rights.

CLTR 2715. New Media Narratives in Latin America: Local and Global Dimensions. 4 Hours.

Focuses on Latin America as a region of rich technological creativity in the digital media landscape of the 21st century. Explores how social networks, computational technologies, and digital devices are subject to creative hacks that incorporate alternative economies and knowledge models and enact social and artistic movements. Examines how hacks or adaptations of new media traverse the local dimensions of the current global technocultural landscape and invite reflection on the multiplex relationships fostered by digital media around the world. Offers students an opportunity to analyze cultural artifacts and phenomena in Latin America in a comparative global setting and engage in innovative expression by creating reflexive multimedia artifacts of their own, replicating the creative and adaptive uses studied in the class. Taught in English.

CLTR 2725. Representing Violence and Human Rights in Latin America. 4 Hours.

Addresses the topics of historical memory and human rights through basic theoretical texts about the concept of violence, memory, and human rights. Students watch films and documentaries and read novels, testimonies, short stories, and poems of several artistic movements, focusing on how violence is represented/visualized in these texts and how it relates to the social, economic, and political situation in Latin America. Studies four moments in recent Latin American history: Mexico 1968; Shining Path and Peru in the 1980s and 1990s; the genocide in Guatemala; and the dictatorships in the Southern Cone. Taught in English.

CLTR 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

CLTR 3450. Israeli and Palestinian Film. 4 Hours.

Seeks to open up a dialogue between two cultures that coexist in the same geographical space: the Israeli and the Palestinian. Explores questions of history, identity, conflict, and coexistence through documentary and fiction films. Films are contextualized through extensive readings in secondary sources, poetry, and works of fiction. Requires students to complete several short papers and a final research paper.

CLTR 3500. French Culture and the Arts. 4 Hours.

Designed to provide students with an overview of French culture with a particular focus on its rich artistic heritage as manifested down through history and in popular culture today. Includes such areas as language, art, architecture, cinema, music, literature, urban and landscape design, fashion, folklore, rites, rituals, and customs. Studies the distinctive characteristics of France’s many regions in light of their contributions to the vast tapestry that comprises French culture. Conducted in French.

CLTR 3510. Spanish Culture and the Arts. 4 Hours.

Designed to provide students with an overview of Spanish culture with a particular focus on its rich artistic heritage as manifested down through history and in popular culture today. Includes such areas as language, art, architecture, cinema, music, literature, urban and landscape design, fashion, folklore, rites, rituals, and customs. Studies the distinctive characteristics of Spain’s many regions in light of their contributions to the vast tapestry that comprises Spanish culture. Conducted in Spanish.

CLTR 3710. Representing Latin American Cities. 4 Hours.

Examines how several Latin American cities have been imagined, represented, written and sung about, and filmed by studying different cultural artifacts and manifestations. Examines works from the fourteenth century until today (from newspapers and popular poetry to blogs and tweets, from paintings to films, from novels to graffiti, from sports to food) that deal in different ways with the “idea” and “imagination” of the cities from their foundation to the present. This is an interactive course and is taught in Spanish.

CLTR 3715. New Narratives: Latin America after 1989. 4 Hours.

Focuses on film, literature, and new media. This course offers a panoramic view of the Latin American cultural production after 1989, attempting to characterize the variety of styles and trends. Relates the texts and movies to the socio, political, and economic issues of the moment, i.e., implementation of neoliberal democracies, globalization, neocolonialism, resistance, new social movements, etc. Also studies links between Latin America and the United States and between Latin America and Spain. Focuses on texts written by relatively young authors. Taught in Spanish.

CLTR 3720. Literature, Arts, and Poverty in Latin America. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the construction, characteristics, and representation of poverty/the poor in Latin American texts from the thirties and sixties and in the works of contemporary Latin American writers and film directors. Discusses the relation of these works to a “realist tradition” by studying social, political, and cultural aspects of Latin America from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Considers whether we are facing a new kind of realism. Also engages the problem of representation, the “role of literature” (ethics and literature), and its relation with politics and the global economy (literature and the market) in the Latin American context. Taught in Spanish.

CLTR 3725. Representing Violence and Human Rights in Latin America. 4 Hours.

Studies the idea of violence and how it relates to the social, economic, and political situation in Latin America. Students watch films and documentaries and read novels, testimonies, short stories, and poems of several artistic movements to study how violence is represented/visualized in these texts. Also addresses the topics of historical memory and human rights by using basic theoretical texts about the concept of violence, memory, and human rights. Studies four moments in recent Latin American history: Mexico 1968, Shining Path and Peru in the 1980s and 1990s, the genocide in Guatemala, and the dictatorships in the Southern Cone. Taught in Spanish.

CLTR 3930. Topics in International Cinema. 4 Hours.

Studies international directors, or the cinema of a specific country or ethnic group outside the United States. Students meet for weekly screenings, discussions, and lectures. May be repeated without limit.

CLTR 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

CLTR 4507. Afro-Cuban Culture—International Study. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity to obtain fundamental knowledge of the legacy of African-based cultures in Cuba, from historical to contemporary times. Examines origins of Africans in Cuba, including study of plantation culture, transculturation, African-derived religions, the visual arts, music literature, images of blacks in film and the mass media, and African-derived culture in Cuban daily life. Also includes visits to temples and other ritual spaces, meetings with writers, encounters with artistic troupes, meetings with priests or priestesses, visits to cultural organizations, and possible participation in rituals or ceremonies (tambor, cajón, violin).

CLTR 4508. Cuban History through Film—International Study. 4 Hours.

Offers an overview of Cuban history using Cuban films. Covers the colonial period through times of slavery and the nineteenth-century struggles for independence. Proceeds to the twentieth century, first the republican period (1902–1959), then the revolutionary period (1959 to the present). Touches on topics such as colonialism, slavery, race, women in Cuban history, the anti-Batista struggles of the fifties, underdevelopment, exile, homosexuality, Cuba in the “Special Period” (1991–2005), problems of personal freedom, and identity in revolutionary societies. Also includes visits to historical museums, buildings, monuments, and parts of Havana that reveal the country’s history.

CLTR 4944. Cultural Engagement Abroad. 4 Hours.

Designed for a language-based Dialogue of Civilizations. Complements the intensive language course that students take while on a language-based Dialogue. Offers students an opportunity to obtain an in-depth knowledge of the contemporary culture(s) of the country of the Dialogue and how that culture differs from or is similar to contemporary American cultural values and practices. In addition to regular in-class lectures and activities, offers structured opportunities to engage in dialogue with businesspeople, scholars, educators, artists, government officials, journalists, students, senior citizens, and/or local residents about their perspectives on various topics and issues. May be repeated up to three times.

CLTR 4983. Special Topics in Culture. 4 Hours.

Covers special topics in culture. May be repeated without limit.

CLTR 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

CLTR 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

CLTR 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 1000. Languages, Literatures, and Cultures at Northeastern. 1 Hour.

Intended for first-year students in the College of Social Sciences and Humanities. Introduces students to liberal arts. Offers students an opportunity to become familiar with their major; develop the academic skills necessary to succeed (analytical ability and critical thinking); obtain grounding in the culture and values of the University community; and develop interpersonal skills—in short, to develop the skills needed to become a successful university student.

LANG 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 3432. Romance Linguistics. 4 Hours.

Provides a general linguistic introduction to one of the most important language families. Discusses the structural characteristics of several Romance languages. Includes defining a language family, how and why languages change, and the relationship of standard and nonstandard linguistic varieties. Studies contemporary theoretical issues in Romance linguistics including object-pronoun placement, word order, creolization, and subject-pronoun use. Conducted in English. Requires reading knowledge of one Romance language or permission of instructor; LING 1150 recommended.

LANG 3434. Bilingualism. 4 Hours.

Focuses on the fact that half of the world’s population is bilingual, that is, uses two or more languages on a regular basis. Also explores the fact that bilingualism remains a poorly understood phenomenon surrounded by a number of myths: those that hold that bilinguals are found in bilingual countries and are equally fluent in both languages; that bilingual children suffer from cognitive impoverishment; and that bilingual education hinders the assimilation of minority groups. Reviews all aspects of bilingualism (in the world, in society, in the child, and in the adult). Discusses topics such as biculturalism and language change.

LANG 3438. Structure of French. 4 Hours.

Looks at the French language from a linguistic point of view, focusing on elements of French phonology (sound system), morphology (word structure), and syntax (sentence structure). Topics include how French compares with other Romance languages, as well as with non-Romance languages like English.

LANG 3500. Introduction to Translation Studies. 4 Hours.

Offers an introduction to translation studies and practice. Explores the following themes: translation as intercultural communication; linguistic, functionalist, and other theories of translation; translation and gender; translation and philosophy; translation and politics; and the ethics of translation. Students undertake translations that are germane to the themes described above. Requires completion of a language course at the 2102-level or permission of department.

LANG 3510. Translation and the Business World. 4 Hours.

Focuses on translation in the business world (commerce, computers, law, finance, trade, and economics). Dwells first on possible intercultural differences in doing business in a foreign environment and then moves on to practical exercises of business letters, résumés, annual reports, and texts related to international finance, trade, management information systems, and contracts. Requires completion of a language course at the 2102-level or permission of department.

LANG 3520. Translation and Literature. 4 Hours.

Delves briefly into some of the major concerns of literary translation of prose, poetry, and drama. Discusses different approaches (word-to-word vs. sense-to-sense, the visibility or invisibility of the translator, the pitfalls of translating historically or culturally remote texts, translation as creative rewriting, etc.). Discusses authors such as Borges, García Márquez, Neruda, Günter Grass, Canetti, Proust, Césaire, Beckett, Nabokov, and Pirandello. Requires completion of a language course at the 2102-level or permission of department.

LANG 3800. Special Topics in Language. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a particular theme of language and society that involves several languages (e.g., common literary themes, treatment of fairy tales, or folklore). The specific topic is chosen to reflect relevant comparative themes and expressed student interests. Requires an intermediate level of skill in a language. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 4670. Topics in French. 4 Hours.

Provides in-depth study of a specific topic in French studies. Topic to be chosen each year the course is offered. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 4700. Capstone Seminar. 4 Hours.

Provides the graduating student the opportunity to integrate the intellectual aspects of the program with its experiential elements, especially the study-abroad portion of the students’ program.

LANG 4800. Special Topics in Language. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a particular theme of language and society that involves several languages (e.g., common literary themes, treatment of fairy tales, or folklore). The specific topic is chosen to reflect relevant comparative themes and expressed student interests. Requires an advanced level of skill in a language. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 4920. Foreign Language Teaching: Theory and Practice. 4 Hours.

Intended for students who want to improve their understanding of how learners learn a second/foreign language and develop an approach to language teaching that is theoretically sound. Some of the topics included in the course are: theories of language acquisition, learning strategies, individual differences in language acquisition, the role of the environment, and the role of formal instruction. The course provides hands-on experience in the design of language teaching activities, unit and daily lesson planning, and long- and short-range objectives that are consonant with the National Standards for Foreign Language Learning. The ultimate goal of the course is to help students to develop the investigative and decision-making skills needed to foster professional growth.

LANG 4970. Junior/Senior Honors Project 1. 4 Hours.

Focuses on in-depth project in which a student conducts research or produces a product related to the student’s major field. Combined with Junior/Senior Project 2 or college-defined equivalent for 8-credit honors project. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 4971. Junior/Senior Honors Project 2. 4 Hours.

Focuses on second semester of in-depth project in which a student conducts research or produces a product related to the student’s major field. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated up to two times.

LANG 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 4994. Internship. 4 Hours.

Offers students an opportunity for internship work. May be repeated without limit.

LANG 4996. Experiential Education Directed Study. 4 Hours.

Draws upon the student’s approved experiential activity and integrates it with study in the academic major. Restricted to those students who are using the course to fulfill their experiential education requirement. May be repeated without limit.

LITR 1150. Muslim Writers and the Qur’an (in English Translations). 4 Hours.

Covers selected writers who fairly represent a wide range of Muslim attitudes to the Qur’an. Muslim writers use the Qur’an for political and social criticism, question Qur’anic texts related to the status of women, or question the authenticity of the Qur’an itself. After 9/11, however, Muslim writers in the West have presented characters who find in the Qur’an a source of positive powers. Readings are drawn from works such as the following: Leila Aboulela, Minaret; Monica Ali, Brick Lane; Gamal Al-Ghitani, Zayni Barakat; Tehmina Durrani, Blasphemy; Nuruddin Farah, Maps; Taha Hussein, An Egyptian Childhood; Yusuf Idris, “A House of Flesh”; C. H. Kane, Ambiguous Adventure; Hanif Kureishi, The Black Album and “My Son the Fanatic”; Naguib Mahfouz, The Children of the Alley.

LITR 1250. Dante’s Inferno and Medieval Italian Culture. 4 Hours.

Introduces an overview of Dante’s Commedia focusing on the first book, “Inferno,” read in English translation. Examines the descending stages of hell; their meanings; and their social, political, and historical relevance for Dante’s society. Dante’s Divina Commedia created a powerful world, one that had a deep meaning for both the author and the reader of that time. But can one so easily understand it as constructed by the Commedia in the Middle Ages? Does Dante’s world have relevance today as well? Some scholars may say it does more so than ever. If so, how? Through analysis of selected chapters (Canti), students have an opportunity to attempt to establish their possible relevance to the modern human condition and perhaps even to themselves.

LITR 1260. Caribbean Literature and Culture. 4 Hours.

Provides a comparative introduction to the modern literary traditions of the Spanish-, English, and French-speaking Caribbean. Includes authors such as Carpentier (Cuba), Naipaul (Trinidad), Zobel (Martinique), and Cardenal (Nicaragua). Conducted in English.

LITR 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

LITR 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

LITR 3500. International Perspectives. 4 Hours.

Uses major representative works of fiction from the modern European tradition to introduce students to an array of theoretical and critical perspectives (cognitivism, Marxism, formalism, and identity politics). Major authors include Dostoevsky, Mann, Kafka, Camus, Duras, and Achebe. Team-taught in English by members of the modern language department. Serves as an introduction to literature for language majors, who can get credit in their field of concentration by reading some of the works in the original language.

LITR 3502. Cervantes and His Times. 4 Hours.

Introduces students to Don Quixote de la Mancha, Cervantes’ major work as well as Spain’s greatest masterpiece and its supreme gift to Western culture. Studies Cervantes’ minor works, The Exemplary Novels and Interludes. Examines literary, sociological, philosophical, and historical matters: the development of the novel, genre and narratology, role-playing and representation, and Spain’s triumphs and defeats. Deals with the Spanish Inquisition and censorship, and examines themes such as madness, truth and lying, and appearance and reality. Conducted in English.

LITR 3503. Russian Literature in Translation. 4 Hours.

Surveys and analyzes in English the major works of Russian literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with emphasis on the historical context. Selected writers include Pushkin, Gogol, Turgenev, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Chekhov.

LITR 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

LITR 4550. From Knights to Revolution. 4 Hours.

Introduces major works of French literature from the Middle Ages up through the eighteenth century. Textual analysis, examination of the social and historical context of these works, and explanations of literary terms and devices through readings and class discussions are designed to contribute to the understanding and appreciation of this body of French literature.

LITR 4551. Modern French and Francophone Literature. 4 Hours.

Introduces major works of French literature from the nineteenth century on. Textual analysis, examination of the social and historical context of these works, and explanations of literary terms and devices through readings and class discussions are designed to contribute to the understanding and appreciation of this body of French literature.

LITR 4555. French Poetry. 4 Hours.

Provides students with a survey of French poetry through the ages, focusing on representative works of the major French poets. Studies poems in their literary and historical context with an examination of various aspects of French versification. Conducted in French.

LITR 4560. Masterpieces of Spanish Literature: 18th–20th Century. 4 Hours.

Surveys the literature of eighteenth-, nineteenth-, and twentieth-century Spain. Includes the literary movements of romanticism, realism, and the Generation of ‘98. Conducted in Spanish.

LITR 4561. Masterpieces of Spanish Literature: 12th–17th Century. 4 Hours.

Traces the development of Spanish literature from the Middle Ages (las jarchas, El poema del Cid, El libro de buen amor, La Celestina) through the Renaissance and Baroque periods or Golden Age (Garcilaso de la Vega, the picaresque novel, the mystics, Cervantes, Lope de Vega, Calderon). Conducted in Spanish.

LITR 4565. Spanish Golden Age. 4 Hours.

Examines plays by the outstanding dramatists of the seventeenth century in Spain: Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca, Tirso de Molina, Ruiz de Alarcón, and others. Conducted in Spanish.

LITR 4655. Latin American Literature. 4 Hours.

Offers an overview of the major trends in Latin American literature, from Bernal Diaz through Borges and Vargas Llosa. Studies broad cultural and political contexts, especially the effect of colonization. Conducted in Spanish.

LITR 4850. The Splendid Century. 4 Hours.

Presents a study of the golden age of French literature in seventeenth-century France, spanning the baroque and classical periods, and evoking the grandeur of the era of Louis XIV and Versailles. Readings cover a rich and diverse body of literature encompassing poetry, theatre, philosophy, the novel, and epistolary writing. The authors studied include Corneille, Racine, Moliere, Descartes, Pascal, and La Rochefoucauld. Conducted in French, with English permitted.

LITR 4860. Age of Enlightenment. 4 Hours.

Studies the eighteenth century in France: the Enlightenment. It was an age of challenge to established authority, institutions, and modes of thought. This intellectual and political vitality is reflected in works of Marivaux, Fontenelle, Montesquieu, and Voltaire. It is followed by the awakening of the Romantic sensibility as found in such authors as Diderot, Rousseau, and Bernardin de St. Pierre. Conducted in French, with English permitted.

LITR 4870. Romantic Heritage. 4 Hours.

Treats French Romanticism and its aftermath from a literary and cultural standpoint. Examines Romanticism in poetry and drama, as well as its continuation into the realist novel. Readings include the works of Lamartine, Hugo, Balzac, and Flaubert. Also explores the development of the Parnassian and Symbolist movements. Readings include the works of Baudelaire, Verlaine, Rimbaud, and Mallarmé, precursors of all modern literature. Conducted in French, with English permitted.

LITR 4983. Special Topics in Literature. 4 Hours.

Covers special topics in literature. May be repeated without limit.

LITR 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

LITR 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

Portuguese Courses

PORT 1101. Elementary Portuguese 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of Portuguese. Presents essentials of Portuguese as it is spoken in Brazil through acquisition of basic skills in speaking, reading, writing, and aural comprehension.

PORT 1102. Elementary Portuguese 2. 4 Hours.

Continues the study of Brazilian Portuguese at the elementary level. Includes completion of basic grammatical usage, reading of contemporary Brazilian material, and increased emphasis on oral and aural skills.

PORT 1301. Elementary Portuguese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

PORT 1302. Elementary Portuguese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

PORT 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

PORT 2101. Intermediate Portuguese 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Portuguese materials.

PORT 2102. Intermediate Portuguese 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on PORT 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Portuguese materials.

PORT 2301. Intermediate Portuguese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

PORT 2302. Intermediate Portuguese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

PORT 2501. Portuguese for Spanish Speakers. 4 Hours.

Introduces Portuguese to native and heritage speakers of Spanish and/or students who have completed at least one level of intermediate Spanish. Focuses on fundamental communication skills—speaking, aural comprehension, reading, and writing—with particular emphasis on those features of Portuguese that are most difficult for Spanish speakers, such as pronunciation, idioms, and grammatical structures particular to Portuguese. Also explores cultural elements of the Portuguese-speaking countries, with special emphasis on Brazil. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

PORT 2900. Specialized Instruction in Portuguese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

PORT 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

PORT 3101. Advanced Portuguese 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

PORT 3102. Advanced Portuguese 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on PORT 3101and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

PORT 3301. Advanced Portuguese Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Portuguese as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

PORT 3302. Advanced Portuguese Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Portuguese-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

PORT 3800. Special Topics in Portuguese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Portuguese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

PORT 3900. Specialized Instruction in Portuguese. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

PORT 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

PORT 4800. Special Topics in Portuguese. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Portuguese language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

PORT 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

PORT 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

PORT 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

PORT 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated up to three times.

PORT 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

PORT 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

Russian Courses

RSSN 1101. Elementary Russian 1. 4 Hours.

Explores the essentials of grammar, practice in pronunciation, acquisition of basic vocabulary, and idiomatic expressions of everyday Russian.

RSSN 1102. Elementary Russian 2. 4 Hours.

Continues RSSN 1101. Studies grammar and spoken and written forms of the language. Covers more advanced features of the language.

RSSN 1301. Elementary Russian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

RSSN 1302. Elementary Russian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

RSSN 1501. Elementary Russian 1 for Heritage Speakers. 4 Hours.

Designed for students for whom Russian is a heritage language—students who can speak Russian from hearing it in the home but may not be able to read or write Russian or whose writing and reading skills may not be well developed. Heritage speakers also may not know the structure of the Russian language and its morphology. Offers students an opportunity to learn reading, cursive writing, the language structure, spelling rules, vocabulary, and to develop skills to express themselves in a more linguistically accurate and correct manner. Each grammar topic is based on a culturally related text, which is designed to help students gain cultural knowledge along with language skills.

RSSN 1502. Elementary Russian 2 for Heritage Speakers. 4 Hours.

Continues RSSN 1501. Offers students an opportunity to continue developing their proficiency in reading and writing, to continue to develop their understanding of the language structure and spelling rules, and to work on their vocabulary in order to develop skills to express themselves more fluently and accurately in Russian.

RSSN 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

RSSN 2101. Intermediate Russian 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Russian materials.

RSSN 2102. Intermediate Russian 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on RSSN 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Russian materials.

RSSN 2301. Intermediate Russian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

RSSN 2302. Intermediate Russian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

RSSN 2900. Specialized Instruction in Russian. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

RSSN 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

RSSN 3101. Advanced Russian 1. 4 Hours.

Builds on RSSN 2102. Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

RSSN 3102. Advanced Russian 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on RSSN 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

RSSN 3301. Advanced Russian Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

RSSN 3302. Advanced Russian Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Russian-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

RSSN 3800. Special Topics in Russian. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Russian language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

RSSN 3900. Specialized Instruction in Russian. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

RSSN 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

RSSN 4800. Special Topics in Russian. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Russian language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

RSSN 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

RSSN 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

RSSN 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

RSSN 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated up to three times.

RSSN 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

RSSN 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

Spanish Courses

SPNS 1101. Elementary Spanish 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with little or no knowledge of Spanish. Presents essentials of correct Spanish usage through acquisition of basic skills in reading, speaking, writing, and aural comprehension.

SPNS 1102. Elementary Spanish 2. 4 Hours.

Continues SPNS 1101. Includes completion of basic grammatical usage, reading of contemporary Hispanic material, and increased stress on oral and aural skills.

SPNS 1301. Elementary Spanish Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SPNS 1302. Elementary Spanish Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SPNS 1402. Elementary Spanish 2 for Healthcare Professionals. 4 Hours.

Reviews the present tense of regular, irregular, yo form irregular, and stem-changing verbs for students who have completed one level of Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to practice different medical scenarios consisting of brief conversations in the consulting room/hospital with the pediatrician, gynecologist, and with the dietician. Explores all the parts of the body and how to conduct a physical exam with a patient in Spanish as well as converse with patients at an elementary level. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

SPNS 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

SPNS 2101. Intermediate Spanish 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Spanish materials.

SPNS 2102. Intermediate Spanish 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on SPNS 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Spanish materials.

SPNS 2151. Intermediate Spanish for Business Purposes. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes communicating in a business environment, tailoring grammar and sentence pattern coverage, vocabulary, and cultural topics to a business setting. Combines contemporary business topics and intermediate business Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to be prepared to communicate in speaking and writing in a business setting in Spain and parts of Latin America and with a better understanding of the current business culture in Spain and Latin America. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

SPNS 2201. Intermediate Spanish 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Offers advanced grammar topics and continued stress on aural/oral acquisition. Provides some reading of literary texts as well as of popular media.

SPNS 2202. Intermediate Spanish 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues SPNS 2201. Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Continues acquisition of all major skills in Spanish language. Provides increased reading of literary and popular culture texts. Also includes student projects.

SPNS 2301. Intermediate Spanish Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SPNS 2302. Intermediate Spanish Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SPNS 2401. Intermediate Spanish 1 for Healthcare Professionals. 4 Hours.

Reviews the present tense of regular, irregular, yo form irregular, and stem-changing verbs. Explores the preterite and imperfect tenses and the command forms formal (usted and ustedes). Topics also include por vs. para. Offers students an opportunity to practice a number of different medical scenarios in the emergency room, medical center, hospital, laboratory, and the X-ray room. Reviews the parts of the body and conducting a physical exam with a patient. Students practice taking a medical history and doing an extensive physical exam in Spanish.

SPNS 2402. Intermediate Spanish 2 for Healthcare Professionals. 4 Hours.

Reviews all the preterite and imperfect tenses and introduces the present subjunctive. Offers students an opportunity to practice the command forms formal (ud./uds.) and different medical scenarios as well as to learn a variety of medical procedures and treatments for different illnesses. The course is designed to prepare students to converse with their patients at an intermediate level and discuss a variety of treatments for different medical conditions.

SPNS 2900. Specialized Instruction in Spanish. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

SPNS 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

SPNS 3101. Advanced Spanish 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

SPNS 3102. Advanced Spanish 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on SPNS 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

SPNS 3201. Advanced Spanish 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed to meet the special needs of international business students. Offers advanced grammar review and expanded student participation. Offers a major project in the language with the possibility of community work in the language.

SPNS 3202. Advanced Spanish 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Continues SPNS 3201. Offers advanced conversation and composition work for international business students. Is the final language course before students go abroad. Enhances and reinforces those practical language and communication skills students will encounter when they are abroad.

SPNS 3301. Advanced Spanish Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

SPNS 3302. Advanced Spanish Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Spanish-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Spanish as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

SPNS 3401. Advanced Spanish 1 for Healthcare Professionals. 4 Hours.

Reviews the command forms formal (ud./uds.), present subjunctive, and the imperfect subjunctive. Other topics include different medical conditions such as skin disorders and cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, genitourinary diseases, etc. Offers students an opportunity to practice having discussions with their Spanish-speaking patients regarding the different conditions that affect them and discuss a variety of treatment options. Focuses on preventative medicine—talking about the importance of a healthy diet, exercising, etc. The class is conducted totally in Spanish.

SPNS 3501. Advanced Spanish Conversation: Global Communication. 4 Hours.

Designed for nonnative and native speakers whose language skills are at the advanced level and who seek specialized conversational language instruction. Focuses on current global issues, with particular attention paid to events in the Spanish-speaking world and Latinos in the United States. Offers students an opportunity to enrich vocabulary and enhance oral and written communication. Students who do not meet course prerequisites may seek permission of instructor.

SPNS 3800. Special Topics in Spanish. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Spanish language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

SPNS 3900. Specialized Instruction in Spanish. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

SPNS 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

SPNS 4201. Advanced Proficiency Spanish 1—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed for international business students to enhance their ability to communicate effectively in Spanish. Seeks to reinforce grammatical concepts and aims to enrich students’ vocabulary, with emphasis on business vocabulary. Focuses on drills, paired and group activities, dictations, role-playing, reading, translations, and listening to audio materials in order to achieve a living language experience. By engaging students in such activities, the course offers students an opportunity to further develop their cultural understanding and their use of Spanish for business purposes. Restricted to international business majors only.

SPNS 4202. Advanced Proficiency Spanish 2—BSIB. 4 Hours.

Designed for international business students. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop their ability to communicate effectively in Spanish. Seeks to reinforce grammatical concepts and aims to enrich students’ vocabulary, with emphasis on business vocabulary. Focuses on drills, paired and group activities, dictations, role-playing, reading, translations, and listening to audio materials in order to achieve a living language experience. By engaging students in such activities, the course offers students an opportunity to further develop their cultural understanding and their use of Spanish for business purposes. Restricted to international business majors only.

SPNS 4800. Special Topics in Spanish. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Spanish language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

SPNS 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

SPNS 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision. May be repeated without limit.

SPNS 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

SPNS 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

SPNS 5120. Spanish for Healthcare Professionals. 3 Hours.

Designed for students in healthcare programs who have little or no conversational fluency in Spanish. The goal of this course is primarily to develop speaking and listening skills with a particular focus on medical terminology and to give healthcare students the opportunity to learn the Spanish vocabulary for anatomy and physiology. Provides students with the opportunity to develop basic interviewing skills and the conversational skills necessary to conduct a basic physical exam and take a basic medical case history.

SPNS 5130. Spanish for Healthcare Professionals. 3 Hours.

Assumes that students have an elementary working knowledge of and skills in Spanish. Aims to impart specialized medical terminology in Spanish that can be used in a range of healthcare settings. Offers students an opportunity to expand their Spanish oral skills (speaking and listening) and their Spanish literacy skills (reading and writing).

SPNS 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

SPNS 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

Swahili Courses

SWHL 1101. Elementary Swahili 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students with very little or no prior knowledge of Swahili. Focuses on developing the student’s competency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing Swahili. An important component in Swahili language is its unique cultural application, which aspects will be highlighted as necessary to help enhance learning. Swahili is the most widely spoken language in eastern Africa and parts of countries such as Somalia, Angola, the DRC-Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda. It is also spoken by a large number of people around the world in the diaspora. This course is designed to build the learner’s ability to communicate in Swahili in different social and professional settings.

SWHL 1102. Elementary Swahili 2. 4 Hours.

Continues to provide students with the opportunity to develop competency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing Swahili. Offers progressively more intense practice in spoken and written communication. An important component in Swahili language is its unique cultural application, which aspects will be highlighted as necessary to help enhance learning.

SWHL 1301. Elementary Swahili Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili. Offers students an opportunity to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SWHL 1302. Elementary Swahili Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SWHL 1990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

SWHL 2101. Intermediate Swahili 1. 4 Hours.

Emphasizes further vocabulary building. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master the fine points of grammar through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Swahili materials.

SWHL 2102. Intermediate Swahili 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on SWHL 2101 and focuses on further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through written composition, prepared oral reports, and reading and discussion from contemporary Swahili materials.

SWHL 2301. Intermediate Swahili Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SWHL 2302. Intermediate Swahili Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence. Focuses on oral and aural skills that are enhanced by the immersion environment.

SWHL 2900. Specialized Instruction in Swahili. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at the intermediate level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Students must have at least an elementary level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

SWHL 2990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

SWHL 3101. Advanced Swahili 1. 4 Hours.

Continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to continue to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

SWHL 3102. Advanced Swahili 2. 4 Hours.

Builds on SWHL 3101 and continues further development of vocabulary. Offers students an opportunity to master grammar and conversation through advanced reading, composition, grammar review, and listening skills. Whenever possible, offers students an opportunity to engage in local community activities to enhance communication skills and cultural knowledge.

SWHL 3301. Advanced Swahili Immersion 1. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

SWHL 3302. Advanced Swahili Immersion 2. 4 Hours.

Designed for students who are in a Swahili-speaking country, this is an off-campus immersion course. Focuses on standard Swahili as well as the local dialect. Offers students an opportunity to continue to develop grammatical and conversational competence.

SWHL 3800. Special Topics in Swahili. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Swahili language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an intermediate level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to three times.

SWHL 3900. Specialized Instruction in Swahili. 1-4 Hours.

Designed for individuals whose language skills are at an advanced level and who seek specially focused language instruction. Such instruction might be the use of the language in specific settings, or it might be focused on specific conversational nuances of the language. Requires at least an advanced level of competence in the language. May be repeated without limit.

SWHL 3990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

SWHL 4800. Special Topics in Swahili. 1-4 Hours.

Focuses on a unique aspect of the Swahili language. The specific topics are chosen to reflect current developments in the language and expressed student interests. Focuses on the use of the language for specific purposes or its use in specialized settings (e.g., media, business, health). Requires at least an advanced level of skill in the language. May be repeated up to four times.

SWHL 4990. Elective. 1-4 Hours.

Offers elective credit for courses taken at other academic institutions. May be repeated without limit.

SWHL 4991. Research. 4 Hours.

Offers an opportunity to conduct research under faculty supervision.

SWHL 4992. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers students a way of going beyond work given in the regular curriculum; may also enable students to complete major or minor requirements in certain situations. Priority is given to language majors and to juniors and seniors. May be repeated without limit.

SWHL 4993. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated up to three times.

SWHL 5976. Directed Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.

SWHL 5978. Independent Study. 1-4 Hours.

Offers independent work under the direction of members of the department on a chosen topic. Course content depends on instructor. May be repeated without limit.